They say that opposites attract and although it might be true for some things, when it comes to politics, that theory does not exist. Just like there is always going to be two sides to a story, there are two sides on the political spectrum. The American political arena has for decades been divided into two ideas: the liberals and the conservatives. The word liberal is derived from the Latin word "liber" meaning free. Liberals are described as the “left-wing federalists” known as democrats that believe in free and fair elections, human rights, capitalism, free trade among nations, separation of church and state, and spread of civil rights and civil to name a few.
Moral relativism is a thought that there is no one absolute moral code for everyone to follow. Moral relativism works on the basis that each person has their own set of moral standards and the decision to do right or wrong for any one person is dependent on that one person’s culture, situation or feelings. When applying moral relativism to current events, Dobson (1996) discussed that this attitude of moral relativism has resulted in a sort of tolerance in many of our importance moral issues (abortion, same-sex marriage). I almost feel that this tolerance has moved more to an acceptance. Many people believe that acceptance of all beliefs is the American way, however, I argue acceptance is not the correct word.
1 Naturalism is the belief that reality consists of the natural world and that the universe is order. Everything follows consistent and discoverable laws of nature and can be describe in terms of fundamental laws. While Idealism can be considered as an approach to philosophy in which the reality is believed to be mentally constructed in opposition to what truly exists. Idealism can be believed as a way to deal with philosophy in which the fact of the matter is accepted to be rationally developed contrary to what genuinely exists. 2
MAIN IDEA OF REALISM, LIBERALISM AND CONSTRUCTIVISM Realism is the interpretation that world politics is motivated by competitive self-interest. Realists then believe that the significant dynamic among states is a struggle for power in an exertion to preserve or, if possible, expand its army security and economic benefit in competition with other states. Moreover, realists perceive this battle for power as a zero-sum game, in which an achievement for one state is certainly a loss for others. Realists are also possible to perceive humanity as integrally shared by national commitment to states or other identity for example culture or religion.
Complete Name: Unit 2 Student Name: Washum, Nikita ********************************************************************************************************** Student Answer: The country that I chose was China. ` A key feature of capitalistic ideology is the promotion of individualism, that is, the principle that individual effort is rewarded and benefits the individual. In contrast, a key feature of socialist ideology is the promotion of the good of the collective over the individual. China has been a socialist nation since the latter half of the 20th century. Yet, the last 20 years have brought extensive economic reforms that have transformed the country into a pseudo-capitalist market economy.
1. Introduction In 2013 the Garment factory Rana Plaza in Dhaka collapsed and thousands of workers lost their lives. Hence protests around the world arose about the bad working conditions and the low wages employees gain (Abrams & Sattar, 2017). Moreover, not only in developing countries like Bangladesh people have to work as captive employees.
What is the most crucial value we have that characterizes us as Americans? Most will claim equality, achievements, patriotism, or the American dream that shows the image of opportunities and diligent work. However, these American values would not exist without the existence and establishment of liberty. It was the strive for liberty that initiated the start of this nation, it was liberty that has formed the nation to what it has come to be thus far, and it is still liberty that drives us toward the ideal American country we continue to aim for. Without our liberty as Americans, every other value that we cherish would not exist.
People often imagine American identity as unassuming and accepting. America is a place made up of a mixture of cultures, supposedly allowing one to live their life no matter how different it may be from their neighbor. American identity is seeing someone 's appearance, and no matter how different someone 's skin color or clothes, they are sanctioned as an American. Wouldn 't America be a place that welcomes different appearances and heritages as one? Okita 's poem "
“- the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights - these are not simply words written into aging parchment. They are the foundation of liberty and justice in this country, and a light that shines for all who seek freedom, fairness, equality, and dignity around the world.” - President Barack Obama. One might wake up in the morning, thinking to themselves; ‘What do I really stand for, what are my beliefs, what are my values?’
The two moral reasonings are consequentialist and categorical. Consequentialist means the consequences that will result after whatever you do, whether it is the right or wrong thing to do. Categorical moral reasoning locates morality in certain duties and rights. Somethings are just morally wrong even if it brings good outcomes. According to Mill the principle of utility means realizing a consequence of something before you do it,whether your intentions are good or bad.
CYPRUS INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY INR 420-ETHNICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILTY 20131824 EPELLE IVORY PREYE WHAT IS MORALLY RIGHT OR WRONG DEPENDS ON THE PREVAILING VIEW IN THE SOCIETY OR CULTURE WILL HAPPEN TO DEALING WITH. IN NOT LESS DOWN 1500 WORDS CLEARLY JUSTIFY YOUR STAND ON THE ABOVE STATEMENT. The statement above is basically talking about RELATIVISM (Moral Relativism).
