Fractional distillation Essays

  • Fractional Distillation

    862 Words  | 4 Pages

    Separation of Liquids by Fractional Distillation and Analysis by Gas Chromatography Methods and Background This lab was exceptionally knowledgeable and important in order to understand how certain compounds can be separated based on their boiling points (Landrie, 43). This experiment in particular focuses on understanding the separation of 1:1 mixture of acetone and 1 propanol using the method of fractional distillation (Landrie, 43). In the previous experiment, we focused on understanding the

  • Essay On Fractional Distillation

    740 Words  | 3 Pages

    What is fractional distillation? Fractional distillation is a method of separating miscible liquids using heat. This technique is used for the separation of liquids which dissolve in each other. Several simple distillations are completed during fractional distillation using only one apparatus. During the process a mixture is separated into several parts called fractions. Mixtures contain different substance with different boiling points, the differences in boiling points is the main reason fractional

  • Fractional Distillation Report Results

    654 Words  | 3 Pages

    Carly Hawn 2/14/23 Fractional Distillation Report The purpose of this experiment was to become familiar with the process of fractional distillation, as well as interpreting mass spectra and different forms of chromatography (gas and high-pressure liquid). Data Table Compound: Toluene Mesitylene Structure: Boiling Point (oC): 110.6 164.8 Molecular Weight (g/mol): 92.141 120.1 Density (g/mL): 0.87 0.86 Sample Weights (mg): 49.7 949 Discussion The resulting sample weights displayed in the

  • Fractional Distillation Procedure

    872 Words  | 4 Pages

    a insoluble solid which is what we did) either with a tool or with your hands. We had four insoluble solids in our mixture and we used our fingers to remove each of them Distillation After we got the insoluble solids out by using Physical Means, we then used distillation to get the soluble solid out of the mixture. Distillation is a separation technique used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid and the liquid being kept. To do this, put 10-15 mL of solution in a test tube and secure it to the

  • Fractional Distillation Lab Report

    1098 Words  | 5 Pages

    Aim The purpose of this experiment was to use fractional distillation technique to separate cyclohexane and toluene. Background Information Distillation is a technique which is used for separating two or more volatile products based on differences in their boiling points. Distillation can be used to separate a volatile solvent from a non-volatile product and separate a volatile product from non-volatile impurities. Simple distillation consists of a round-bottom flask, a distilling head, a condenser

  • Lab Report Fractional Distillation Of Hexane

    1154 Words  | 5 Pages

    Fractional Distillation Kaisha Butz Lab Partner: Jenna Knafo Instructor: Dr. Beatrix Aukszi LA: Paige Swalley 09/23/2014 Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to fractionally distill a hexane/toluene mixture and to analyze the fractions. It is hypothesized that the first fraction will contain only hexane, the second a mixture of both, and the third just toluene. In order to separate the toluene and the hexane a Hickman still set-up was used. Once the mixture was distilled into

  • Lab Report Fractional Distillation

    1237 Words  | 5 Pages

    Fractional distillation was performed in this lab to separate a mixture of two miscible liquids with a difference in boiling points of less than 40 C, and to predict their identities. After that, gas chromatography was used to confirm the identities of the two liquids in the unknown solution, and to obtain the ratio of the composition of the solution with respect to these two liquids. Distillation is a separation technique that relies on two substances having different boiling points, so that one

  • Miniscale Fractional Unpacked Distillation Lab Report

    1481 Words  | 6 Pages

    different distillations that were performed each with the same end goal to separate the two different organic compounds, cyclohexane and toluene. We used the boiling points of the two compounds to separate them using the following 4 techniques: microscale simple distillation, miniscale simple distillation, miniscale fractional packed distillation, and miniscale fractional unpacked distillation. The three different miniscale distillations were used to predict the accuracy of the distillation by comparing

  • Lab Report: Fractional Distillation And Gas Chromatography

    1784 Words  | 8 Pages

    Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography (Investigative) Kevin Dural The University of Texas at Austin Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography (Investigative) Data and Results All data and results are attached. Included are carbon copies of written data and printed gas chromatography data. Discussion The purpose of this experiment was to identify two unknowns and their ratios in a given mixture. The identities of the unknowns were two of either acetone, methanol, hexane, cyclohexane

  • Separation Of Hexane And Toluene Lab Report

    602 Words  | 3 Pages

    simple and fractional distillation to separate a mixture of hexane and toluene. In this experiment, the mixture of hexane and toluene in a bottom flask was heated with a boiling chip. Heating the mixture cause it to form vapor, and the condensation of vapor was collected as distillate. The temperature was recorded for every .5 mL collected in each set up and was later plotted to compare the difference between each distillation. The main difference between the set-up of these distillations is that fractional

