They raised funds, held rallies, composed legal tactics, and decided to run two test cases. The first test case was thrown out by Judge Ferguson. Daniel Desdunes, a black man, boarded a white-only train car in Louisiana headed for Mobile, Alabama. He was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act of 1890 but the case went nowhere because he was not traveling within Louisiana state lines. Homer Plessy, the second test case, was chosen for his ability to look white enough to gain access to the train but black enough to be arrested and his travel would be within state
Ferguson (U.S. Supreme Court, 1896) 1. Facts: -The plaintiff, Plessy, was a mixed race Louisiana resident with mostly Caucasian descent and “one-eighth African blood” (p. 1). -Plessy considered himself to be rightfully allowed the same rights as those who were White and purchased a first class ticket for a train, therefore sitting with White passengers. -When it was learned that Plessy was of mixed race, he was thrown off the train and immediately arrested and put in jail. -He was convicted of violating a law that justified the separation of races on trains.
Finch mainly talks about if the roles were switched as a ‘black man in a white man 's world’ white men are mainly chosen because of their complexion and believed white men hold more power. Even though Tom Robinson was innocent he still was wrongly accused, then apon going to prison Tom Robinson was later shot 17 times. One would think if he was breaking rules 1 bullet would take care of things, but 17 shots is clearly a act on hate and racism. Another quote that helps determine how Lee used Robinson to expose the truth about the justice system is, "Tom Robinson 's a colored man, Jem. No jury in this part of the world 's going to say 'We think you 're guilty, but not very ' on a charge like that.
Henry David Thoreau’s essay “Resistance to Civil Government” was published in the year 1849 succeeding a night spent in jail for not complying to pay his taxes. Thoreau’s purpose for writing the essay was to impel people to not support or accept the government's stance on situations if they disagreed with the government's position. In Thoreau’s case one of these issues was The Mexican-american war. His opposition to the war was one of the main ideas in Thoreau’s essay. He protested the government’s war the by not paying his taxes which landed him a night in jail.
In President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress on December 6,1830, it was said “Cherokee nation occupies its own territory and no Georgia citizens have the right to enter” (Worcester). The Indians had the right to keep their land but president Jackson took their land away. The Indians also had their rights being violated by the government in other ways. In America History of our Nation their rights were also being violated because the government had a law signed forcing the Creeks to give up most of their land (page 357). Their rights were again being violated, showing another reason why the Indian Removal Act should not have been
Boxing heavyweight champion, Jack Johnson was seen as a threat to America's social, political and economic hierarchy. He broke this status quo, and America’s racism could not contain Johnson's individualism, his self-determination, and willingness to break the deeply held social constructs of that backward time. At the turn of the century, when white supremacy was grasping with the simple idea of free black individuals, they passed laws to incriminate only certain minorities known as Jim Crow laws. These laws targeted black people, to try and keep them under slavish conditions, and Johnson certainly did not play by those same rules or laws. Johnson’s rise to fame could be seen as a deterioration of the white system; especially as he was quickly
Racism, a factor in Rodney's verdict, an all white jury decided on a black man's fate against four LAPD white officers who tenderized him. They wasn’t a moment where any of Rodney's thought or ideas were taken into account or justified. Racism relates to collective behavior in 1992, because blacks do not agree with the treatment or verdict of how Rodney was being treated, it is a form of Structural strain because racism was the underlying problem that created this negative situation. They wanted to defend and retaliate, they want their rights to be heard which caused them to act out in such a rash
An unjust law is “a code that is out of harmony with the moral law.” So any law that degrades human personality is unjust. King was put into jail for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. Everything in Alabama was segregated, whether in schools, bathrooms, churches, or buses the blacks were always separated from the whites. Blacks faced a lot of discrimination during that time and they went about trying to solve this injustice the nonviolent way by protesting. Yet they were arrested, this essay was written to try to make an unjust law just.
In those times, Blacks were known as a “Second Class Citizens’’. They thought they needed them to keep the communities separated. They didn’t want any of them to have any rights and didn’t want them to equal. In the book “ To Kill a Mockingbird ” by Harper Lee, is alot of examples of the Jim Crow laws. In Tom Robinson’s trial, the court room was divided, colored people sat in the balcony (Lee 187).
The “Plessy V. Ferguson” case is a very important case in U.S. history and U.S. civil rights, as it legalized segregation for decades. Homer Plessy appeared to a white man living a Louisiana, but he was ⅛ black, which was considered black in Louisiana. When Plessy tried to board a “whites only” railroad car in protest of Louisiana's “Separate Car Act” that legally separated train cars, he was arrested when he refused to move to colored car on the train. Once the case went through both district and state courts, it moved up to the U.S. Supreme Court where Plessy and his attorney argued that the law ostracized the colored people from the white, which would be unconstitutional. This was known as the “Plessy V. Ferguson” case.
King was thrown in jail for disobeying a junction that his group was not allowed in. During his time there he wrote a letter to the Birmingham Jail accusing his own people. Regardless who was at fault, it was unconstitutional for the judge to tell this group of African Americans that it was illegal to speak their mind due to the first amendment. In his “I Have a Dream” speech he wrote to the white legislators justifying his actions. He understood that his group was in fact breaking the law.
Beginning with different train cars to separate race, Homer Plessy sat in a car that was for whites only. He was challenged and harassed by the conductor, then later arrested for breaking the law. The majority vote was that they could not put the races together. It wasn 't until later that the segregation under state law was ended, but the judgment wasn 't an immediate response for Plessy. Segregation led to whites and blacks not being able to marry.
Even with the numerous consequences that would come with my chosen responses, I wouldn 't change them for the world. The American government mistakenly considered those who were deemed disloyal a threat to the United States. Because of that, the obvious red flag to answering no and no, respectively, to Questions 27 and 28 on the loyalty questionnaire, was being separated from the other inmates and isolated at a concentration camp called Tule Lake. The conditions at Tule Lake were filthy and overcrowded, and riots and protests were commonplace. Those who protested against their imprisonment were often sent to federal jail.
Furthermore, Jim Crow laws protected the practice of segregation. Managers of many businesses refused to serve African Americans. According to John Lewis, author of Walking in the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement, Fueling this wave of racial ill-treatment was the U.S. Supreme Court 's ruling in the Civil Rights Cases (1883) that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional. The Court now held that the Fourteenth Amendment prohibited unequal treatment by state authorities but not by private businesses. Therefore, facilities like the Woolworths store and S. H. Kress & Co. could decide whether or not they would serve African Americans.
The south raging about segregation and “separate but equal” slogan used to make the segregated group feel as if there is no wrong doing, or no violations of their civil rights. All of the controversy started over the railroad cars that existed before segregation was brought to the forefront. Meanwhile, in New Orleans there was a case pushing for a challenge, known as Plessy v. Ferguson. Homer Plessy, an African American man, refused to move from a white only car to a colored car. In all disappointment the case was rule eight to one in Supreme Court.