It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
CAUSES Snapping scapulaThis condition may be caused by: • • Bony alterations of the scapula. • • Soft tissue growths. (normal variants or benign or malignant tumors). • Scapula instability due to loss of muscle tissue (• Muscle atrophy). that produces scapular instability.
4, 8 NEUROLOGIC Epilepsy 4, 8 and deafness 8 have been listed as occurring in the breed. The age of onset of the seizures has been reported as between 6 months to one year of age. OPHTHALMIC Microphthalmia has been reported in the Bouvier des Flandres. 8 Affected dogs are born with abnormally small eyeballs that are usually associated with other anomalies such as prolapse of the nictitating membrane, corneal opacities and cataracts. Affected dogs are blind or visually impaired.
Informative Speech Outline: Child Abuse Purpose At the end of my presentation, the audience will be able to explain what child abuse is, the three most common types of child abuse and list the impacts that child abuse has on the victim. Introduction Remember when you were a child, and try to remember what your biggest fear was. The one fear that made your heart beat so fast you can almost burst out of your own chest. The one fear that made your whole body shakes uncontrollably to the point where you couldn’t take it anymore. Now imagine having to live with that fear every single day of your life.
With a slit-lamp associ- ated injuries such as corneal abrasions, lens dislocations, hyphema, commotio retinae, and retinal detachments. Assessment of extraocular movement is even more impor- tant in children due to the so-called white eye syndrome, in which the eye looks otherwise completely normal except for extraocular movement limitation. Since greenstick fractures are more common in children, these fractures causing a trapdoor effect and muscle impingement are more likely to be seen in the pediatric population (Figure
Primary head injury is present at the time of the trauma and is seen as a transient or an irreversible damage to the brain but secondary brain injury is usually as a result of accompanying peri-lesional oedema or raised intracranial pressure or parenchymal ischemia affecting varying parts of the brain. These secondary changes can cause tonsillar herniation especially in cases with raised intracranial pressure and may eventually culminate in the death of the patient. [14-15] The current trend of evaluation of patients with head injury includes Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) and Nuclear medicine. However, cranial CT has emerged the mainstay in the diagnostic work-up of patients with head injury, particularly in the initial assessment of the head injured due to its availability, short image acquisition time and its accuracy in the detection of skull fractures and intracranial haemorrhage. [15 –
DEFINITION Paget disease is defined as a disease that involves destruction of abnormal bone. This disease occur when overactivity of osteoclastic and also followed by compensatory of osteoblastic activity that lead to a struture of the bone ( woven bone ). Usually affected skull, pelvis, femur, tibia, and lumbar spine ( http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/334607-overview ) ( http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/6305/3126/320/paget.jpg ) DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Paget disease is classified as inflammatory disease and congenital disease. Inflammatory disease is
Acute complications occur as a direct consequence from the trauma sustained and include damage to vascular structures, nerves, or soft tissue. Compartment syndrome is an acute complication whereby increasing amount of pressure within the muscle group disrupts the circulation and the function of the tissue (Howe, Eiff, & Grayzel, 2015). Comparatively, delayed complications may occur after treatment has been initiated or in response to treatment. Specific fracture may predispose to severe bleeding and potentially fatal. For example, fracture at neck of femur will injure the femoral artery and causes the patient to have massive bleeding (Tornetta, Kain, Creevy, 2007).
Degradation of fibrin is termed fibrinolysis. The fibrinolytic pathway is a complex physiological pathway controlled by action of a series of cofactors, inhibitors, receptors. Dysregulation of this pathway is associated with different pathologies (e.g. coagulopathies, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) or congenital bleeding disorders). Degradation of fibrin is performed by serine protease plasmin, which is present in blood as a proenzyme, plasminogen, and needs to be activated by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase.
Other parents want to protect their children from experiencing or even knowing about unhappy or unpleasant events so they decide to tell them very little about the actual reasons for the divorce. There are parents that tell their children too much about the causes of the divorce. When a parent is hurt they often want someone to talk to, so they talk to their child. This is not necessary, especially if the child is very young because they feel that they have been told that information so they would be against the other parent. Children want their parents to talk to them about the divorce but this has to be to some extent.
Name: Horner 's syndrome Overview: The syndrome of Horner is a neuro-ophthalmological that develops after an interruption of nerve fibers nice ranging from the hypothalamus to eye. Possible damage to the central level that causes this syndrome is the lesion, compression or ischemia of the brain stem. Other conditions that determine the Horner syndrome is syringomyelia and some cancers marrow or brain (eg. neuroblastoma). Interruptions devices, however, can result from head and neck trauma, cervical lymphadenopathy, lung tumors Pancoast, aortic dissection or carotid artery and thoracic aortic aneurysm.
I have learnt that concussion is a brain injury that is caused by a direct blow to the head or an indirect blow to the body. The human brain is a very fragile organ that basically floats inside the skull.Cognitive problems after concussion includes headaches, concentration issues, memory problems and impaired mood. It was really sad to watch Mike Webster who was the ironman of the Steeler not being able to finish sentences during an interview and not being able to express himself. Personally, I think that this segment is sign of a symptom of a concussion. The two potentional congitive impacts of concussions are chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and paranoid disorder.
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et
It is one of the most mysterious disorders in medicine. According to author Hannah C. Kinney in the article, “The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome”, SIDS is the leading cause of post neonatal infant death in the United States. Kinney also states that, “SIDS has been substantially demystified by major advances in our understanding of its relationship to sleep and homeostasis, environmental and genetic risk factors, and biochemical and molecular abnormalities.” Sleep position is an immense factor to SIDS and with certain positions it can cut an infant’s chance of SIDS in half. If a neonatal sleeping position is belly down it can restrict them of turning their head, due to them not being fully muscularly developed or not having the reflexes to do so. The best way for a baby to sleep is on his back, a baby who is placed on his/her side can roll over on his stomach, which can smother the infant.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.