Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to pain of variable duration in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it is has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli (Ehrlich GE 2003). Research study on low back pain has shown that it is a common problem in general population. As seen in Western industrialized countries, back pain is one of the major health problems (R Ayiesah and D Ismail 2007). The majority of back pain results from problems in the muscoskeletal system. Regular exercise increases the strength of muscle and bone tissue, increases the blood circulation and reduces stress (Jones, 1997). Chronic low back pain is a common condition associated with disability, …show more content…
Chiou et al. (1994) found that the most common diagnosis given to nurses was ‘‘muscular strain’’. Lumbar herniation and mechanical back pain develop as a result of poor body mechanics and damage to the body structures. A. Karahan (2004) found that nurses did not use body mechanics correctly while making some movements. In particular, sitting, lifting, extending, and moving the patient to the side of the bed were not done correctlyby the nurses. When these actions are not done properly, back pain can be experienced frequently by the nurses. Joey C. Bergeron et al. (2006) state that much literature indicates bad posture is the predominate cause of low back pain in otherwise healthy individuals. Proper alignment of the spine is crucial while walking, sitting, and sleeping to support ligaments, tehndon, and disks in the lumbar area. Any deviation in proper posture relating to these daily activities put the spine in a vulnerable position for
QEP Scripts for Two Recordings – Audio for Musculoskeletal System; “OK, Team! We have a new patient in Room 3B who is being admitted with a progressive (gradual, advancing) decrease in mobility (movement) of his back and legs, and increase in pain located in the lumbosacral (lower back above the tailbone of the spine) area. The patient’s Primary Care Provider has sent along Computed Tomography scans (CT, a rotating x-ray emitter, detailed internal scanner) showing spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spine causing pressure on the nerves and spinal cord causing lower back pain.) and decrease of the normal lordosis (abnormal curvature lower spine, excessive inward curvature of the spine) in the thoracic vertebrae (upper and middle back). Lumbosacral
Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is found in 15 to 30% individuals with low back pain.1 Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be a result of acute trauma, heavy lifting, prolonged bending, torsional strain, fall on to the buttocks and motor vehicle accidents. Chronic and repetitive shear or torsional forces associated with sports like golf, bowling, skating may also result in sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Prolonged sitting or lying on the affected side, more weight bearing on the affected side during walking or standing, forward bending with knees extended may also predispose a person to sacroiliac joint dysfunction.3 Mechanism of dysfunction: Dysfunction occurs mostly when a person lifts something in a forward flexed position or stands in lordotic posture. Due to this, line of gravity shifts anterior to the acetabulum which creates rotational force in extension around
She talks about all the real damage that is done while we slouching. Your postures can determine or even make your life harder than it should be. In which she explains " Poor posture can have ill effects that radiate throughout your body. " Severe pain can continue if we don do anything at the moment to your health both emotionally and
Find below detailed information on each type of exercise routine: • Strengthening exercises – There are several exercises that can assist in strengthening the spinal column and the supporting muscles, ligaments, and sinews. Most of these exercises emphasize not only on the lower back, but also the abdominal muscles and gluteus and hip muscles. Robust core muscles can offer pain relief for they support the spine, keeping it in orientation and enabling actions that extend or twist the spine with less possibilities of
Other causes of back pain include scoliosis and fibromyalgia. Scoliosis is abnormal curvature of the spine, and fibromyalgia is a disease that includes muscle fatigue and chronic pain in the muscles and surrounding joints. (Dictionary.com) Muscle strain may be caused by many things such as constantly bending, falling, being
Musculoskeletal disorders related to work and deemed compensable have become a major public health problem in industrialized countries. Those involved in workplace health are being pressed to provide answers to a broad range of questions concerning the development and control of musculoskeletal problems. School teachers are among the group which appears to suffer from MSDs. Due to long work hours, dissatisfaction from work, work environment, stress, low family and community support are related to Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The teachers reported respectively musculoskeletal pain at specific body parts like eyes, neck, throat shoulder, back, hand, and legs.
Again disease or chemicals are not the only factors, but musculoskeletal injuries and assaults or violence also plays a role in making nursing profession hazardous. There are many tasks like transferring a patient from bed to wheelchair or bed side commode, turning or repositioning a patient in bed and giving bath to a patient. All these tasks exerts a lot of pressure and strain on the nurses back, legs, neck, and shoulders, leaving a nurse with some minor injuries. But repeated injury of these type for over a long period along with aging leads to disability or severe spinal injuries. Now talking about assaults or violence.
Finding Relief From Back Pain With The Aid of Reflexology Back pain can be classified as anything from tenderness to discomfort and actual pain that occurs in the spinal area. However, everyone can agree that because the spinal cord is so sensitive it is very unwelcome to experience any sort of pain or discomfort related to it. Back pain is also very common, with up to eight out of ten people experiencing some form of it during their lifetime. Women are also more susceptible to this condition compared to men. Regardless of the cause of the back pain and whether it is acute or chronic the desired outcome of any treatment is obviously to find relief.
Three risk factors for sustaining a musculoskeletal injury is repeated lifting, transferring, and repositioning patients. The best way to fix this problem is with four different strategies. The best way to help nurses prevent back injuries is to reeducate nurses on proper body mechanics. Every hospital needs to have a well-trained lifting team to day and night shift nurses. Hospitals need the most modern mechanical lifting equipment to keep up with heavier set patients Also there needs to be new policies and procedures that have clear instructions on a new method of handling patients (Lancman, R., K. L. T. Wright, and R. Gottfried.
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the non specific back pain in the office worker of the university of the Hail. Sitting: University of Hail, female campus Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive study using self-administered questionnaire.