Garcia 1 Angelica Garcia Professor Steph Dirw 0310-43008 20 March 2015 The affects of texting and driving In today’s society people have the habit to text and drive. This can cause many distractions on the road. One of the most serious and dangerous distractions is texting while driving. It can cause the diver to lose control of the wheel and cause a serious car crash or a person death. Although being in a car crash or accident can also cause serious injuries like being paralyzed from the waist down or in a deathly coma.
Nowadays, our earth is suffering a lot of problems about environment. Each passing year, we receive more warnings about how much pollution we are facing; how bad it does. Modern transportations have contributed a large part to reasons why environment is going down these days. Automobiles send out waste gases rising air pollution. The exhaust fumes which come from car and motorbike contain poisonous gases and pollute the air.
The majority of road accidents are causing because of the lacking of people awareness. According to World health organization there were 1.25 million road traffic deaths globally in per 2013 , with millions more sustaining serious injuries and living with long-term adverse health consequences. There are several reasons behind the road accidents, among these one reason is ‘unfamiliar with the accident prone areas’ and another reason is ‘sleeping during travelling’. It will be helpful if somehow travelers are warned about the danger zones identified as accident prone areas. Accident prone areas refers to these areas where the percentage of road accidents is much high like Dhaka-Chittagong highway.
Transportation has great importance in our daily life and its development has made many of our chore much easy. But it can cause disaster to us even can kill us through accident. During 2008, Road Traffic Injuries ranked fourth among the leading causes of death in the world. Nearly 1.3 million people die every year on the world’s roads & 20 to50 million people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many sustaining a disability as a result of their injury. The advent of technology has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accident take place frequently which causes huge loss of life and property because of the poor emergency facilities.Life of the people is under high risk.
Pedestrian detection is an important field of research in both commercial and government organizations. There has been increase in the number of traffic accidents over the years and millions of peoples are injured by an accident. The Pedestrians are among the major victims of these accidents. For this reason a night vision system is introduced to detect the pedestrian in order to reduce the probability of pedestrian-vehicle-related accident. When collisions occur the pedestrian will be in dangerous situation because they are much more likely to be hurt than the driver.
Distractions include texting, using a smartphone, eating and drinking, adjusting a CD player, operating a GPS system or talking to passengers. This is particularly challenging nowadays, where a wide spectrum of technologies have been introduced into the car environment. Consequently, the cognitive load caused by secondary tasks that drivers have to manage has increased over the years, hence increasing distracted driving. According to a survey performing a high cognitive load task while driving affects driver visual behavior and driving performance. drivers under high cognitive loads showed a reduction in the time spent examining mirrors, instruments, traffic signals, and areas around intersections.
Heavy penalties should be imposed on careless drivers as evidence suggests that careless driving remains a major road safety concern for the general public and is associated with many road deaths and injuries. Careless driving as defined by police authorities and legal bodies as driving without due care and attention and usually without reasonable consideration for other road users. List of careless or unsafe driving actions can go on and on and some of them are aggressive driving, speeding, illegal lane changes, excessive honking, conspicuously absent signal use, falling asleep at the wheel and of course drivers holding cell phone in one hand while driving. Government legislation already exists to enforce the careless driving offence because some motorists fail to account for all the effects on others of their actions. The current process of enforcing careless driving is overly bureaucratic and resource intensive for the police and court services.
Our highways are dangerous in and of themselves because of the number of vehicles and drivers on the roadways, poor roads and weather conditions, therefore adding any other distractors more than triple the dangers. Some will disagree, but the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that texting and driving is the number one killer of teens in the United States. Is Texting and driving the new addiction, is it the leading cause of deaths on our nation 's’ highways, and is there a solution? Texting and driving is an addiction according to Dave Simon “it appears that addiction is no longer just about drugs, alcohol, junk food, or tobacco. The inability to disconnect or postpone an activity is an addition.” Simon further states that “distracted driving lessons appear to be the norm if we are to believe a new survey done by State Farm and reported by USA Today”.
Causes of Car Accidents The leading cause of car accident is reckless driving along with countless other factors. There are also a number of other causes that have reported in the relevant studies and literature. These causes include: not wearing a seatbelt, drunk driving, usage of cell phone, poor maintenance etc. It is due to these factors that the rates and incidence of car accidents have been constantly rising A large number of researchers and law enforcement officials have been intrigued with the question about the causes of car accidents. They have also been interested in exploring the reasons behind the increase in such accidents (Telegraph.co.uk,
From this information, the road crashes obviously constitute a great economic for worldwide health problem. The energy absorption capacity of protective and vehicles structures has become more important for safety requirements. For example, to address the adverse effects of an event, the increasing focus has been paid to the use of energy-absorbing devices. Such devices has predominantly been designed to mitigate impact energy during a collision for protect the structure and its occupant. For many years, the various types of energy absorbers have been placed in the vehicle structures, particularly for the cars is constitute significant number for the road casualties this caused by car crashes.