Plasmodium Essays

  • Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Case Study

    1066 Words  | 5 Pages

    Background: Plasmodium falciparum malaria is one of the major health problems in many tropical countries including India and due to increase in the drug resistance in India the incidence of complicated malaria has increased. Objectives: To study the renal complications of malaria. Methods: 50 malaria positive cases with clinical renal disease were prospectively observed clinically and by laboratory investigations till the discharge. Results: Among the 50 malaria positive cases 41(82 %) patients

  • Malaria Disease In Nigeria

    1569 Words  | 7 Pages

    KNOWLEDGE ON THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH MALARIA INFECTION IN AFRICA. Many have asked; what is Malaria. I say it is the leading cause of death in the world. However,Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite’ according to Peter Lam from Medical News today. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Once an infected mosquito bites a human, most especially from dusk to dawn, the parasites multiply in the host's liver

  • Malia Cycle: The Malaria Cycle

    1726 Words  | 7 Pages

    PATHOLOGICAL CYCLE GENERAL PATHOLOGY ASSIGNMENT B. VAN NUGTEREN DUE DATE: 7 SEPTEMBER 2015 SUBMISSION DATE: 12 APRIL 2015 MIKAYLA VAN WELIE 201470536   Table of Contents Introduction 3 Malaria Cycle In The Body 3 Characteristics Of Plasmodium Falciparum 3 Cytoadherence 3 Innate Immune Response 4 Specific Immune Response 4 Complications 4 Cerebral Malaria 4 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) 5 Kidney Function 5 Liver Function

  • Essay On Diarrhoea

    797 Words  | 4 Pages

    Diarrhoea is the second leading cause of death among children under five years worldwide accounting for about 1.5 million deaths each year (UNICEF &WHO, 2009). Being a disease that occurs mainly in areas with poor water supply, hygiene, and sanitation, acute gastroenteritis is a common illness among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Children under five years in this region experience on average five diarrhoeal episodes every year (Boschi-pinto, 2009). In Kenya, diarrhea is the third leading cause of

  • Disadvantages Of Trypanosomiasis

    1008 Words  | 5 Pages

    Trypanosomes are microscopic single-celled parasites, which are part of the Trypanosoma Genus, belonging to the Trypanosomatidae Class of the Kingdom Protista. Multiple species of this parasite exist, with different species infecting different vertebrates. Trypanosomes usually transmitted by insect vectors. Infection with this parasite is known as trypanosomiasis - this disease occurs mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is called Sleeping Sickness and in South and Central America, where it is

  • Malaria Control In Ethiopia

    993 Words  | 4 Pages

    Abstract Background: Malaria is one of the main public health problems in Ethiopia with more than three-quarters of the landmass of the country and an estimated 68% of the total population is considered at risk of malaria infection. Ethiopia is undertaking various malaria control strategies that aim to improve access and equity to preventive as well as curative health services, which include quick and valuable malaria treatment options and selective vector control approach like using insecticide-treated

  • Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mefloquine

    1011 Words  | 5 Pages

    so the route of administration is oral although depending on the severity of the infection an enteral (intravenous) route of administration may be considered. Mechanism of action and Elimination Mefloquine has been found to produce swelling of Plasmodium falciparum food vacuoles. It may also act by forming toxic complexes with free heme that damage membranes and act with plasmodial components. Mefloquine has a half-life of 33 days and the steady state is reached with a weekly dose of 7 weeks and

  • A Short Summary Essay On Malaria

    1475 Words  | 6 Pages

    life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes called "malaria vector". There are four parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and two of these species are P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat. Plasmodium falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally. Plasmodium vivax is the dominant malaria

  • Malaria Negative Impact

    1008 Words  | 5 Pages

    The parasite that causes malaria to start is a Plasmodium falciparum. Firstly, Malaria has a negative impact on the society. Malaria is a sickness that is transferred by insects, such as mosquitoes. The mosquito carries the disease from one human to another (acting as a "vector"). Differently from the human host, the mosquito vector does not suffer from the presence of the parasites. There are 4 types of malaria and the most frequent one is : Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae

  • Malaria Life Cycle

    716 Words  | 3 Pages

    Malaria is a contagious disease caused by five different Plasmodium parasites that have similar life cycles.1 These parasites have a complex life cycle that requires an insect vector most commonly female Anopheles mosquito and a human host. The life cycle of the malaria parasite is composed of human stages and mosquito stages.2 The discovery of the first stage during which the parasites develop in the liver before entering the blood stream was done by Henry Shortt and Cyril Garnham in 1948. In