Phron Scranton Modernism and realism how do these types of literature came to evolve and how are they compared? In this writing, there will be a comparison of modernism and realism and how they related to each other. These two types of literature played a part in American history and happened during a pivotal era of time. When a person thinks of realism the thought that may come to mind is it references reality. When it comes to modernism it is viewed as the results of a progressive society.
Even though soldiers are heroes and many people feel superior to minorities, I believe that black people and women should be treated with respect because for too long black people and women have been treated as beneath other people and American soldiers have been treated like heroes when most of them are scared to be fighting. American Idealism forms the way we think something should be and how we perceive it. However, the idealism of American thought is not always correct. As individuals, we should strive to come up with our own opinions and thoughts on what is right for us and not is thought to be right by many. In the past, we perceived our views about war, on the treatment of blacks and the treatment of women should be.
Chanel Hungria Punishment Varies by Nations Each nation has a different view of justice. After carefully analyzing the two text, the reader realizes that the article “Time to Assert American Values” from The New York Times has the most relevant and sufficient article instead of “Rough Justice” by Alejandro Reyes because of the way the reporter supports the information with logical evidence. This is noted in, “According to Dun & Bradstreet and the U.S.-Asean Business Council, some CEOs and companies in this category are: Riley P. Bechtel of the Bechtel Group Inc.; John S. Reed of Citicorp; Roberto C. Goizueta of the Coca-Cola Company Inc.; Edgar S. Woolard Jr. of E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company; Lee R. Raymond of Exxon Corporation; John F. Welch Jr. of the General Electric Company; Michael R. Bonsignore of Honeywell Inc.; Louis V. Gerstner Jr. of the International Business Machines Corporation; and Ralph S. Larsen of Johnson & Johnson Inc. ” ( Times 180). Demostrating that the reporter investigated some of the CEOs and companies whom want to press against President Ong Teng Cheong, canceling Fay’s punishment. Another evidence incorported of how the reporter supports the editorial is “Americans need to remember that this country was also founded by dissidents—by people who were misfits in their own society because they
Even though soldiers are heroes and countless people feel superior to minorities, I believe that black people and women should be treated with respect for the reason that black people and women have been treated as lower than other people and American soldiers have been treated like heroes when most of them are scared to be fighting. American Idealism forms the way something should be and how it is perceived. However, the idealism of American thought is not always correct. An individual should strive to come up separate opinions and thoughts on what is right and not conform to popular belief. In the past, we perceived what the views about war, on the treatment of blacks and the treatment of women should be.
In the life there are a lot of challenges which builds the person and give him/her the power. Whenever there was a great goal, the desire to reach it will be stronger. Successful person who does not give up and achieves his goals with all the insistence and determination. Mostly, objectives fall within the framework of values as stated in the book American Ways by authors Maryanne Kearny Datesman, Joann Crandall, and Edward N. Kearny. The most prominent values sought by the person are the individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and material wealth.
Rapheal Lemkin wrote a book called "The Moral Imagination" he explains through out the book what this means with great imaginary and poetic verses. Ledarach draws his extensive experiences as a negotiator in some of the war zones that have featured over the past three decades. He goes through us with Colombia, Bosnia, West Africa, Somalia and takjikistan. Lederach explains the "moral imagination" to realize the turning points and possibilities in order to venture down unknown paths and create what does not exist. He also relates the imagination to peacebuilding.
“A dream doesn’t become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination and hard work,” a quote from Colin Powell, a retired four-star general of the United States Army. This quote means that your dreams do not just happen because you want them to. You must work hard in order to achieve your life goals. The American Dream is the goal to have a family and steady job. Students can obtain this dream through working hard in school and on their standardized tests.
American National Identity is in Crisis. The Oxford Dictionary defines a crisis as a time of great danger, difficulty or confusion (“Crisis”). The United States of America has gone through many such difficult times throughout history; there was the War of Independence in the late 18th century, the Civil War in the late 19th century, World War I and the Great Depression followed by World War II (Gilman). These crises have had an impact on America’s national identity.
Institutionalism rejects neorealist claims that the international system is characterized by anarchy. Rather, it is more accurate to think of the international system as made up of rational states that exhibit growing interdependence. Interdependence creates incentives for cooperation among states as it offers mutual benefits to all parties engaged. States learn cooperation through reciprocity or are forced to cooperate for sake of securing public goods. Institutionalists also focus on the free riding problem, which assumes that nations will tend to cheat and not do their part in producing public goods.
