The article of Mayan, by history, disputes that the Mayans were centered in one geographical block, this showed the Mayans remained secure by invasions by other mesoamerican villages or civilizations. The mayans weren’t just strategic to protect themselves but they also put thinking into their agriculture, pottery, hieroglyph writing, calendar-making and mathematics. The article Maya, by History, goes on to say that the mayans had a great advancement in their mathematics including the number zero, astronomy, and created the 365 days year calendar. The Mayans used the 365 days calendar for agriculture and each city- state fit the systems depending on the land.They expanded farming to highlands as much as the lowlands and farmers surrounded the cities. With the farming technique the Mayans could build prosperity cities.Each city held a population between 5,000 people, and at its peak the Mayan civilization could of reached 2,000,000 inhabitants.
With both civilizations being developed around 3500 BC, there are many similarities and differences between the Egyptians and the Mayans. The Egyptians developed their empire in Northeast Africa, which affected the way they farmed and built their cities. The Mayans developed their civilization in MesoAmerica, which influenced their culture differently from the Egyptians. The farming techniques, architecture, and religion were all influenced by the environment they lived in. Although there were some similar farming techniques between the two civilizations, there were many more differences.
The Nile River Valley was connected to Egypt where their system of government was a autocracy, or all of the power and responsibility directed onto one person, a Pharaoh . The Mesopotamians had a democracy of sorts, their land was divided into city-states and kings ruled each one , they were supposedly sent by the gods to be to rule each city-state. The Nile River Valley people never really had the need for trade because they had agriculture , the ability to grow and produce produce, and food, but they did trade with other civilizations for goods. Mesopotamia did not have the ability to use agriculture, and traded often Egypt was actually one of their main import nations for plants,even clothing material like silk, and most importantly spices, like cinnamon
The primary difference in the political organization of both East and West African from 1000-1500 CE comes in the form of government. While all sub-Saharan Africa utilized kin-based groups, West Africa was structured more around kingdoms, and East Africa structured around city-states. Some West African kingdoms had a strong centralized government, such as the Kingdom of Kongo. The government included a king, who controlled military, judicial, and financial affairs, with the help of his officials. When the emergence of formal states came about, the strong kin-based societies of the West survived for centuries later.
Ancient Egypt: The Cradle of Civilization Did you know that the land of Ancient Egypt was once split into two separate kingdoms? The Egyptians invented aerodynamics, geometry, bowling and many other things we use in our daily lives. There are over 700 gods and goddesses in their religious belief. Ancient Egypt has multiple Pharaohs; some of which weren’t even Egyptian. The mysterious land of ancient Egypt is famously known for religious beliefs, geography, pharaohs, and contributions to modern society.
Sumer and Egypt developed divergent forms of political organization because their surrounding environments imposed different structural forces on their societies. Within Sumer and Egypt, two unique forms of political organization developed. The development of these forms can be largely credited to influences on the initial creation and preservation of the two systems. Sumer and Egypt began with fundamentally different governmental structures, which, in part, impacted the unity of their nations as they developed. The river resources of each kingdom influenced the preservation of the political unity of each nation.
In the earlier times the Israelites lived in Egypt and were explained to be a fruitful and multiplied people. Under the law of Egypt’s king, the Israelites had permission to live in Egypt and work the land. However, the King felt as if the Isralites were a threat to his reign because there were so many of them, so he dicided to deal with them “shrewdly” (Exod. 1:10). Therefore Pharaoh assigned them degrading work in harmful envirnments and began to control their population growth.
The Nile provided fresh water for Egyptians and all Africans, which helped with planting crops, and staying hydrated. Since the Nile flooded, the flood waters left behind fertile soil, which also helped with planting crops. Settlement, most Egyptians settled by upper Egypt, as it provided water, food, transportation and great fertile soil for growing food, Ancient Egypt would have survived without the Nile River. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. When Egyptians settled, they experienced flood cycle, a bad flood could drown crops and possibly destroy villages, a low Nile would bring severe drought and cause food shortages.
This had drastically allowed Egyptians to avoid collisions with neighboring kingdoms. Mesopotamia, on the other hand, was literally sandwiched between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, indicating its name and how it was originated. However, unlike the Nile, the rivers were significant to irrigation systems which has enabled the civilization to further develop agricultural aspects, in additional, transportation was also supported for trading with other neighbouring areas. Though settling in this region would easily allow neighboring kingdoms and empires
Similar to the ancient Egypt, the pyramids of Giza have four sided base and these structures are also oriented to the cardinal points of the compass. Moreover, the pyramid is also a stairway to connect themselves to their gods. Likewise, Egyptian civilization is hierarchical, the pyramids of Giza are a way to emphasize that they are elite and in the top of the hierarchy. In ancient Egypt, they believed that there is after life and that there is a ka or royal life force that would need a dwelling thus elites built a funerary temple called mastaba. The