According to Gerber (2008, p.312) the drugs involved in targeted therapy works initially by preventing the growth of cancerous cells. Targeted therapy interrupts the specific molecules which are required for growth and development of a tumor. It blocks the proliferation of cancer cells. Gerber’s (2008, p.311) studies show that the targeted therapy drugs are used to treat many malignancies including breast, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancers as well as lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myelomas. The main two types of targeted therapy include monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors.
This form of non-invasive medical procedure has been around since the late 1800s. Fast forward to the twenty-first century, and there are now things such as virtual colonoscopies that are highly accurate. Along with graphic software on a computer, and a CT scanner, images can be produced that allow no penetration to the patient. Ultrasound technology has also advanced to treat major diseases, such as cancers.
Improvement or Deterioration In modern society many doctors and scientists have distinct thoughts about the many cancer treatments that they believe will defeat the disease. Some scientists and doctors question whether or not the new advanced treatments in the medical field actually benefit cancer patients. There are many new treatments being made in the cancer medical field which include infection, surgery, and new combinations of medicine. In Emily Eakin’s article, “Bacteria on the Brain”, she explores Paul Muizelaar’s treatment of infecting cancer causing brain tumors with Enterobacter Aerogenes to lessen the tumor. Terri Bradley and Patrick Egan were two of Muizelaar’s patients who went through the treatment.
People have multiple options for cancer treatment. Such as surgery, immunotherapy, and common chemotherapy. However, radiation therapy is used to target masses and tumors. There are pros and cons that come along with radiation, like all types of treatment. Advantages to using radiation as a treatment could result in the shrinkage of cancer cells.
When diagnosed with cancer, many people turn towards a costly yet effective treatment known as chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is the use of surgery and radiation to shrink and stop the cancer from growing and spreading to other cells. Though chemo can also metastasize to other parts of the body, away from the original tumor. This can cause very harsh side effects such as nausea and pain to occur. It is difficult to treat this illnesses because many drugs can not be taken along with chemotherapy.
Some of the diagnostic tests that are performed are a physical examination, laboratory tests, biopsy, imaging tests, nuclear medicine scans, endoscopy, and genetic tests. These tests confirm that cancer is present in the body, the type of cancer it is, the location, extent, and stage. Being able to know the exact type of cancer a person has, helps the doctor decide on a treatment plan for the
Information-Your Number Key For Coping With Mesothelioma Cancer By Bello Kamorudeen Sep 23, 2009 After you receive a diagnosis of mesothelioma you number one priority should be to get adequate information about the disease so that you can make the right informed decisions on the necessary steps you need to take. When looking for information about mesothelioma cancer, first know what type of mesothelioma you have,the pleural mesothelioma is the commonest but there are also other types of mesothelioma depending on the part of the body that is affected by the cancer. Talk with your health care team. Ask them for information about your specific type of cancer, including the cell type and the stage (extent) of your cancer. This is helpful because
In the world of diagnostic medicine, there is one technology that is quite different than the other radiology modalities and that technology is nuclear medicine. Nuclear medicine is very unique, because it helps doctors view how your body is functioning. This type of imaging takes small amounts of radioactive tracers and follows their path through your body. X-rays, CAT scans, and for the most part MRI and ultrasonography, can show how something in your body looks, but Nuclear Medicine can show how your body actually functions. These radiopharmaceutical tracers are made up of carrier molecules that are bonded to a radioactive atom.
It is also known that there will be some unwelcome side effects while receiving the treatment like hair loss. The oncology nurse role is to help the patient and significant others to cope up with their difficulty facing up to hair loss, by educating the affected individuals, utilising the equipment available in the trust to prevent CIA which is cost-effective and to refer them to the other members of the multidisciplinary team to get more support. The aim of this is to improve the experience of the cancer patient with CIA. Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecological cancer
A surgery type of research trial that benefits the patients of Alzheimer’s disease is available. If the surgery was done correctly, the development of Alzheimer’s disease would decrease for the patient or the disease would develop later in life. The benefits of the increased Alzheimer’s research in this trial is mainly for the researchers, doctors, and the patients. For a study, a neurosurgeon would create small holes from a drill and places medicine into the brain of the patient (Hooper et al.). There are two types of drugs that can be placed by the surgeon; placebo and active agent.
The pictures are made by a computer linked to the x-ray machine. With sputum cytology, doctors can look at the mucus your coughs are producing under a microscope to check for cancer cells. The American Lung Association says between the three tests, only LDCT scans reduced the risk of dying from lung cancer among high-risk patients. Chest x-ray and sputum cytology are used to check for signs of lung cancer, but do not decrease the risk of dying from it. Dr. Patti May, one of Grace Health System’s busy primary care doctors, says the requirements for the lung screenings are relatively new.
A very common test for heart disease in general is an electrocardiogram or EKG. It measures electrical currents in the heart to see if they’re moving regularly, or if any parts are overworked. Another common test is cardiac catheterization. By running small tubes, called catheters, through the veins and injecting contrast dye, doctors can determine the blood pressure and blood flow levels inside the heart. A third usual test is an Echocardiogram where doctors take an ultrasound of the heart.
I was initially exposed to the field of osteopathy at the end of eighth grade when I visited the Queens Hospital for appearance of skin rashes. Unlike other physicians, I had seen previously regarding this condition, the osteopathic physician treating me at the moment did not dismiss me with just another ointment. Instead the physician took a detailed history and tried to investigate the underlying causes of the rash, not just my symptoms. Due to the physician’s reconnaissance nature, I was able to receive a correct diagnosis. Even though the rashes turned out to be from bed bugs’ bites, the physician’s approaches to medicine inspired and motivated me to further research the field of osteopathic medicine.
I went ahead and researched some other articles about using FMEA with medication errors. In one particular article they were in a radiology oncology unit working with cancer patients. The group ended up finding “a total of 108 failure modes” (Denny, Allen, Worthington & Gupta, 2014). Surprisingly, one of the areas that needed to be improved on was checking armband identification
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) surveillance screening in an acute care setting can be done through the use of targeted screening of patients who only meet the predetermined criteria or through the use of universal surveillance of all patients. Although it is necessary and appropriate for patients in ICU to be screened for MRSA due to the high level of care, patients in a non-ICU acute care setting could also benefit from universal surveillance screening as they encounter similar risk of acquiring MRSA infection in the hospital setting. As a nurse for almost eleven years, I have seen the danger and increase of MRSA infection on patients in a healthcare setting. MRSA is a mutated form of bacteria. The bacterium is resistant to many antibiotic therapies, which makes