How the Youth Criminal Justice Act works well to deter juvenile crime One large aspect of Canadian law is the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The Youth Criminal Justice Act is an act which respects the criminal justice for young people. Youth ages twelve to seventeen are protected under the Youth Criminal Justice Act if they have committed a crime. There has been much debate over the act because some people believe the act is too easy on youth, so youth get away with the crimes they commit. The law acknowledges the youth is culpable, but must take into consideration their level of maturity at a young age.
Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency deals with children, minor or youth below twenty-one years of age who break the law or fail to do what the law requires. A child above 15 years but below 18 years of age shall likewise be exempt from criminal liabilities and to be subjected to an intervention program, unless he or she has acted with discernment, in which case, such child shall be subjected to the appropriate proceedings in accordance with this act. (R.A.9344, 2005) Types Of Juvenile Delinquency According to Rohit Bura, Delinquency exhibits a variety of styles of conduct or forms of behaviour.
The exact definition of a juvenile is a “young person” who has yet to reach their 18th birthday. The average life expectancy of someone living in the U.S. is about 79 years old. Proposition 21 requires juveniles to be viewed and tried as adults, including receiving adult punishment such as a life sentence. If a juvenile receives a life sentence before they reach adulthood, more than three-fourths of their life is gone (“California Proposition 21”). Juveniles don’t even have a fully developed brain and as a result, can’t fully understand the circumstances that they find themselves in.
I affirm the resolution that juveniles should be charged with violent felonies ought to be treated as adults in the criminal justice system. In most states a juvenile delinquent is considered a criminal act by a child who is under the age of 18 at the time. My first main purpose is crime can continuously be crime regardless of what age the criminal is the crime was still committed and it doesn 't reduce the suffering of the criminal. Trying juveniles as adults makes all crimes equal and allows for more justice. My second reason why juvenile delinquents should be treated as adults because they need to understand there actions.
Arrest, or referral, and intake are the first steps in the juvenile court process. A juvenile’s first interaction is usually a result of contact with a police officer. This occurs when a juvenile commits a serious crime and the police make an arrest. When the police make contact with a juvenile they have options as to how to proceed. Option one is to issue a warning.
Typically, when a judge decides to waive the protective rights the juvenile court has on a youthful offender it is for more serious crimes. This can also be applied to minors who have been in and out of the juvenile justice system. Fagan (2008) states that in some instances, transfer decisions made by juvenile courts to try juveniles in adult criminal court was primarily based on the severity of the offense. Some juvenile cases depending upon the severity or nature of the offense are transferred to adult criminal court through a process called a “wavier”.
What are the conditions that allow a juvenile to transfer into the adult court system? Nevertheless, there are times and situations that involve a juvenile to be transferred to the adult court system. Nonetheless, this transfer is done through a process called a waiver. Nevertheless, when a waiver is granted, the juvenile judge is waiving the protections provided by that of a juvenile court. Consequently, there are different considerations that a judge may consider when deciding if to transfer a juvenile to the adult court system.
The children are greatest gift of almighty to humanity and personal as well as public assets. The young people are the foundation of the society because the future achievement of the society lies in their hands. The period of youth is mostly an important because the manner and values formed during this time may be fixed for the rest of one’s life. The outline of the future human society shall be determined by their mental and physical well-beings. The Children (young people) should be allowed and provided likelihood to grow up to become robust and obedient citizens, physically well, psychologically alert and morally healthy, capable with skills and activations needed by the society at large.
After being formally taken into custody, a prosecutor makes the decision on whether the juvenile should be released to their parent/guardian or sent to a detention center pending trial. Thousands and thousands of youth are sent to detention centers each year. According to the Justice Policy Institute in Washington D.C. “[d]etention is widely misapplied…because detention facilities are meant to temporarily house youths who are likely to reoffend before their trial or who are unlikely to appear for their court date, but many of the youths…do not meet these criteria” (Siegel & Worrall, 2015).
A program’s considered ineffective if it does not have a positive impact on a juvenile’s recidivism rate. Studies have shown that juveniles that attend ineffective programs have higher rates of going back to the prison system. Boot camps, intensive parole and probation supervision programs have a negative impact on juveniles and no reduction in recidivism rates. Programs such as deterrence, scared straight, and teaching the juvenile discipline actually have an increase in recidivism (Wilson, 2011, p. 106). Lipsey (2009) notes that discipline interventions had the largest negative effects on recidivism with an increase of 8%, with deterrence interventions, increasing recidivism by 2% (Bostic, 2014).
A key to providing appropriate punishment across a wide range of cases is the transfer process. In some states, judges decide whether to grant the state’s request to move a juvenile to adult court; in others, removal is automatic for certain specified crimes, usually murder. This is how we separate out those few crimes committed by juveniles deserving of adult trial and punishment. Bound over to be tried as an adult on crimes that are seemingly to be committed by adults, but yet are carried out by juvenile offenders, also.