Before the Commonwealth was settled by Europeans, the area was home to the Delaware (also known as Lenni Lenape), Susquehannock, Iroquois, Eriez, Shawnee, and other American Indian Nations.  Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America.  The Dutch were the first to take possession.  By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware.  In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware.
Nearly a week after Aviles founded the fort, and then city of "St. Augustine Florida" on September 8, 1565, forty two years before the English will found the Jamestown Settlement (14 May 1607) in the territory of the future colony of Virginia, and fifty-five years before that landed the pilgrim Fathers (26 November 1620) in the so-called New England to found, on December 21, the city of "New Plymouth" future capital of the homonymous colony. In 1821 after US pressure and the need for money, it caused that Spain sold it for $ 5 million and the guarantee of preserving the borders in the west. Florida was a possession of the United States of America until 1845 when it became a status. In 1861, he began the Civil War and joined the Confederate States of America. On January 7, 1861, days before the secession of Florida, state troops took the fort of St. Augustine that was guarded by a small garrison.
Separatist- more commonly called Pilgrims came from England on the Mayflower in 1620 to escape religious persecution starting their settlement in Holland and then moving on to America. They were the origin of America, a small group of English families seeking the dream of freedom and prosperity. When they arrived here they founded the Plymouth colony which is now Massachusetts.
A man by the name of Isaac Nesin presented his idea of forming a colony that will bring profits to England by farming. They were given a charter by the King, granting their journey to this new land and granting Isaac as governor due to his proposition.Driven by an ambition to succeed,on May 15th, 1621, a group of Englishmen and women set off to the Americas to find and establish a colony named New Nottingham.They faced many hardships on the ten month journey, such as diseases that swept across the ship due to food
James Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia, was the one to lead English settlers to the colony. The Spanish were there originally, but 1730, when James led the settlers, the Spanish were mainly gone. James led the settlement as a refuge for the poor and debtors. He also made a multifaceted plan for settling and government called Oglethorpe Plan, which will be touched upon further in the governments slide.
Sir William Berkeley got to Virginia 1642 (36 yo), appointed governor my King Charles I—had control until 1670s a. Popular at first; sent explorers across Blue Ridge Mntns.- put down 1644 Indian uprising- got land from Indians, agreed not to cross/settle west of a line= failure (bc Virginia pop growth) b. 1640-1650: pop doubled from 8,000 to 16,000 1660: 40,000 3. 1652: 3 English territories est. in area set aside for Indians 4.
1.Hernando Cortes-Conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba in 1518. After he set off to explore Mexico aslo in 1518. King Charles Is appointed him governor of New Spain in 1522 after Hernando Cortes is overthrown.
The seeds of the United States and its preliminary colonies were first planted in the 1607 establishment of Jamestown, Virginia, a critical moment in the United Kingdom’s first steps into colonizing the New World. As the UK’s presence in North America climbed following the success of Jamestown, groups of British settlers gradually began to replace Native Americans, yet interactions between the groups consistently varied between active assistance to armed conflict. Four years following Jamestown’s founding, William Shakespeare authored The Tempest, which drew a parallel to European colonization; a boat of foreign travellers lands on an unknown island, where inhabitants of both environments exchange for the first time. Caliban, the original resident
Henry the Navigator dreamed of gaining new people to convert to Christianity in lands unexplored by Europeans. In 1415 he payed for and planned expeditions from Lisbon that sailed further and further down the western coast of Africa. In 1444 Hennery and his men Arrived to what is now Mauritania and began carrying slaves back to Lisbon for conversion and sale.
Britain began to expand at the turn of the 16th century, setting off a huge wave of hope and sacrifice. In 1585, a man filled with hope named Sir Walter Raleigh, took his chances in the New World and started one of the first British colonies (“The First English Settlements”). Raleigh named the new settlement Virginia, after the “Virgin Queen”, Elizabeth I (“British Colonial Expansion”). All one hundred men that first settled there ended up leaving, seeing that there was no hope in the land. Raleigh made a second attempt to colonize the New World in 1587 naming it Roanoke, Virginia (“The First English Settlements”).