Early during King Richard II’s reign as king he seemed to be doing great, but he soon took a drastic downward turn. He was betrayed from within his own family. King Richard II was born to be a leader, but his strong presence in the military would eventually become his downfall. To better establish the personal attributes and leadership qualities of King Richard II, his background must first be understood. He was born in England in the year 1367 and ruled England from 1377 to 1399 (Saul, 1997).
Rome to Renaissance Essay What do the sources for this course tell us about the Church and politics in the middle ages. During the Middle Ages, various events caused the Church to become gradually powerful and dominant as it was the only universal European institution. The fall of Rome resulted in the Rise of Christianity. As Rome ceased to be the political centre and was replaced by Milan and Nicomedia, Christianity slowly began to rise to prominence and by 325AD, Christianity was made the preferred religion of the empire. By 380, Christianity became the official religion.
The lack of workers caused this problem. 15.5 million young men were sent to the the army to fight, which halved the number of workers in the fields and factories. Almost six-hundred factories had to shut down because they did not have enough workers (Brooman 16) Also The superior German army which was lead better, trained ahead, and had more supplies, was intimidatingly effective against the poorly-equipped Russian forces. By the end of October 1916, Russia had lost around 1.6 and 1.8 million soldiers, with an further two million prisoners of war and one million missing as a total of nearly five million men. These were enormous losses.
Today I will prove to you that through being an exceptional leader in education, government Charlemagne was one of the best rulers of the Middle Ages. Before we discuss the accomplishments of Charlemagne, let’s take a look at his early life. Charlemagne was born to Pepin the Short and Bertrade in northern Europe, though his exact birthplace is unknown to scholars and historians. In 741 Pepin, who was the mayor of the palace, and in 751 he removed from office the last Merovingian king and was made king of the Franks, a powerful Germanic tribe that lived in the region today known as France. Little is known about Charlemagne 's childhood.
Karl Marx Karl Marx was an innovative thinker and one of the most important philosophers of the 19th century, whose ideas are still being used and studied today. It was Marx’s philosophies and theories that would later inspire Joseph Stalin to initiate the Russian Revolution, even though Marx’s theories were largely ignored and described as useless during his lifetime. He was such an influential person that a book would later be published in 1997 with Marx portraying one of the most important characters. Prior to his involvement in politics and economics, Marx was an opinionated philosophy student. Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818, to Henrietta and Heinrich Marx.
There were many problems surrounding Russia and its political system. Tsar Nicholas II was Russia’s leader but a very poor one at that. He was the cause for many of Russia’s problems including the failures in the Russo-Japanese war and World War I. When Russia first entered World War I they fared well until after some bad advice Nicholas II sought control of the army and led them to another abysmal defeat. By the end of Russia’s involvement he was sending poorly trained and ill-equipped men into battle and was losing the confidence and backing of the Russian army.
The sovereign state in Russia developed under the influence of Ivan the Great (III) and Ivan the Terrible (IV), who are known as the two key figures in the process of centralization. When Ivan III began/started his reign Moscow had become the political and religious centre of Russia (Dukes, 1998, p.42). One of the major contributions in the centralization process were made by Ivan the Great since he took part in the ingathering process of Russian lands and thus, expanded and centralize the Muscovite state and consequently ended the period of Appanage Rus (Ziegler, 1999). He conquered new territories and distributed these to loyal army officers which in return had to support him in military campaigns; accordingly with this. In 1480 Ivan ended
Finally , collectivization was not successful at all knowing that the countryside was crumbling apart and even in areas where collectivization had been proved successful , peasants were unfamiliar with those methods and left starving while the food was exported to cities or abroad to finance industrialization . Consequenlty , it was a failure for both peasants and Stalin . Firstly , the food production went down and famine ( 1932-1933 ) led to millions of death , the peasants from the countryside vanished and went to cities looking for jobs and kulaks by 1934 were all gone which Stalin wanted to get rid off since they were anti-communist also any died in Kazakhstan and Ukraine one of Russia’s wealthiest agricultural region . In overall , Stalin still attained his aim by having organized collectivization and having the grain supply needed for industrialization and managed to export for finance so it proved to be successful to a limited extent and over a short period of time
After only three years of war, Russia had 4,950,000 wounded soldiers, and over 1,700,000 casualties. By the war’s end, Russia had weakened their international relations, shrunk their grain, coal and oil industries, and due to the millions of casualties, left women as the primary caretakers and providers for their families. Nearly every aspect of Russian economy and society had completely deteriorated which ultimately led to the Russian Revolution, and it began in March of 1917. Known as the February Revolution, it marked the beginning of the nine month revolution that would dismantle the functionality of the country for decades after. It took place in Petrograd, the Russian capital at the time, and was supported by 90,000 men and women on strike.