Social stratification otherwise caste is a way that society is graded and classified the people in a hierarchical way. Following main factors are involved in social stratification caste, class, sex, and ethnic background. Sociologists says that social stratification is a normal scenario in each society. There are various kinds of social stratification systems all around the world. The class systems are based on individual achievement and social mobility is the foundation of the class system.
The Not So Happily Ever After Essay Sexism is defined as prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women on the basis of sex. People tend to not see this issue as a big problem only because most people were raised to believe that this is a man’s world and there is no changing that idea. In fact, more women tend to receive more degrees than men. Yet, on average, women continue to earn considerably less than men. In 2014, female full-time workers made only 79 cents for every dollar earned by men, a gender wage gap of 21 percent (IWPR).
Another example of racial discrimination is shown through annual income. For instance, African American men that work full time and year round have merely 72 percent of the average earnings of white men that work full time and year round. This shows that there is clearly a correlation between race and income. This is commonly referred to as a “wage gap”. For African American women versus Caucasian women, the ratio is eighty-five
However, the issues and complications surrounding the problem are not as black and white as the media would like it to appear to be. Regardless of this, there are many theories explaining why women are paid less than their male counterparts. As a bit of background, women account for about half of all managerial positions, but only 17 percent are in CEO or executive positions. Because of this, many question whether or not a “glass ceiling” is created for the potential that a woman can reach in her career, and therefore effecting the numbers. If more men are in higher paying jobs, then naturally the statistics are going to be skewed in favor of the them.
In fact, women are poorer than men in all racial and ethnic groups. There are factors that contribute to these alarming rates of poverty. One factor is that women are paid less than men. Nationally, women earn less than their male counterparts even if they have the same qualification, and work the same amount of hours. Current statistics suggest that women who work full time only make 77 percent of what men make.
For Women in America, Equality Is Still an Illusion Did you know? Women account for 60% of the world’s hunger. 62 million girls are denied education around world. In the United States poverty rates are higher for women than men. Women with full-time jobs still earn only about 77 percent of their male counterparts’ earnings.
Social identities play a significance role in the United States of America. Social identities have been in existence even in the past ages, and this also is the case in the United States of America. This paper will look at the significance if social identities in America’s past by looking at how United States treated and valued people historically, if American looked favorably in the social identities and the reason behind that and the paper will also look at why Americans believed that those social distinctions mattered. In the America, the most significant social identities which have been there are race social identity and religion social identity. Historically, the people of the United States have had strong beliefs and norms in these social identities.
Universal means, that there is social stratification in every society. However, the degree of inequality varies from society to society. 4. Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well. This can be seen by the fact that inequality is accepted in the society.
The bourgeoisie are the owners of means of production such as factories and other businesses. He believed that the wealth of the bourgeoisie depend on the work that the proletariat carried out, meaning that without the proletariats there won’t be wealth for the bourgeoisies. Marx refers to proletariats as laborers who do not get any piece of what they produce rather they are obliged to give everything they produce to the capitalist, the bourgeoisies. Both Weber and Marx believe that stratification results to inequality in a way that the rich will forever remain rich and the poor will remain poor. (Marx&
“The reason we have classes is due to a group sharing a common interest and economic position” (McIntosh, 1997:133). Class is determined on possession of wealth; together with the occupation are the principal bases for class difference. The main classes in Western societies are the upper class who was the wealthy, employers and factory owner, the middle class who were white collar workers and professionals and the lower class who were the ones in the blue-collar or manual jobs. In the developed countries there was also a fourth class, the peasants who were occupied in traditional types of agricultural production. The most well-known and important theories of class are those developed by Karl Marx and Max Weber.