Sacroiliac Joint History

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INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL REVIEW OF SACROILAIC JOINT RESEARCH Over many centuries many scientist have shown an interest in the structure and function of sacroiliac joint in relation to the movement and pain. These historical studies include many important facts. One of the most important issues in sacroiliac joint is the mobility of the joint. From Hippocrates (460-377 BC) to Vaesalius (1514-1564), it was suggested that the Sacroiliac joints are mobile only during the pregnancy period . Nontheeless studies in the early centuries that showed the Sacroiliac joints are mobile in both men and women (Diemerbroeck 1689). Following Diemerbroeck’ work observed that SIJ has a synovial membrane for its mobility and Zagals in the mid 19 th century…show more content…
In 1949 Testut and Latarget further modify the descripton by concluding that the Sacroiliac joint contain a freely mobile ventral aspect and an ossified dorsal aspect. They dubbed the Sacroiliac joint as ‘diaarthro-amphiarthrosis’ that is a joint that has characteristics of both a freely mobile joint and an ossified…show more content…
The fact that bulging of the disc which leads to nerve entrapment and radiating pain resulting in a major shift of the medical world away from the Sacroiliac joint as the primary cause of ischaligia. Historically the period of 1950s in which scientist Solonen finalized his thesis on Sacroiliac joint is significant for spine research. In the previous decades the researchs and treatment has focused on the role of Sacroiliac joint as a major source of low back pain. One scientist Gardner (1950), concluded that some movement is necessary for the development and maintenance of the Sacroiliac joint. According to Weisel the Sacroiliac joint consist of two condyles which forms a saddle joint. Solonen described the articular surface of the sacroiliac joint as ‘ nodular and pitted’. According to Solonen his findings to be pathological as he tried to understand Sacroiliac joint function by envisioning the sacrum as a simple wedge between the iliac bones (e.g. the Weisl model).1

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