With reference to one specific example, assess the reasons for the use of guerrilla warfare, and its effectiveness.
“The revolution is a dictatorship of the exploited against the exploiters.” Castro concluded during his interview with Frank Mankiewicz and Kirby Jones in 1976. Fighting for liberation against Batista’s totalitarian and military-backed regime, Castro ultimately defeated the despot on January 1st, 1959. Why did Castro use guerrilla warfare with a group of only 82 men, against a formidable force of over 37,000? How effective was this tactic? Although some might suggest that Castro used guerrilla warfare to maintain anonymity, it is argued that fighting Batista’s foreboding army using orthodox tactics would have been a prelude for failure. In order to drastically alter the …show more content…
He deposed of a man who was consistently backed by the national army. Ultimately, Castro won a war against an entity embellished with weapons and superior technology with only 82 men. In order to do this successfully, he utilised guerrilla warfare tactics as they best suited his resource. Fighting a war against an enemy far greater with orthodox and predictable methods would be an irrefutable disaster. Instead, small scaled yet mobile attacks on troops when they least expected proved to be an effective method of confrontation. Phase 1 of the guerrilla warfare principles emphasise on the importance of popular support, which Castro strongly related to. Additionally, the warfare encouraged troops to fight on land that is not only readily available, but an area rebels have cohesive knowledge on. Guerrilla warfare has proved to be successful method of initiating liberty on numerous occasions. It worked for Tito in Yugoslavia, the Viet Cong in Vietnam and certainly for Fidel Castro in Cuba. The country was free after four centuries of neocolonialism, and ‘Cuba Libre’ was finally
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The night was very dark, none of group knew what to do or how to swim. The night grew even darker, nothing is visible to the insurgents. Later they saw some lights far away and believed they were Spanish troops. The rebel fought the sea that wanted to swallow them. Nonetheless, after eleven days, and after the insurgents logged nearly four times only short distance from where they started at 1 April and the shoreline where they scuttled in the long hours of 12 April, they stood on Cuba land
Analysis Castro injured and wounded each of the three young girls that he captured and confined. He degraded, humiliated and diminished them. He took away ten years of their life during the stages of life when a girl becomes a woman. They had no way to connect with family, friends, and has no connection with the outside world.
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion that the CIA had financed which involved training a group of Cuban refugees to land in Cuba. The primary goal of the invasion was to get rid of the communist government led by Fidel Castro. The Outcome of the invasion was unexpected, and the invasion failed miserably. The plan failed due to last minute cancellations of airstrikes, and the lack of knowledge that Castro had ordered 20,000 troops in advance to go to the attack site; this resulted in having the Cuban Air Force dominating the sky, which did not allow the U.S army to fight back. As the invasion went on, the chance of the U.S winning decreased within every hour.
The Cuban Revolution was of great significance to the U.S. because it put Fidel Castro in power as a communist dictator in Cuba and contributed to the Soviet Union’s power during the Cold War. Castro went against everything that represented democracy and basic human rights, meaning that the U.S. was challenged by his role and meant to overthrow him and keep him out of
Therein lies the irony of solidarity mixed with ideas of superiority, a principle that De La Fuente should have emphasized rather than glazing over as it is crucial to examining revolutionary Cuba. In the other portion of the chapter, De La Fuente continues with Batista’s Cuba, but in a different light.
In January of 1959, Fidel Castro came to power. The United States’ attempted to overthrow Castro with the Bay of Pigs Invasion, a CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro by landing 1200 disgruntled Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs. The attempt fails miserably and is a huge embarrassment for Kennedy, who then vows to bring down Castro. After the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, Castro looked to the Soviet Union for protection. According to document D in 1962 “The soviets began shipping 40,000 troops, 60 missiles and 158 nuclear warheads to communist Cuba.”
The Spanish American war was a product of Frederick Jackson Turner’s frontier thesis and the urbanization of America. In 1895, a rebellion broke out in Cuba, as Cuban patriots wanted independences from Spain. Through the yellow journalism, reports of Spain’s cruel military tactics lead to a public uproar in the U.S. However, most of these stories were exaggerated as a form to promote war. After an American battleship, the USS Maine, was destroyed, America was “forced” to start war and stop Spanish occupation.
This situation, however, made Castro aware of both sides of the rift. One side had people learning and knowledge that Castro desperately craves and the other side had the beloved Latino culture that belonged to her. She heard the voice and saw the problems of both sides but did not see the way to bring them together due to their
It is quite difficult to compare two wars that happened 180 years apart from each other, the Vietnam war 1955 to 1975, and the American Revolutionary war 1775 to 1783. Yes, both wars are all that different from each other, in fact I would say that they were the two least similar wars in American history. These wars are very similar because they both used guerilla warfare, a form of irregular warfare that uses tactics such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, and mobility to fight a larger less mobile military force. However a major difference in the wars was that the Revolutionary war was fought to gain independence, while the Vietnam war was fought to maintain independence. Another difference is that the U.S. were ‘Victors’ in the Revolutionary war, and were not so in the Vietnam war.
These political factors included the long-lasting rivalry between Fulgencio Batista’s government and Fidel Castro’s political organization, “26th of July Movement” (“The Movement”). Batista’s policies moved the country to the edge of revolution. Followed by an economical cause but to a lesser extent. Cuba’s economic status and its social situation made most civilians to support the idea of revolution. These factors gathered together and formed the strength and caused the Cuban revolution.
People like Castro are jerks and are very forceful, bad leaders. Castro canceled elections, forced non-communists to resign from the government in disgrace, worked secret arms deals with the Soviets, carried out mass executions live on the TV’s, shut down the free press, attacked the church and confiscated its property, tortured critics, criminalized private commercial transactions and blanketed all of Cuba with the enduring terror of his dictatorship. A bad leader is a big push factor that made Mario Loyola and his family leave Cuba and go to the
It is essential to know that during this time, the United-States of America had influence over Cuba and backed Batista’s government. Those factors influenced Castro’s rise to power as Batista’s response against opposition did not prove to be efficient enough to stop Castro rise to power as guerrilla warfare, a war tactic used by Castro which was a forceful technique and a determining factor in his rise to power. As stated by Leo Huberman and Paul. M.Sweezy , this success also relied on the participation of the Cuban population: "the peasants in increasing numbers joined the rebel army or organized the various civilian links and services which are so crucial to the success of a guerrilla movement. " The successful guerrilla war is a direct cause in Fidel Castro’s rise to power as it was effective and linked to ideology as the guerrilla movement rested upon the Cuban peasantry and its cooperation.
In an attempt to overthrow Castro and prevent the spread of communism throughout Latin America, Kennedy was forced to implement “a watered down plan inherited from the Eisenhower administration” , which involved using CIA trained Cuban rebels to encourage an anti-Castro uprising which would then appear as an internal uprising. This resulted in what historian Theodore Draper described as a “perfect failure” On April 17th 1961, 1500 rebels landed on the Bahia de Cochinos however invaders were swiftly captured or killed and as Kennedy refused to send in USA troops and cancelled a planned air strike in order to feign lack of American involvement, the plan ended in “total humiliating defeat” . Kennedy was enraged that he had signed what he had seen as an “unworkable plan” and that he had “allowed himself to be swept along by sheer bureaucratic momentum” . Despite this he took full responsibility for the failed operation stating in a news conference on March 21st 1961, that while “victory has a hundred fathers, defeat is an orphan” .
Late president Nikita Khrushchev (from USSR), agreed to assist Castro and took immediate action. He installed missiles in Cuba, which the US thought was a threat to the security of their nation. In summary, I think that this was a defensive move by the Cubans. I most definitely agree with