The theory is known as the conflict theory or the Marxist theory or Marxism, which is more concerned about the class struggle within the society, and how capitalism is not healthy for any society. Therefore, within the context of this essay, a close analysis on Karl Marx’s concept of capitalism will be conducted, specifically in relation to two of the main social problems. The main focus will be on how capitalism have an impact on the persistence of inequality and poverty within different societies, whether in a positive or negative manner. Bearing that in mind, most aspects of Marx’s concept of capitalism will be weighed in regards to the impact of the concept on the two issues, namely; inequality and poverty. A thorough analysis and evaluation will be carried out throughout this essay.
However, they were still divided by geography, competition and disorganization. So, when they did finally come together naturally they were under the influence of the bourgeois. There is always some kind of class conflict, which should simply be replaced by Communism says Marx. Historically, the bourgeoisie has always played an important yet revolutionary role in society. They have changed a various amount of occupations into wage laboring professions.
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of most property in common which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Key Proponents Karl Marx, Fredrik Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky. Robert Owen, Pierre Leroux, Karl Marx, Fredrick Engels, John Stuart Mill, Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, Thorstein Veblen, Emma Goldman. Concept of State According to Marxian point of view, communism regards state as a negative institution that has been instrumental in the exploitation of the oppressed classes at the hands of the wealthy classes. Thus, communism wants to abolish state structure after attaining the goal of classless society.
The preconditions of capitalism can be understood as the requirements for Marxism - what formulates the views of Marxism – due to Marx working hard to create a theory for the capitalist economy. By discussing the key concepts of Marxism, the preconditions of communism are being addressed, and when described complimentary to the contradictions of a capitalist society, the topic becomes more easily understandable. Karl Marx was a multifaceted man but was popularly known as an economist, political scientist, and one of the men who helped bring about communism (Heywood; 2013; 41). Marx observed society in any possible way he found that he could and through this,
The body of work produced by Karl Marx during his life in the eighteenth century is primarily an explication of the Capitalist mode of production. Through his development of a thorough analysis of the workings of the system, Marx delved into the structures of the economic system and found it to be inherently qualified by contradictions. It is the aim of this essay to present the structures, as extant in Marx’s analysis, and subsequently examine what these contradictions are and how they operate in the function and dysfunction of Capitalist society. The analysis will take the form of a detailed exploration of several interpretations of Marx himself, and Marxist thought as it has developed over the last two centuries. Finally, a connection will be drawn between such Marxist analysis and state of the Capitalist system as it exists in the current South African socio-political and economic climate, examined vis-à-vis a contemporary newspaper article, Business rescue for Lily Mine only option, says Solidarity, alluding to such structures and contradictions.
Conflict theories, such as Marxism and feminism focus on power struggles and differences, for example, class conflict, and for the most part question historical ideologies. It is a macro level critique and study of society (Collins, 1971). Many sociologists and thinkers have defined the class in different ways. Marx defined class in terms of the political and economic structures of power, he believed that power came directly from economic and political conditions and the people with power usually exploit the ones without power. He divided society into three classes the bourgeoisie, the petty bourgeoisie and the proletariat (Grant, 2001).
The term class struggle refers to the ideology of Karl Marx, which stated that there would be conflicts of interest between the working class and the ruling class in a capitalist society. Ironically enough techniques like the Brechtian forms mentioned above, was abetted or supported elites and social scientists whose interests were mainly on forms that posed threat to power
Marx thought that social stratification is created by the unequal access to the productive properties. The capitalist or also called the bourgeoisie, exploit their workers by only paying them as much as necessary to scratch a living. The workers are not aware of their invidious position as they take the ideologies, norms and values which the capitalists promotes, for granted. Marx predicted a revolution of the workers. He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism.
This essay will compare and contrast the aspirations and opinions of the Marxist and feminist ideologies, both of which continue to have a meaningful impact upon modern politics. At its simplest Marxism is a political ideology which aims to build from the critical analysis of the philosopher Karl Marx. The Marxist view of capitalism is that through the operation of the economy, the masses (workers) are exploited by the ruling class (capitalists) via profit, which is seen as theft. A strong proponent of this stance was the philosopher Friedrich Engels who stated, “all past history was the history of class struggles; that these warring classes of society are always the products of the modes of production and of exchange.” (Engles, 1877), developed
 Modern bourgeois society, with relations of production, of exchange of property.  A society that has conjured up such gigantic means of production and exchange, is like the sorcer who is no longer able to control the powers of nether world whom he has calld up by his spells. (D 'Amato, 2006.) 2. Marxian analysis The Marxian analysis begins with an analysis of material conditions and the economic activities required to satisfy society’s material needs.