Essay On Low Back Pain

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Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to pain of variable duration in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it is has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli (Ehrlich GE 2003).
Research study on low back pain has shown that it is a common problem in general population. As seen in Western industrialized countries, back pain is one of the major health problems (R Ayiesah and D Ismail 2007).
The majority of back pain results from problems in the muscoskeletal system. Regular exercise increases the strength of muscle and bone tissue, increases the blood circulation and reduces stress (Jones, 1997).
Chronic low back pain is a common condition associated with disability,
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Chiou et al. (1994) found that the most common diagnosis given to nurses was ‘‘muscular strain’’. Lumbar herniation and mechanical back pain develop as a result of poor body mechanics and damage to the body structures.
A. Karahan (2004) found that nurses did not use body mechanics correctly while making some movements. In particular, sitting, lifting, extending, and moving the patient to the side of the bed were not done correctlyby the nurses. When these actions are not done properly, back pain can be experienced frequently by the nurses.
Joey C. Bergeron et al. (2006) state that much literature indicates bad posture is the predominate cause of low back pain in otherwise healthy individuals. Proper alignment of the spine is crucial while walking, sitting, and sleeping to support ligaments, tehndon, and disks in the lumbar area. Any deviation in proper posture relating to these daily activities put the spine in a vulnerable position for
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