Malaria is a very common disease affecting people all around the world. It has been a life threatening problem since 2700 BC. There are over 100 countries at risk for Malaria transmission, nearly half the world’s population, 3.3 billion. It is especially life threatening in Africa, where 20% of childhood deaths are due to malaria. Additionally, out of the 250 million cases each year, there are around one million deaths.
D. If any of you don’t know malaria is caused by a group of microorganisms: Plasmodia, very weird microorganisms that consist of just a single-cell, they’re parasites that completely rely on mosquitoes. II. Main Body A. Malaria always starts with an insect bite. 1. In its salivary glands, thousands of sporozoites wait until the insect penetrates your skin, immediately after invading you they head for the liver, where they quietly enter big cells and hide from the immune system.
Background: Plasmodium falciparum malaria is one of the major health problems in many tropical countries including India and due to increase in the drug resistance in India the incidence of complicated malaria has increased. Objectives: To study the renal complications of malaria. Methods: 50 malaria positive cases with clinical renal disease were prospectively observed clinically and by laboratory investigations till the discharge. Results: Among the 50 malaria positive cases 41(82 %) patients had pl.falciparum infection ,4(8%) had p.vivax and 5(10%) had mixed infections. P.falciparum and mixed infection found to be responsible for ARF in 25 (89.28%), 3(10.70%) respectively.
INTRODUCTION Giardia Lamblia is a protozoan parasite. About 200 million people had infected in the world but this value just an estimate since that only 500 000 of new cases reported in a year. Previously, higher prevalence of occurance in the developing countries (20% and 30%) compare to developed countries (2% and 5%) (Wilson, 1984; Farthing, 1994).. Malaysia was considered as the developing country. Giardia lamblia may infect human through ingesting of it cysts. Hence, people with low hygiene and contaminated water supply have high risk of being infected.
(2004, August 24). Retrieved September 30, 2017, from https://www.unicef.org/media/media_20475.html References Ayele, D. G., Zewotir, T. T., & Mwambi, H. G. (2012). Prevalence and risk factors of malaria in Ethiopia. Retrieved September 30, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3473321/ African Health Observatory “Analytical summary- Malaria.” (n.d.) Retrieved September 30, 2017, from https://www.aho.afro.who.int/profiles_information/indexphp/Ethiopia:Analytical_summary_-_Malaria CDC Global Health- Ethiopia (2016, April 11). Retreived October 1, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/countries/ethiopia Skolnik, R. (2012).
Thrombocytopenia is also common in malaria patients. It is common in the early stages of infection. It is normally caused by coagulation disturbances, platelet destruction by macrophages, anti-body mediated platelet destruction and platelet aggregation. Although common symptoms of thrombocytopenia include haemorrhagic incidents, this is rare in malaria and is only normally seen in conjunction with disseminated intravascular coagulation
There is a clear definition of roles and responsibilities across all the sectors. The programme is aimed at providing Insecticide Treated Nets, Intermittent Preventive Therapy, Indoors Residual Spray, larval source management and diagnosis and treatment of uncomplicated and severe malaria at free of charge. The National Malaria Elimination Strategic Plan 2014 – 2020 was designed to improve on the universal coverage for ITNs, scale up indoor residual spraying, malaria case management, Intermittent Preventive Treatment for pregnant women (IPTp), Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization (ACSM), monitoring and evaluation. The programme
It is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite. Myrtaceae family. It is the myrtle family, a family of dicotyledonous plants placed within the order Myrtales. Phytotheraphy. It is the use of plant extract for medicinal purpose.
LITERATURE REVIEW Repellents and Treated Fabrics Researchers in the 1960’s from the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit conducted a comparative efficacy test of Diethyltoluamide skin-application and M-1960 impregnated-clothing against mosquitoes in the nipah palm-mangrove swamps of Malaya (30). In this study, it was shown that the combination of skin repellent and clothing treatment provided the best protection against mosquito bites. Use of skin repellent was effective at preventing bites to the skin but this resulted in an increase in mosquitoes landing on the untreated uniform and biting through it. Solely treating the uniform with repellent had a similar effect, driving the mosquitoes to the unprotected skin areas. This experiment required