There are different ways that judges can interpret the constitution like originalism which is the principle or belief that the original intent of an author should be adhered to in later interpretations of a work. The original intent theory, which holds the interpretation of a written constitution is consistent with what was meant by those who drafted and ratified it. This is currently a minority view among originalists. The original meaning theory, which is closely related to textualism, is the view that interpretation of a written constitution or law should be based on what reasonable persons living at the time of its adoption would have understood the ordinary meaning of the text to be. Justice Scalia was a staunch protector of free speech even though, interestingly enough Justice Scalia’s protectiveness of the First Amendment flowed more from his views on stare decisis and his respect for precedent, rather than his originalist approach to constitutional interpretation.
According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, innatism refers to a philosophical belief in innate ideas and knowledge which suggests that one is born with certain ideas and knowledge. Therefore, it contradicts tabula rasa, an epistemological argument that the mind is a blank state at birth. In the history of philosophy, innatism has been widely discussed between rationalists and empiricist. While rationalists assert that certain ideas and knowledge pre-exist in the mind independently of experience, empiricists claim that all knowledge is gained through one’s experience. I agree with the rationalists’ view of innatism that one is born with certain knowledge rather than being at a blank state at birth.
Philosophy, indeed the study of fundamental problems such as ones related to existence, reason and values, has seen light since ancient ages to question what could be morally wrong and right. Its Greek meaning of “love of wisdom”, involve the thinking and the analysis of these problems regarding other standards and point of views, specific to philosophers. Moral relativism, expressed by Protagoras in his statement, expresses the capacity and the ability of humans to create individually its proper notions of truth and wrong, good and bad, evil and divine. It is believed that each human has his own conception of moral believes depending on the culture he or she grew in, religion, traditions, knowledge.
HOLISM Generally holism in terms of an idea is opposed to atomism. Atomists tend to base their thinking that any whole can be disintegrated into its separate parts and the relationships between them. The holists argue that the whole is primary and often greater than the sum of its parts. Atomist put things separately in order to know them better or other words for better understanding of these things.
When there is a sign of a cry for help what is the first instinct one 's mind comes to? To deceive or to help others? There has always been a debate about the question of whether humans are naturally altruistic, helpful, or naturally egoistic, selfish people. Many believe that it depends on the situation where a person has a choice in being helpful or deceitful by considering a person’s ethnicity, personality, or circumstances. Altruism versus egoism has also lead down to conclusions allowing people to believe that is natural to be both selfish and helpful.
The term American Dream has many different meanings. People have believed it means social equality, no racial discrimination, the economy being financially stable, and more. Over time, as presidents come and go and more technology is being manufactured, that dream has slowly shifted into something else for future generations. The rapid growth of new technology over the years has produced a world wide spread of media, the new means of communication between anybody using magazines, the internet, and television. Even though some means of media may not be completely truthful with television series and advertising, recent generations of children and teens assume that having the American Dream means owning a lamborghini, big mansion, happy family,
To be an American. some take this phrase too lightly some, too strict. Being an American does not mean that you go to baseball games and eat hot dogs and everything is golden, but to live your life to the fullest, yeah your free but you still gotta work for what you want not just waving around a flag day after day.
Have you ever thought of the American Dream? The American Dream is a statement that gives people hope for a better life such as immigrants from other countries who have horrible life styles and they come to America to be an American. Being American is having love for his or her country regardless of your race by living the American Dream of hard work and a good life. Patrotism is the idea of a person who defends and fights for their country. Some examples are people who fight in their military becaue they fight to keep our country safe from outside invaders who want to take away our freedom and rights.
Darwin, a famous scientist, once argued that “altruism is an essential part of the social instincts” (Altruism). In Darwin’s opinion, altruism is synonymous with sympathy or benevolence; however, recent neuroscience studies show that when humans behave altruistically, their brains are trained to crave pleasure and reward. During the seventeenth century, the Puritans believed that the world was a corrupt place and that all humans were sinners who had a predestined eternity that they could attempt to achieve through the Protestant work ethic. On the contrary, those influenced more by logic and reason, like Humanists Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, believed that all people were good and that doing good was the best way to serve God. In most instances, people do good only because the fear the consequences of not doing good; however, some individuals, like the Humanists, do good because they want to make the world a better place.
