The European Imperialism in Africa and Asia Imperialism started in the late eighteenth century and continued to the early 1900s when Europeans took over different countries to obtain economic, political and social power. The five reasons behind imperialism were exploratory, ethnocentric, political, religious, and economic. Exploratory meant people went to a new area of land to learn more about it and discover new things. Ethnocentric meant they wanted to spread their beliefs, cultures and customs that they thought were correct and religion reasons were similar because they wanted to spread their religion. Political reasons were so that they could obtain power and economically, they wanted to make money through trade and new businesses.
Competition? Or simply for Social Darwinism? Despite all these reasons, what you did is called imperialism. Imperialism is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force. In the 1800s, countries in Europe were scrambling for Africa and land grabbing whatever piece of land they can get.
This change in rate of growth for exports in Great Britain was a cause for competition in Africa among the European countries with the resources Africa was providing such as copper, zinc, lead, and coal. Which were used for coins, metal alloys, electrical wiring, rust protection, and ammunition fuels. A lot in which Great Britain was lacking in. (Doc
The Atlantic Slave trade brought 12.5 million Africans from Africa to the Americas, with smaller groups going to the Atlantic islands and also Europe. A big factor of why the Slave Trade was popular was the inequality of enslaved Africans. The enslaved Africans were viewed as property, meaning they could be sold and shipped off across the sea for work and labor. The Transatlantic slave trade expanded despite the consequences for the enslaved africans because of economic success, transportation of new goods to new places, and
The New Imperialism in Africa was an expansion on Africa by Europe that was motivated by profit and prestige. One of the most famous Imperialists during the time was Cecil Rhodes. He said that “[Britain] must find new lands from which [it] can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies.” (Document 3) Along with Rhodes, there were various other imperialists that strongly believed Britain and Europe as a whole was the most powerful force in the world and that therefore they alone had the right to “geopolitical dominance” (Document 5) “The White Man’s Burden” was what justified the European actions in Africa. The origin of this ideology came from Rudyard Kipling’s poem “The White Man’s Burden” (Document 6). The Europeans believed that it was their duty and burden to “civilize” the African natives.
Marielle Apronti Prof. Oscar Williams AAFS 311 4 March 2018 The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the most important factor when considering the early development of European capitalism. The arrival of the Portuguese to the West African Coast and their establishment of trading and slave ports throughout the continent set in stone a trend of exploitation of Africa 's labor and human resources. Europeans greatly benefited from the Trans-Atlantic trade, as it allowed them to aggregate raw materials such as sugar and cotton to manufacture products that funded the Industrial Revolution. In the book “Capitalism and Slavery” by Eric Williams he addresses the origin of “Negro” history, the economic and political impact of slavery in Great Britain, the role of the American Revolution and the decline of slavery in Great Britain. William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor.
In contrast, African rulers were able to contribute European traders with the extra enslaved people they posses. As the command increased , some Africans started to take other Africans and make profit to Europeans. When the slave ships arrived from Europe they were laden with trade goods. Captains offered gifts to local African leaders and paid taxes for the right to trade. They then began the serious business of barter exchange, offering a wide variety of trade goods such as textiles, firearms, alcohol, beads, manila's and cowries.With the help of the British , French, and Portuguese , the rulers were in wars against their enemies.
The Middle Passage is what we know as the voyages of bringing over of the African slaves, 12.5 million to be exact. Gin and Tonic was another creation out of the cultural exchange and allowed disease to be put at ease. The Silk Road is what enticed the African Rulers to trade their own slaves. Thinking they would benefit from gunpowder, and weapons to fight their own enemies. Factors that economically were valuable to the European trading states was cheap (basically free) labor, greater wealth, draining Africa of its wealth and people.
Was there a negative side to this exchange? What would be the long-term consequences? During Columbus’ journey between Europe and the Americas was painful for both sides of the world. Columbus brought new crops, pathogens, and animals to the New and Old World Crops Pathogens Animals Negative Side Long Term consequences Conclusions Works Cited Module One Exam Part 2 The African Slave Trade was the largest forced migration in human history. Why did the Atlantic Slave Trade develop as it did?
The need for the European manufactured products in West Africa forced middlemen to carry out their slaves search with determination. European investors offered protection to the middlemen and kingdoms that sold slaves to them. Disunity among Africans, and existence of rich middlemen and kingdoms that had interest in the transatlantic slave trade made it impossible to prevent slave trade in the West and Central Africa. The slave trade continued until the industrial revolution era when Europeans realized machines would work better and faster than human