Through this interaction children will begin to gather knowledge and experiences that will enhance their cognitive development. Without play children will learn certain concepts yet, children need play to develop and make sense of the knowledge they are
Understanding the rationales of cognitive perspective helps an individual to interact with children in a better way. It is very important for a child to develop a proper cognitive ability from a young age. By understanding the rationales of cognitive development, one is able to know what to expose the children to as they develop. Also, one knows how to advise the parents of the children on the various methods of handling their children. Once one acquires this skills they are able to distinguish the different types of children and know exactly how to handle each of them.
a teacher. The zone of proximal development is based on the idea of comparing the skills and abilities that can be obtained by the child on his or her own, with those that can be achieved with support from someone else who is more skilled. It doesn’t just have to refer to a teacher; the ZPD can be further developed through peer and parental interaction. Vygotsky’s style of teaching and learning is used within many approaches to learning for children with special educational needs. This type of support is known as ‘scaffolding’; where children develop into being able to carry out activities, and attain specific levels of knowledge, the support can be gradually removed, step by step.
Appropriate social and emotional skills help children develop the skills they need for cooperation, following directions, self-control and paying attention. These skills are innate, however in the school setting have become a part of everyday learning. Especially since social and emotional competencies are critical for children 's success, in school as well as in other settings, and later phases of life into adulthood. (Darling, 2016, p. 3). Developing social-emotional skills in children help them persist on challenging tasks, and effectively seek help when they need it along with exhibiting thoughtfulness in their actions.
Children learn about the world through basic actions such as sucking, grasping, looking and listening. At this stage, a child’s intelligence consists on their basic sensory experience. By feeling and touching objects, a child is able to attach names to them. They realize that their actions can cause things to happen in the world around them. The Preoperational Stage; At this stage, kids learn through pretend play but still struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people.
During observation it is important to observe just what the children do and say and not to add in what they are expected to do. Observation of children’s play helps us become more knowledgeable about the way they play. According to Bruce (2011 p.96), “observation begins with description and then uses theory and research to analyse and interpret”. Observing children’s play allows us to open our minds about how children use their imagination and creative minds. Observing children’s play allows practitioners to identify if any of the children may have minor or serious disabilities.
(Pearson Schools and FE Colleges). Child-Directed play is important because it allows children to find practice necessary skills like overcoming obstacles, problem-solving, effectively communicating feelings, and working with others who may have different ideas and points of view. It also encourages development of children 's skills such as cognitive, emotional, social and physical. It is a necessary part of every child 's life. In experiments conducted by Webster-Stratton & Reid, the difference between child-directed play and adult-directed play are shown.
Being creative enables the children in early years to make connections between one are of learning and another and to extend their understanding” (QCa 2000b:116). Providing a rich and varied contexts for children to acquire develop and apply a broad range of knowledge, understanding and skills. The curriculum should enable pupils to think creatively and critically to solve problems and to make a difference for the better. It should allow the children the opportunity to become creative, innovative, enterprising and capable of leadership to equip them for their future lives as workers and citizens. It should enable children to respond positively to opportunities, challenges and responsibilities to make changes and to cope with change and adversity (QCA 1999:11-12).
Teachers play a significant role in modeling social skills and arranging positive social environment (Lynch & Simpson, 2010). Research shows that when children acquire strategies to communicate, cope, and manage impulses can maintain focus in learning contexts (Wooley & Rubin,
The teacher therefore has to come up with creative and innovative ways to teach children and to always actively involve the learners for learning to be maximized. She can do this by relating the content of this focus area to the child’s actual world and also by bringing concrete objects to touch and feel, or even pictures. The influence of Beginning knowledge on children: This kind of knowledge can only benefit children since it forms the basics of their entire schooling career. They start becoming critical thinkers by questioning things that happen around them, and acknowledging why things happen in a certain way. It also helps them realize what world they live in, how to interact in this world and how they as individuals fit in the world.
Hilary Jo Seitz suggests that teachers can identify and learn about children’s interests, experiences, questions, comments and conversations. Then help, extend and encourage them to follow their interests. After that, construct a plan for an effective learning experience that are connected deeply to their interests. Teachers initiate this process through their observation first, then documentation. The documentation could be presented through children’s conversation, photos and work samples.
OT therapists can evaluate kids abilities and help them grow to be developmentally appropriate for their age (Occupational Therapy). They know many ways to help children with their disabilities. They know how to specifically solve the child 's problem in many ways. OT’s know what tools they need to use to fix the child’s problem to make sure the child will show improvement. OT’s “believe child 's main job is playing and learning, and occupational therapists can evaluate kids ' skills for playing, school performance, and daily activities” (Occupational Therapy).
When teachers use Concept Development strategies and ask questions to encourage children to use their critical thinking skills children obtain a deeper understanding of a concept or activity. In addition, it is important to encourage children to solve problems and be creative. “What some ways you provide opportunities for children to solve problems and be creative throughout the day?”
Communication would also be essential while planning for the children because if the child is involved with any other professional then the educational and milestone developments must be communicated between multi-agencies to ensure that everyone is aware of the stage the child is at in his/her learning. It’s important to respect parent’s views and help them build on the knowledge about children (Meggitt et al, 201, page