Not all the blame can be placed on the people though. There were many ways that Stalin kept gaining power and the people never knew about it. In 1912, Vladimir Lenin put Stalin on the central committee of the Bolshevik party. The Soviet Union was founded in 1922, giving Stalin more power. He then became the secretary of the communist party.
Stalin manages to halt this type of alienation and to introduce goals to the society that will increase their standards of life as a whole. Stalin’s totalitarian regime is connected to the idea of a “permanent revolution”. Therefore, as with each revolution, the society has a common goal that it needs to achieve. (USSR Handout). In addition to that, Stalin established three 5-year plans that aimed for industrialization of USSR and which created quotas for the workers.
From the article, “Russian industry grew rapidly under Stalin, who ruled the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1953.” Over 12 years, coal production increased by 5 times, steel production increased by 6 times and oil output had doubled up. The electricity generation had quintupled. Also from the article, “No matter how badly the figures may have been rigged at the time, the first FYP was an extraordinary achievement overall. Coal, iron and electrical power supply all increased in huge proportions. The production of steel and chemicals was less impressive, while output of finished textiles actually declined.” This shows that the Soviet Union had actually benefitted economically from its production of coal, iron, steel and chemicals.
By 1928, Stalin had defeated his opposition and established for himself a dominant position in the ruling Politburo1. However, Stalin did not gain a ultimate control over the nation until the late 1930s; when he was then able to consolidate his power and establish a totalitarian regime within the USSR. He does so through a series of processes that help him form a tight grasp over the country. Such processes include the use of propaganda through a cult of personality and a book published by him called the “Short Course”. Another method used was terror; in which people were frighted and thus forced to follow Stalin’s orders.
he first chapter of The Cold War: A New History begins by comparing the United States to the U.S.S.R. and talking about the similarities between the two. It also talks about Communism and how Marx deemed it necessary in order to build up the economy. Lenin tried to implement Communism in Russia. They were not quite ready for that kind of system, so Stalin tried to modernize the economy. The U.S.S.R. had more casualties in World War II, but things were not necessarily looking great in America either.
The objective of this was to multiply production in manufacturing, like coal, oil, pig iron, and steel. According to Doc. 4, the USSR produced 35.4 million tons of coal, 11.7 million tons of oil, 3.3 million tons of iron, and 4 million tons of steel in 1927. With Stalin in office, these numbers increased greatly in 1932. According to the Background Doc., “Stalin implemented collectivization which combined all of the agricultural farms into large state-owned farms and forced the peasants to work on them,
The program was created during the height of the Arms Race between the United States and Soviet Russia and it was intended to create the first nuclear bomb. The creation of this bomb would eventually escalate the arms race into a full out Cold War. Conclusion: The result of the KGB operative infiltration into the manhattan project was an increased speed at which Russian nuclear scientists developed their own bomb. The Soviets took the US by surprise as they had created the bomb five years before predicted. The creation of their own nuclear arsenal allowed Russia to have more leverage when it came to negotiations with the US.
The Soviet Union leader, Josef Stalin, did not trust the western allies to begin with, after World War I. The Soviets now controlled half of Europe and Berlin under communist power. The United States and the United Kingdom did not want Europe under communist ideologies. Stalin felt threatened and closed routes to Berlin, but the blockade ended, and the Allies combined. The United States envisioned to avoid soviet expansion, but democratic idealism instead.
As a defeated country, Russia suffered a lot at the expense of ground, natural resources and its train system. When Lenin was dead, Stalin succeeded him and became the new leader of the state. As soon as Stalin came to power, he began to make a five-year economic plan for the sake of realizing Lenin’s dream of turning Soviet Union into an industrialized country. Meanwhile, he also took some measures within the party. He obliterated the party and got rid of the rivals.
In the years before Lenin’s death, Stalin wasn’t seen as the heir-apparent to be head of the communist party in the Soviet Union. Stalin wasn’t at all important to the forming of the party or the takeover of the provisional government in October. He was an outsider within the party until he was giving commissioner of nationalities which was Stalin’s first leg up in gaining power over the communist party. Moreover, Stalin was a tactical man who would outsmart and maneuver his enemies by manipulating the public before killing off his opponents to rid himself of opposition. The first example of Stalin successfully overcoming opposition begins with Lenin’s death in 1924 and who will become the head of the party.