The Feminist Theory Of Marxism

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Marxism is a comprehensive theory that straddles the social, economic and political spheres. In effect, Marxism is holistic in its approach and considers all three of these fields to be interrelated, and they need to be understood in context of each other (Baylis et al., 2014, 143). It is based on the works of Karl Marx, and other notable authors that contributed to the Marxist theory framework, including Hegel, Engels, Hobson, Lenin and Gramsci. Karl Marx explains politics and social reality in the context of capitalism. He believes that historical development must be understood in light of the historical developments of modes of production (Chigora & Ziso, 2010, 90). Therefore, understanding contemporary political and social issues requires understanding the current mode of production: the capitalist system. Every mode of production knows a systematic abusing class and abused class (landowners and serfs, slave owners and slaves, …), resulting in class struggle (Pease, 2014, 80). In the current capitalistic mode of production, those would be respectively capital owners, or the bourgeoisie, and wageworkers, or the proletariat. For Marx, every mode of production contains contradictions that lead to their collapse. He states capitalism knows mainly three interrelated contradictions: concentration of capital, overproduction and falling rate of profit (Pease, 2014, 80-82). Hobson and Lenin inextricably link imperialism, and by extension war and conflict, to capitalism (Pease,
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