We get older and some behaviors are automatic and this therapy helps us understand the reasoning behind the way we act and how to look past the automatic response. In therapy, if the undesirable behaviors can be picked out than the client and counselor can work together to get rid of those less desirable behaviors. The modern-day behavior therapy has 6 stages: building the relationship, clinical assessment focusing on problem areas and setting goals, choosing techniques and working on goals, assessment of goal completion and closure and follow-up. Each one of these stages has an important role in building a healthy client/counselor relationship. Then we see that with REBT the therapist is not worried about building a good caring relationship with the client.
Abstract This paper focuses on person-centered therapy. Person-centered therapy is an approach to help individuals develop a sense of self. This therapy is different from others as the client is responsible for improving his own life, not the therapist. However, it is important for the therapist to create a conducive environment for the client so that the client feels safe and secure and will be at ease to share problems or issues during therapy sessions. Three core conditions that will aid the therapist in doing so is being congruent, having unconditional positive regard and being emphatic.
The usage in the counselling and therapy of interpretation of the transference relation. Psychodynamic approaches of counselling can happen in many different ways. Following are the some principles that are used or have to be kept in the mind while using the psychodynamic way of counselling :- A sound counsellor should not try to overbear the resistance by pressurising the client to reveal their feelings and thoughts. A good counsellor should start know their client’s and should also strive to organise them in an integrated approach of common therapeutic targets. Good counsellors pictures themselves as a vessel getting all the convexities form the client’s side.
So far in Counseling Skills much of what we discuss is approaches and theories that will help shape us into competent and well rounded counselors. How to take care of those who for the most part are having difficulty or can’t take care of themselves from a therapeutic standpoint. While counseling is a helping profession, it in my opinion must also contain areas of selfishness for the counselor. Self preservation the first rule of life and an important rule in counseling. Of course how can you take care of others, without taking care of yourself first.
Encouragement is a technique that helps the client to find his/her own strengths and recognise their power in order to affect the world through choice. Praise and encouragement are two different things; ideally encouragement happens before the client attempts a desired change or action. Encouragement can also be used to combat the client’s feelings of discouragement that some clients bring to the counselling session. Encouragement gives the client hope that they can have better lives (Murdock, 2013). Pleasing someone is another technique that the counsellor can make use of, the counsellor points out the client’s faulty life style and encourages the client to think daily about how and of a way of pleasing another individual (Murdock, 2013).
WHAT? WHEN? and WHY, a form of seeking insight, is emphasized less than action Client Goals Help patients resolve old pain and improve emotional states Helps clients learn new skills and tools to build a more satisfying successful future; focuses on goals Accountability for Goals The goals of therapy are for the person to be accountable for their feelings and emotions and change can be identified internally but not usually measurable unless using a CBT. Coaching goals, like business goals, usually have to do with one’s external world and behaviour and is measurable. Relationship Therapist / Client relationship Co-creative equal partnership Function The Therapist diagnoses, then provides professional expertise and guidelines to provide a path to healing The Coach stands with the clients and helps him or her identify the challenges, then partners to turn challenges into victories, holding client accountable to reach desired
Strength of the therapy Behavioral therapy is a treatment that helps to change a positive way to think about a situation. In another way, it also called as behavioral modification or cognitive behavioral therapy. In this therapy, patients can learn some skills for the rest of their lives because it can involve personal thinking, changing their own concepts, and changing the behaviors. Behavior therapy has some advantages in counseling culturally for the different types of clients. Some clients cannot express well their feelings or the sharing out the privacy information.
GOALS OF OBJECT RELATIONS THERAPY Object relations therapy uses, “the therapist-patient relationship as a stepping stone to healthier object relationships and to promote positive changes in the patient’s sense of self.” The therapist becomes the ‘reparative object’ for the client to help him re experience more fulfilling object relations through transference and countertransference and help the client integrate his splits. Object relations therapy is incomplete without talking about the defenses the self employs against anxiety like ‘splitting’ which is a ‘way of seeing the self and objects prior to seeing them whole.” MELANIE KLEIN THERAPY WITH CLIENT ‘F’ From the moment the infant starts interacting with the outer world, he is engaged “in testing his phantasies in a reality
• Autonomy is defined as the freedom from external control or influence; independence. Ethically, it is the counselor's position to promote independent thinking and problem solving when appropriate. As a mental health counselor, one must promote self-determination so a client can take what they learned in session and apply those practices outside of the session. This is imperative when working with multicultural clients because the sessions should be based on the client's beliefs and personal courses of action to be able to obtain the independence needed for establishing self-direction. • Nonmaleficence is defined as avoiding doing harm to a client to reach a specific outcome.
In many cases, they do not have personal gains and they may not be compensated for their help (American Psychological Association, 2003). However, they have to cultivate trust, consider ethical issues and be accountable for their actions. Additionally, they must consider the health of their colleagues as this may have a significant impact to the field of psychology. During this time, they have to ensure that they help the community in accordance with their capacity. Eventually, it will reduce some of the prevalent conditions that affect the people