John Dewey Theory Of Reflection Essay

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CULTIVATING REFLECTION-IN-ACTION & REFLECTION-ON-ACTION Reflection is loosely defined as the way we learn from an experience in order to understand and develop practice. Reflection is a means of processing thoughts and feelings about an incident, and gives us a chance to come to terms with our thoughts and feelings about it. For example, if something did not go the way you wanted it, we would tend to reflect on it by asking ourselves questions such as why did it go wrong and how did it go wrong. John Dewey’s theory of Reflective Practice John Dewey (1933) was among the first to identify reflection as a specialised form of thinking. As quoted from Dewey, he considered the root of reflection came from doubt, hesitation or perplexity related to a directly experienced situation. His ideas gave rise to the concept of “reflective practice”. This concept then gained influence with the arrival of Schon’s works (Finlay, L., 2008). Donald Alan Schon’s theory: A new activity usually starts off with application of knowledge, after which it becomes a familiar routine (knowing in action - constancy of our usual patterns). If the usual routine produce an unexpected result, we could reflect on what went wrong, instead of brushing it aside. He came up …show more content…

Reflection is not about evaluating an intervention of the client, but rather the process of theory that we use through our own experience and knowledge (Duncan, E., 2009). Also, it is imperative to recapture practice experiences and mull them over critically in order to gain new understandings and to improve future practice as a therapist (Finlay, L., 2008) as the healthcare sector is constantly changing and upgrading itself. Reflection also allows us to apply our knowledge that is improving to a wide variety of cases that we may encounter, be it a case that we have seen before or a totally new case that we have to

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