Due to the San Andreas fault, the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 made the United States army have a huge role in helping extinguishing the fires, supplying clothes and food for those who lost all of their possessions, impacted the city and people, and shows what could happen to the city and economy in the future. The San Francisco Earthquake is known to be one of the deadliest seismic events in the United States history. At 5:12 am on Wednesday April, 1906 it all happened. The magnitude got up to around a 7.9. The earthquake shook for about 45 seconds with aftershocks (Great San Francisco Earthquake).
An earthquake happens about 50 times a day. That adds up to about 20,000 earthquakes each year (“11 Facts About Earthquakes”)! Many of these earthquakes are so small that they go unnoticed, but on January 26, 2001, one severe, disastrous earthquake struck the village of Gujarat, India, one of the poorest countries in the world. This earthquake knocked down even some of the toughest buildings that were built to withstand earthquakes. In 2001, the most devastating earthquake to strike Gujarat, India happened on a day of jubilation, caused extensive destruction, and lead to the need of many rescue and relief services to the many towns surrounding it.
Additionally, it caused the Boxing Day Tsunami which eventually led to the occurrences of five more tsunamis along the coastlines of Indian sea. Overall, the death toll reached a peak of 100,000 to 225,000 with a damage costs $7 billion dollars worth of rescue operations and casualties. The second deadliest earthquake ever recorded was on January 12, 2010. A 7.3 magnitude level earthquake struck Haiti, a Caribbean Island located in the Americas, where more than 230,000 people were fatally killed and 300,000 injured due to the buildings destruction after collapsing. With these initial casualties, many citizens were forced to leave Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, towards the extremities of the capital.
The tragic day that happened in 2011 was the three part catastrophic events that struck in Japan that had the magnitude of 9.1 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear meltdown that killed several thousands of people that have destroyed many homes. The most damaging areas in Japan that was affected by the tsunami was the Tohoku region or the northeastern Honshu region of Japan. The tsunami has cause the nuclear meltdown in Japan that cause another catastrophic event besides earthquake and tsunami. According to John P. Rafferty and Kenneth Pletcher wrote on their article, “The sudden horizontal and vertical thrusting on the Pacific Plate, which has been slowly advancing under Eurasian Plate near Japan, displaced the water above and spawned a series
The tsunami flooded an estimated area of about 217 square miles (561 square kilometers) in the country, just as people were still bemused from the aftershocks. The waves overlie and wrecked protective tsunami seawalls at numerous locations. The immense outpouring destroyed three-story buildings where people was ushered and had gathered there for safety. That resulted in human death counts to rise up to 16,000 which mostly were drowned, 6000 were injured and approximately 2,500 reported to be missing. Further destroying the towns and villages and flooding areas up to 10 kilometers inland.
The bomb was overly damaging to citizens physically and mentally for generations. It ruined peoples lives in all aspects possible and is a generally unforgivable act made by the United States. The article Hiroshima and Nagasaki shows that out of approximately 245,000 residents of Hiroshima, around 100,000 were killed instantly by the impact of the explosion. An excess of 20,000 people died from other radiation related illnesses. The bomb in Nagasaki claimed another 40,000 lives.
Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Analysis of Safety On 11th March, 2011, Japan experienced an earthquake in the Tōhoku region, of magnitude 9.1 on the Richter Scale. This resulted in a devastating tsunami that affected millions of people. The tsunami also caused three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to malfunction, leading to a nuclear meltdown and release of potentially lethal radioactive material into the surroundings. The Tōhoku Earthquake ranks fourth on the list of all time worst earthquakes in terms of magnitude. As a result, the tidal waves it generated were huge, with the crests reaching up to 15 m in height.
Since the epicentre of the quake was on land no Tsunami occurred. The event was followed by aftershocks for about 17 months. One of the major and devastating aftershock was Christchurch earthquake. At 12.51 pm NZDT on 22 February 2011 an earthquake of magnitude 6.3 again struck the Canterbury region of South island, New Zealand, but this time the earthquake was centred 2 kilometres west of the port town of Lyttelton and 10 kilometres south-east of the centre of Christchurch, New Zealand's second most populous city. The earthquake caused widespread damage to the life and ecology.
The world’s largest earthquake with an instrumentally documented magnitude occurred on May 22, 1960 near Valdivia in southern Chile. It was assigned a magnitude of 9.5 by the United States Geological Survey. It is referred to as the “Great Chilean Earthquake” and the “1960 Valdivia Earthquake”. These disaster can killed many people. Illustration about Earthquake Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault.
In just the past month, Nepal witnessed its two major earthquakes in the Central region of the country. This massive earthquake that hit on 25th April not only affected more than 14 districts of Nepal but managed to shake some parts of India, Bangladesh and China as well. People were often given little warnings about earthquake but this sudden shake has left the nation traumatized. Thousands of people have been killed; others have been left homeless without possessions. This unpredicted wrath of the nature disrupted the lives of thousands of residents.