The Mexican-American War: The Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo

617 Words3 Pages

The Treaty of Guadalupe
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is a historical agreement that marked the end of the Mexican-American War and the transfer of a significant amount of land from Mexico to the United States. The treaty was signed on February 2, 1848, in the town of Guadalupe Hidalgo, located north of Mexico City. This paper will explore the history, context, significance, and implications of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The Mexican-American War was a conflict that lasted from 1846 to 1848 between the United States and Mexico over the territories of Texas and the Rio Grande River. The United States annexed Texas in 1845, and Mexico still considered Texas as part of its territory. The annexation of Texas created tension between the …show more content…

The treaty ceded significant territories from Mexico to the United States, including present-day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, Colorado, and parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. In exchange, the United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million and to assume the claims of American citizens against Mexico for an additional $3.25 million.
The signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had significant implications for both Mexico and the United States. For Mexico, the loss of almost half of its territory was a significant blow to its national pride and its territorial integrity. It also marked the beginning of a long and complicated relationship with the United States, characterized by tensions, conflicts, and cooperation.
For the United States, the treaty represented the largest territorial acquisition in its history, and it paved the way for the westward expansion of the country. The acquisition of new territories brought new economic opportunities, such as mining, agriculture, and ranching. It also fueled debates over slavery and its expansion, which would eventually lead to the American Civil

Open Document