This can be caused if one eye is nearsighted (myopia) and the other is not, if one eye is farsighted (hyperopia) and the other is not, or astigmatism, which is the irregular curvature of the cornea, at a young age. This can also occur if one eye has more of a refractive error than the other has. Visual images in both eyes are degraded, resulting in abnormal visual
Stuttering is a multidimensional involuntary disruption in the production of speech sounds, that is also accompanied by underlying emotional factors. Stuttering is highly variable and is unique to certain individuals and situations. Stuttering can best be defined as a neurodevelopmental, epigenetic, multifactor disorder. Although it is more important to understand how to treat stuttering, knowing the cause of stuttering may provide a sense of comfort and acceptance for the person who stutters and their family. There are several plausible theories of stuttering, but there is no evidence pinpointing the exact etiology of it.
Is this to say that babies and children lack personhood? Such a statement probably sounds blasphemous to parents. Even more narrow, people’ bodies, and thus their authority over them, are tied to decisions other people make. For instance, if someone decided to smoke or pollute the air it may cause lung disease for someone else despite a right held over your body, or if a contagious disease is spread by other people’s lack of cleanliness other people may face the consequences of it despite an authority and right over their body. Are these statements to entail that the lack of complete authority of your body means everyone lacks personhood?
Stage hypnosis exist for entertainment and is given a very wrong impression of the more clinical hypnosis. In hypnotherapy the hypnotist skilfully uses suggestion to achieve predetermined goals such as releasing disrupting phobias, fears, panicky feelings and bad habits to physical symptoms, negative behavioural patterns etc. that are all seemingly within oneself but out of one's control Surrendering of the will or loss of control Week mindedness Some people believe that they are too intelligent to be hypnotized as in turn some people believe that they are not intelligent enough to be hypnotized the truth of the matter is that it doesn't matter! You only need average intelligence to be hypnotized because you just need the ability to imagine and concentrate in fact the very basis the client is looking for a new tool to help them with an issue and is willing to the work they have to do suggests that the person as a strong
Moreover, the degree of hemorrhage may appear striking and disproportionate to the external and internal evidence of injury. Here in our case also the assault might have looked minor for witnesses since the person was assaulted by hands and feet only but certainly it resulted in sub arachnoid hemorrhage of traumatic origin. Aspiration is the inhalation of regurgitated gastric contents, it commonly occurs in patients who have marked disturbances of consciousness such as that resulting from a drug overdose, alcohol intoxication, seizures, a massive cerebro vascular accident, traumatic brain injury or the use of anaesthetist.11 In this case the patient vomited due to head injury and there was also a blunt trauma to abdomen which gave rise to increase in abdominal pressure which caused regurgitation of gastric contents which in turn caused aspiration. Further the alcohol intoxication in this patient resulted in diminished reflexes. Combined effect of aspiration and diminished reflexes resulted in asphyxia caused due to chocking of aspirated vomited contents leads to death of the patient.
The lack of census has poor implications for psychologists’ understandings of mental illness. On the one hand, auditory hallucinations brings with it negative implications but as well as better treatment, worse stigma. On the other hand, one of the most warning symptoms of schizophrenia is praised without treatment in countless cultures. A science defined by treating those who tread too far from safe and normal is put in jeopardy when societies keep these lines
Phantom limb syndrome is a neurological disorder that affects amputees and is characterized by phantom sensations that appear to emanate from the missing limb (Rugnetta). The phantom sensations can be painful or nonpainful in nature, so that the individual experiences pain, touch sensations, or changes in temperature (Rugnetta), despite missing the peripheral portions of the spinothalamic pathway and other pathways involved in relaying information to associated regions of the brain, and in particular to the somatosensory cortex. The mechanisms involved in phantom limb syndrome are not fully understood. However, it has been noted that following amputation there is a rewiring of parts of the brain associated with sensation (Purves, Augustine, Fitzpatrick, Hall, LaMantia, & White, 2012), including, “considerable reorganization
Given this, and knowing that people with autism suffer from being unable to understand people’s gestures, taking things in a literal way and having a lack of empathy, it is reasonable to hypothesize that there could be something wrong with this ‘mirror neuron’ reaction. Researchers have described people with autism as having a ‘broken mirror’, hence the ‘broken mirror hypothesis’. Some research has taken place into supporting this theory. Obviously it would be unethical to place an electrode into a human brain, so researchers have used other methods to record brain activity. One example is a research group at U.C.S.D who used an electroencephalogram (EEG) which measures brain waves.
CAD patients who also have hopelessness were less likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation (107). The interaction between heart and mind works in a dual manner. Cardiac illnesses can cause distress and lead to depressive symptoms or psychological stressors which itself can affect the heart through the autonomic nervous system
This has also been noted in non-benzodiazapine sedatives that affect the same group of receptors, such as ambien (Bulach R, Myles PS, Russnak M 2004). The other cause is when a traumatic brain injury is inflicted resulting in damage to the hippocampus or adjoining cortices. Sometimes It also may be a result of shock or an emotional disorder. Although it is rare illness can also be the origin of anterograde amnesia if it causes encephalitis (inflammation of brain tissue.) An example of illness that can result in anterograde amnesia is herpes encephalitis.
A particularly worrisome and erroneous belief is that a person must suffer a blow to the head in order to be diagnosed with a concussion (Coghlin, Myles, & Howitt, 2009). Some also think that if you aren’t knocked unconscious then it is isn’t as serious. These misconceptions can results in non-reporting of symptoms and possible undiagnosed concussion. The mechanism of injury is not only identified as a blow the head, it can also be either a blow to the neck, back, face, or any other part of the body or interference with an object such as the ground, another person, or a goal post that can cause force to the brain causing a concussion. The word “concussion” derives from the Latin concussus, which means to shake violently (Brooks & Hunt, 2006).
However, an association between Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and brain stem gliomas have been found. Symptoms are non-specific and characteristically include a history of headaches from intracranial hypertension secondary to obstruction of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles. In addition, vomiting, nausea, visual disturbances, such as Parinaud Syndrome, auditory and balance deficits may be present as a result of pyramidal tract dysfunction. The proximity of the tectal plate to the aqueduct of Sylvius in the mesencephalon makes non-communicating hydroencephalus the most likely culprit for the increased intracranial pressure. Diagnosis of tectal plate glioma is based
after one seizure if there is a high risk of having another seizure.Seizures and epilepsy are not the same. Epilepsy is a disease, rather than a disorder “An epileptic seizure is a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain” (ILAE). According to mayoclinic.org; Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder/ neurological disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain becomes disrupted, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of consciousness. A single seizure doesn 't mean you have epilepsy. At least two unprovoked seizures are generally required for an epilepsy