  • Essay On Snake Bite

    979 Words  | 4 Pages

    Snake bite is one of the medical emergencies most commonly reported from the developing countries of the tropical region. Snake bite is major public health hazard and neglected tropical disease in India[16].The estimated annual death due to snake bite in India is nearly 50,000 persons. Persistent efforts thus have been made to make it a notifiable disease in the south-east asia region(SEAR) of the WHO[17]. This study explores the profile of 328 snake bite victims and analyzed their socio-demographic

  • Zika Virus Research Paper

    1130 Words  | 5 Pages

    Abstract: This research paper is going to demonstrate the outbreak, effects, means of transmission, and treatment of Zika virus disease. Zika virus disease is mosquito-borne flavivirus, meaning it primarily spreads through infected mosquito bites. Through research, we discovered that the Zika virus originated from an experiment that was held on subjects about yellow fever. Zika virus cases have been reported in many countries. However, it is mainly found in the tropical regions. The wide-spread

  • Essay On Sleeping Sickness

    1664 Words  | 7 Pages

    I. Introduction African Trypanosomiasis, also referred to as sleeping sickness, is a very common infectious disease transmitted by vectors in many different African countries. (1) African Trypanosomiasis is caused by a protozoa species called Trypanosoma brucei, which is a type of parasitic disease that affects both humans and other types of species and animals. (2) This disease is most common in rural areas, spread by the tsetse fly (Glossina genus). (3) The reason to this is that rural populations

  • Malaria Literature Report

    2113 Words  | 9 Pages

    Figure 1 : Plasmodium falciparum life cycle in female anopheline mosquito and human host depicting the different stages and their duration. Available at http:/www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Malaria.htm. - 5 - CHAPTER ONE Background Information Plasmodium falciparum is the main cause of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and Kenya. Malaria is a major public health problem in developing tropical countries with high morbidity and mortalities in children under 5 years and pregnant women (WHO, 2014). It is

  • The Four Major Causes Of Malaria

    1333 Words  | 6 Pages

    different types of plasmodia that cause malaria they include: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale. Malaria is endemic in Africa, Asia, Latin America, India and Pakistan (Martinez-Groin et.al 2008). Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for most of the high date rate and occurrence of the disease (Snow et.al 2005) followed by Plasmodium vivax (Guerra et.al 2010). The life cycle of the plasmodium is divided into two; the asexual stage which occurs in

  • Malaria Transmission In Africa

    1647 Words  | 7 Pages

    Malaria is the most common disease in third world countries with a tropical climate; the disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood

  • Sickle Cell Anaemia Lab Report

    732 Words  | 3 Pages

    in haemoglobin which causes haemoglobin to not form properly. This anaemia is a recessive gene and when an individual is a carrier, it provides an advantage against malaria. Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium that is transmitted to humans by an infected Anopheles mosquito through biting. Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease (MNT). Both sickle cell anaemia and malaria

  • Babesiosis Research Paper

    725 Words  | 3 Pages

    Babesiosis is a parasitic enzootic disease that is triggered by the infection of vertebrate erythrocytes with the protozoan Babesia species. Babesiosis is considered one of the most significant tick-borne infectious diseases of both domestic and wild mammals, and when it infects humans, it still poses substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. This condition shares a plethora of clinical features with malaria (one of the most important parasitic diseases) and can be fatal – especially in

  • Malaria Prevention

    846 Words  | 4 Pages

    ntroduction Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by the plasmodium species, which are a group of microorganisms. ("Fighting Malaria"). They are single celled protozoan parasites which are transmitted through the puncture of the female anopheles’ mosquito. Malaria endemic countries are usually tropical and sub-tropical regions, such as Africa, and Asia. (Malar) Malaria is one of the world’s deadliest diseases, affecting those who have very little immunity, such as children, pregnant

  • Essay About Onchocerciasis

    818 Words  | 4 Pages

    Onchocerca volvulus in a nutshell: Onchocerciasis is an infection caused by parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus (Nematoda: filarial worm) spread by black fly. It is also called river blindness because the fly can cause blindness. The world health organization estimates that at least 25 million people are infected and 23 million people live in the areas that put them at risk of being infected. The most likely areas to be infected are Africa in Yemen and in the Middle East. Those most at risk are people