  • Cyclohexane Lab Report

    1710 Words  | 7 Pages

    toluene. The separation was accomplished by the use of fractional distillation and gas chromatography. The process yielded one plate for the17.6cm column meaning, that the porcelain beryl saddles as a packing material are ineffective. Although the results were found to be inefficient this may have been due to an error in the calculation, or the amount of time per temperature spent collecting the fractions. These results can be improved by re-distillation of the distillate fraction. The objective is to

  • Isopropyl Acetate And Toluene Lab Report

    633 Words  | 3 Pages

    The purpose of this experiment was to separate a mixture of 1:1 isopropyl acetate and toluene by a method of fractional distillation by collecting the initial fractions from Hickman still and then redistilling them. Distillation process is a process in which a mixture composed of two liquid substances with different boiling points where the substance more volatile and with less boiling point distillate first. For this experiment, the isopropyl will evaporates first because it has the least boiling

  • Gas Chromatography Principle

    934 Words  | 4 Pages

    a gas stream which transports the sample into a separation tube which is also known as the column. Various components in the sample solution separated inside the column. GC has principles similar to fractional distillation. Both processes separate mixture based on boiling point. Fractional distillation does it on a larger scale whereas GC does it on a small scale Source: Discussion on analysis This technique requires a stationary phase and a mobile phase

  • Distillation Lab

    1838 Words  | 8 Pages

    Introduction Distillation columns are used to separate fluid components. A stream entering feeds the fluid to be separated. As it falls down the column it condenses the vapors that are moving up the column. Eventually the fluid reaches a reboiler that heats the fluid at a boiling temperature higher than the most volatile component but lower than the least volatile component. This causes vapor to form with a higher concentration of the more volatile component. The vapor formed flows up the column

  • Distillation Lab

    398 Words  | 2 Pages

    Discussion: In this lab, we used two techniques to purify a liquid. The two techniques we used were, simple and fractional distillation. Simple distillation separates distillates from less volatile substances. At the start of the lab the apparatus is set up for simple distillation. Cyclohexane is put into 25mL round-bottom flask. It is heated to a boil. Once it starts boiling, it evaporates up touching the tip of the thermometer and into the condenser, and out into a graduated cylinder

  • Lab Report Determining Unknowns Through Distillation

    767 Words  | 4 Pages

    Determining Unknowns Through Distillation Introduction Distillation is a technique of separating two miscible liquids by their boiling point differences. This experiment uses distillation to separate and identify two unknown compounds. The two types of distillation are simple and fractional. Simple distillation is used to separate miscible liquids that have a boiling point difference of 100 C or more, while fractional distillation is used to separate miscible liquids that have a boiling point difference

  • Distillation Lab Report

    746 Words  | 3 Pages

    Ossaili - 7654795 Synthesis Lab – Experiment 1: Separation By Distillation The objective of this experiment is: • To use simple distillation to purify liquids. • To experience the limits of simple distillation when it comes to separations. • To use fractional distillation to separate mixtures of liquids. Method used: Distillation 1 – Distillation of an organic liquid containing a non-volatile coloured impurity • The distillation apparatus was assembled in regards to the instructions given

  • Effectiveness Of Simple And Simple Distillation

    1938 Words  | 8 Pages

    compare the effectiveness of Simple and Fractional distillation in separation of solid impurities from liquid and liquids with difference in boiling point higher than 25⁰C. The distillation curves of both processes were graphed on each case and compared. The main source of possible error was discussed and the way to improve the experimental procedure was proposed. It was concluded that the Fractional distillation is more efficient procedure than Simple distillation in liquid separation. However, in case

  • Oil Distillation Lab Report

    919 Words  | 4 Pages

    Rediet Legese iLab Week # 6 CRUDE OIL DISTILLATION Introduction: The aim of this week lab experiment is to experiment distill crude oil and to check how temperature determine the chemical properties of crude oil plus how the boiling point can also show physical properties. They are two major finding in this experiment. he first finding was the point at which the raw petroleum is heated to the point of boiling, at 275 0C, the gas and kerosene oil are refined, however the oil (lubricant ) stays

  • Separation Of Ramonas Lab Results

    867 Words  | 4 Pages

    sand after it got filtered. And this leads to the conclusion that this substance found in the mixture is indeed sodium. Alcohol was also another substance found in the mixture. Its noticeable as it was most likely was fraction 1 in the fractional distillation lab. Sharing a boiling point with alcohol, alcohol being 82 degrees celsius, and fraction 1 being 83 degrees celsius (which i extremely close). The substance, fraction 1, was also as flammable as alcohol is , when testing its flammibility