It is a very fun way of learning, while it is also educational. Montessori has many perks to its system, including being able to work in a group with other students, or working on your own. Also, students have been proven to do better in some subjects, compared to non-Montessori students. According to Samarrai, "Among the 5-year olds, Montessori students proved to be significantly better prepared for elementary school in reading and math skills than the non-Montessori children (par. 9)."
Shininger (2006) embarked on a study to determine the benefits of using the STAD technique in a middle school mathematics classroom. He found that Students Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) increases academic achievement and improves students' self-esteem as learners and their social interactions with their peers. Weaver (2006) investigated the benefits of cooperative learning in the mathematics classroom in secondary school. He found that cooperative learning is useful for learning mathematics in high school. The students who were exposed to cooperative learning seemed to have higher score on the tests and have positive attitude towards mathematics.
Assigning modest amounts of homework to students is an efficient way to develop such skills and prepare them for the rigors of post-secondary schooling. Firstly, in order to complete their homework, students must employ time-management skills, an ability applicable to not only the academic world but professional and private spheres as well. Additionally, since students typically would rather do anything other than homework, the completion of assignments builds students’ self-discipline and motivation. “Homework plays a critical, long-term role in the development of children’s achievement motivation. Homework provides children with time and experience to develop positive beliefs about achievement, as well as strategies for coping with mistakes, difficulties, and setbacks” (Bempechat).
This paper seeks to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of standardized testing. It will achieve this by describing the advantages and disadvantages of standardized testing for both students and teachers. Research shows that standardized testing instruments are reliable and dependable, meaning that there are several advantages linked to the use of standardized tests in schools for both teachers and students (Nelson, Palonsky, & McCarthy, 2010). Firstly, the standardized testing instruments yield students’ tests results that provide teachers with quantifiable data and information, including learners’ scores and proficiency, among other aspects.
(1998) states that it is important that both teachers use their training, skills, and perspectives in an equal way to create a balanced program that is effective. I believe the detailed core subject knowledge of the regular education teacher along with the requirements that the school district sets are very important factors that the regular education teacher can help assist the special education teacher with developing a plan for working with the students that need extra help. I believe that because most individuals may not be that adept in math, the core knowledge that the regular education math teacher has will be very beneficial when it comes to helping to augment lessons for individuals that need extra help without losing content meaning. It is so important for the two teachers to co-teach and work together as equals because if a good working relationship is not developed, then the special education teacher will simply be in the regular classroom working as a teacher assistant, which would not make for a productive teaching relationship. The immediate effect of an unproductive co-teaching relationship will be greatly noticed in the way the students fail to make
Sanders and Sheldon (2009) claim that partnership and cooperation between homes and schools are important when it comes to Mathematics because how the parents socialise their children can greatly affect their children’s self-perception of their own ability and achievement. According to studies, children’s self-concept of their Math ability is more closely related to how their parents perceive their ability rather than the actual grades obtained (Sanders and Sheldon, 2009; Glasgow and Whitney, 2009; Bleeker and Jacobs, 2004). Bleeker and Jacobs (2004) claim these psychological effects to be important, since other evidence suggests that children’s self-perceptions influence their later carrier decisions. Olatoye & Agbatogun (2009) report that the findings of their study on the effects of parental involvement as a correlate of achievement in mathematics and science show that parental involvement is an important predictor of mathematics and science achievement in schools. Parental involvement at school (e.g.
Students remembered more of what they learned in discovery learning activities than traditional activities. D.W Chamber (1971) did a study that compared Discovery Learning with over learning. Over learning is a traditional method of drill and practice in which students practice a skill many times. Chambers found that students learning method were better at transferring what they had learned than those who learned the concept through Discovery Learning. This study is greatly flawed due to the topic the students were learning which was rote memorization of math facts.
They also need to be familiar with young children’s social, emotional, and moral development, all of which are relevant to mathematical development.The overwhelming majority of work on teacher quality has examined the relationshipbetween teacher characteristics and learners participation at the individual and schoollevel. Hanushek (2000) in his research with regard to teacher education and experience,foundthatmajority of the cases estimated coefficient are statistically insignificant.Experience can be seen as a reliable prediction of a person’s ability to handle a certain job. According to Irumbi (1990) teaching experience is frequently included as a variable in Educational research. Kimani (1991) found out that mathematics teaching and experience and mathematics grade achieved in primary teacher examination were significantly related, the assumption being that those with high grades will be
Introduction Advocates of Participatory Teaching attribute a range of advantages to it. Among them are that PT promotes a deep approach to learning, encourages higher order thinking, foster self-directed learning and increases collaborative interaction between students and teachers . Most research on PT however, has focused largely on improvement of student learning outcomes or achievements instead of other skills. Such studies have tended to define student achievement narrowly in terms of academic progress measured through test scores at the expense of other equally important learning outcomes (Newman 2003) . Other qualities or learning outcomes such as problem solving, communication skills and teamwork are generally less examined in relation to PT in the research literature.
DIGITIZED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN MATHEMATICS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING Context and Rationale (POSITIVE IN THEME) An Instructional material is a device developed or acquired to assist or facilitate teachers in transmitting, organized knowledge, skills and attitude to the learners within an instructional situation. It is an indispensable tool in the teaching and learning process. Learners learned best if teachers present materials for active learning. Studies has shown that inadequate use or lack of instructional materials negates the objective of teaching. Moreover, it is also observed that participation of learners and their performances in classroom is affected, if it does not totally depend, on the use of instructional materials.