Gender Inequality Between Sexes

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Inequality between the sexes has been a moot point even since the evolution of the modern era. According to UN Women, the definition of gender equality is “the equal rights, responsibilities, and opportunities of women and men, girls and boys”. Gender inequality is a global issue: women lack adequate access to education, are underrepresented in political arenas and different arenas; face discrimination in the workplace and wages. Exponents of gender equality argue that both the sexes should be treated equally. It is not only a fundamental human right but an imperative foundation for a peaceful and prosperous society. The issue of gender inequality has myriad causes such as orthodox beliefs about gender roles.

The United States of America
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Even though the wage gap between both the sexes residue, it has significantly narrowed. In 2015, women earned 83% of what their male counterpart earned (Brown and Patten, 2017). This is a significant difference from 1980’s when women received 60% of what men earned. Women have also made significant advancement in the different industries. For instance, women representation in political arenas has increased. A prime example of this is Hillary Clinton, who was the secretary of state during President Obama’s administration and ran for President of U.S in 2016 presidential election. At present, 307 when held seats in the U.S. Congress, with 20% serving in the Senate and 19.3% serving in the House of Representatives. This is a significant increase from the 1980’s percentage of women representation in politics. President Donald Trump Jr. signed a memorandum promoting STEM education and training for women. Among many reasons, one of the reason is to increase women’s representation in the fields of the…show more content…
The United States recognizes that educational equality for both the sexes is important for the societal development. It adheres to the goals of United Nations and has made significant efforts to ensure educational equality. According to Pew Research Centre, currently far more women obtain a bachelor’s degree than men: 36% compared to 28% for men. Since the 19th century, the percentage of women gaining education has increased. This has led to women’s participation in the workforce to increase. Educational institutes such as schools and universities are female-dominated professions. However, the representation of women in the administration is much lower to men. According to the U.S. Department of education, a higher percentage of teachers from elementary to high school are women
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