The Pros And Cons Of State Sponsored-Terrorism

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Gus Martin defines state sponsored-terrorism as an official government that supports policies of violence, repression, and intimidation when it is an act committed against an enemy of the state. They pursue such policies by using or creating “unofficial” groups through monetary means to commit a heinous act against an individual or group that is deemed an enemy of the state. (Martin, 71) There are two types of terrorism committed by the state. That of state assistance for terrorism and the other of state patronage for terrorism. In terms of patronage, on the international level this is when the government creates a group to act beyond the scope of the government and its laws and on a domestic level they impact culture and national security to maintain the governments form of “law and order”. Assistance to terrorist groups is more about participation and encouragement of an already established group to take part in the repression, violence and other acts towards an individual or group. In the case of state assistance, they will harbor a group. On the international level, it is one government who aids a group so that they can, in turn, take care of enemies outside the borders of the country. (Martin, 73-76) …show more content…

On the US state government page, they stated that the countries reported as state terrorist are North Korea, Iran, Sudan and Syria. Martin explains sponsors as those who actively promote terrorism, enablers as those who give terrorist organizations a means or space to act out acts of terror and cooperators as those who cooperate and provide to the act of committing terror. (Martin,72) An example of the state patronage model is that of the Syrian Government gave to the Ba’ath party to lead the revolt with the Syrian army against the Muslim Brotherhood as result two movements rose. That of the Free Syrian army and the other the Ba’athist government. (Martin,

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