Moreover, due to the institutional nature of prisons, inmates may receive mental impacts in their prison experience, resulting in different levels of mental health damage to prisoners. Finally, the issues of prisons in the UK needs to be constantly solved, and the pain of incarceration on prisoners deserves more attention. As Justice Secretary Liz Truss said, prisons faced ‘long-standing issues that will not be resolved in
INTRODUCTION Prisons are established and funded by governments for incarceration of people against their will. The main purpose of the prisons is to punish criminals by taking their freedom away deliberately and eventually to return the society as rehabilitated citizens after the incarceration duration. However, the dynamics of the prison system rarely helps inmates to have a healthy rehabilitation process. All over the world, there are some activities for prisoners to spend their times efficiently. However they are significantly lower than existing needs.
This excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s “Debtors’ Prisons (2)” puts Johnson’s thoughts and ideas on the necessity of jailing those who fail to pay back their debts forth quite plainly. In the second paragraph, Johnson describes a scene to his audience that restates how the general public would typically react to a person being arrested for that very reason. Johnson continues his anecdote with a situation that parallels the goings-on in Britain at that time - the misfortune that is befalling several people unable to pay back their debts.. It is easy to ignore it when it is only one person, but something must be done when it is happening to so many. Johnson uses another anecdote in paragraph 5 that appeals to the emotions of his audience.
• Denial of the right to liberty and security in the political prison camps The denial of the right to liberty and security and other human rights violations are particularly blatant in political prison camps. Political prison camps (kwan-li-so) are the final destination of those suspected of being politically, ideologically or economically subversive to the system. Kwanli-so are operated by the Ministry of State Security and the SSD. The Government has recently started acknowledging the existence of these camps, even though they are well-known and dreaded by ordinary citizens for being often places of no return, as victims imprisoned there have nearly no chance to ever be released. Four political prison camps are known to exist; smaller
The Stanford Prisoner Experiment Review PSYC 1111 – University of the People The Stanford Prison Experiment was an infamous psychological experiment conducted in the early 1970s by Dr. Philip Zimbardo. He sought to find an explanation for the dehumanizing, deplorable conditions found in many prisons. Psychological theories at the time were based on a dispositional hypothesis in which it was the natural disposition of the guards and prisoners from before they even entered the environment that lead to the behaviours that caused these poor conditions. This experiment was designed to challenge these theories by removing the possible effects of disposition while emulating as closely as possible all other aspects of a prison environment.
The article explains how sexual assault continues to be a problem until this very day. When someone is sexually assaulted, it is very hard for them to cope with the fact that someone has touched them in the wrong way. For the ones who commits the assault, it will only become worse for them. A National Study says, “The main source of inmates’ knowledge of prison sex appears to come from their conversations with other inmates”(Response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act). Some inmates could portray the role of acting as if they are there for the victim to talk to, but there are other things that could result from this.
While these criminals should do the time if they do the crime, it can be difficult dealing with such low standards of basic cleanliness. This can result in serious illness in an already stressful situation (Guetzkow, 2015). Living in such situations can damage physical and mental health of anyone living in it, and correctional officers would not be protected from the physical and mental damages of the conditions.
When men are incarcerated, gender issues often become heightened as they seek power or control in the prison. According to Kupers (2005), toxic masculinity involves “the need to aggressively compete and dominate others.” This concept may contribute to certain groups holding more power over others, and leads to the formation of dynamics between sub-communities within the prison. Toxic masculinity frequently results in male offenders resisting mental health treatment or other psychotherapy, since it could be perceived by other inmates as a “vulnerability”. Therefore, male offenders often underreport their emotional issues, and may not reach out for help until they have developed suicidal ideation or psychotic symptoms, (Kupers, 2005). Many prisoners adopt this survival mindset, in which there is no room to express pain or emotion that could in any way lessen their “masculinity”.This can become a major challenge in trying to incorporate treatment programs in prisons, especially if they are constantly being resisted.
The view many are accepted to use prisons to indicate that certain forms of behavior will not be tolerated, and to protect them from those who refuse to play by the rules, has become a policy position that dares not speak its name. This has been put unchallenged over and over again as a paradoxical illustration of how the size of a prison reflects the level crime, not the victimhood of society. Incarceration is an effective program in regards to the regulation of crime rates due to a portrayal of how Tyrone Hoard presented the society the insufficiency of diversion programs as followed by statistical graphs and its persistence in criminal offering. A widespread use of incarceration manages the increase of crime rates, whereas alternatives in which the government has invested in this cognitive behavioral therapy is spineless. Tyrone Howard, who was a criminal given numerous opportunities for diversion programs rather than jailed due to drug charges, allegedly murdered New York Police Officer Randolph Holder.
Although some believe that criminals do not deserve the same rights as civilians, the transition from the real world to life behind bars is taking enough rights away on its own. Prisoners should be protected from cruel and unusual punishment, sexual harassment and sex crimes, and poor living conditions. These crimes behind the walls of prisons make it difficult for inmates to adapt and feel safe. Their safety is being neglected, not only by other prisoners, but by the workers themselves (Hunter). Staff members get away with these crimes so easily; in return, they provide resources to the prisoners that are challenging to get such as cigarettes, extra telephone cards, and helping them pass drug tests.
Those in favor of this system also argued that the 2005 Supreme Court ruling jeopardized the safety of inmates, especially newcomers. Inmates in prison tend to organize themselves into races, each individual within a race looks after the other (Walsh). This was a form of protection and for newcomers, those who help them adjust and not make irrational mistakes were the ones who were from the same race (Walsh). When same raced cells were eliminated the protection of returning or new inmates were eliminated and in order to find protection they usually found a gang (Walsh). For these reasons many Californian penitentiaries carry out this highly segregated
Criminal Justice: We, The Rainbow Party, believe that criminal justice should be very more different. Instead of the criminals facing time in prison we think they should just go to a rehabilitation center to get treated. Some criminals do the things they do because they have a mental problem and if they are just locked in a place full of other criminals they will only be influenced more harshly and won 't get the help they need. On the other hand, being in a rehabilitation center puts them in a position to be forced to get help and go to counseling. We as a party think prison is a harsh place were a very large amount of criminals come together and either argue and gang up on others or they stay far away in fear of getting raped or hurt.