In the novel Of Mice and Men George tells Lennie “You… an’ me. Ever’body gonna be nice to you. Ain’t gonna be no more trouble. Nobody gonna hurt nobody nor steal from em’“ (Steinbeck #) to comfort him. Which John Steinbeck, the author, is trying to show us how lives were lived, especially what Lennie faced in his life.
The first,the author uses the “The Crisis of Profligacy”to tell everyone that how do americans Profligacy, their complacency made them lose theirselves. .It is talk about American‘s profligacy after the World War II.American think they are the king of the world and they can control all of the world. " In the 1950s the US achieved a standard of living that they became the jealous of the world ,however, it is began to shift in the late Vietnam War period.” Prior to the 1970s, because the United States had long been the world 's number one producer of petroleum, American oil companies determined the global price of oil.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a book written in 1905 by the German sociologist, economist and politician Max Weber. It is considered as one of the most controversial works of modern social science, and it is a book that provokes critical debates. The book was first published as a two-part article in 1904-05, in the Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik of which Weber was one of the editors. The book is translated into English by Talcott Parsons, with an introduction by Anthony Giddens. Weber considered himself as a social reformer, who sought to understand how change comes about, and specifically with the transitions to capitalism and modernity.
DBQ Between the years 1750 and 1776, England was locking down on the colonies, imposing lots of taxes against the colonists such as the Stamp Acts and Townshend Acts. Tensions were high between England and the colonies and the idea that a Revolution might take place wasn’t out of the question. And it was between those 25 years that colonists in America began to find a sense of unity and a sense of their own individual identities.
The issue of ethical and moral responsibility has been a topic of conversation for decades. The growing corporate scandals led researchers to delve into the issue with an effort to find solutions. Researches have been conducted with an aim to the analyze the college curricula as well as the capability of individuals to effectively execute moral judgment and ethical reasoning in their decision-making process. Ethics and morals are learned behavior which is influenced by multiple factors and which should be sustained through long-term personal and professional development.
Individuals are all socialised in different ways supporting our formation of knowledge and conceptualization of the environment around us. They all have different experiences and cultural upbringing, which influences our observation. This brings the concept of Interpretivism into analysis. This subsequent essay first analyses how we are socialised through our culture and prior experiences as examples. Secondly, analysis on how knowledge progresses through falsification is addressed.
Individualism or Collectivism? Which is better for societies? Throughout the world, cultures differ in the way their citizens deal with each other and the level of collaboration that exists among them. One example is the difference between individualistic and collectivist societies.
Individualism Vs. Collectivism Individualism is “the opposite of collectivism; together they form on of the dimensions of national cultures. Individualism stands for a society in which the ties between individuals are loose: everyone is expected to look after himself or herself and his or her immediate family only.” Collectivism “stands for a society in which people from birth onwards are integrated into strong cohesive ingroups, which throughout people’s lifetime continue to protect them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty.” Individualism / collectivism refers to relationships with other human beings.
It is truly a different way of living in Waldo, Ohio and it defies many beliefs of how people live their lives. In the article there are many ideologies prevalent throughout the entirety of the passage, but the two that drew my attention the most were classism and rugged individualism. Even in the first couple paragraphs classism is present for example, “where the upper class eats with the lower class -such as they are - with no discernable difference, thereby rendering everyone middle class”. This is not the norm in society typically, Waldo should have social classes, the wealthy should sit at a table, and the poor should sit at their table it is not right for there to be just one table with one class. Also, everyone is happy with being a
From the start of the America, to the America we know today, the driving force and the heart of America has always been and is it today the “American dream”. The “American dream” is a goal for many who live in America. They believe that the “American Dream” is controlling their own destiny, becoming successful, and living free. The “American Dream” is success, freedom, and being able to control your own destiny. Without dreams, there is nothing to plan or look forward to; therefore, no reason to live.
America, the capital of capitalism, was built on the principle of earing a large income if one was determined and put enough effort. This ideal was coined the American Dream which has a direct correlation to capitalism. Capitalism according to Merriam-Webster is a way of organizing an economy so that the things that are used to make and transport products are owned by individual people and companies rather than by a government. People have the opportunity to make all money in the world if they work hard and the government has little control over a business. But is this dream dying out?
Moral Autonomy is mainly based on the psychology of moral development. The first psychological theory was developed by Jean Piaget. On the basis of Piaget’s theory, Lawrence Kohlberg has also developed three main levels of moral development which is based on the types of logic and motivation adopted by individuals related to moral questions. 2.7.1 The Pre Conventional Level It is known as self-centered attitude.
I believe that I have matured beyond the stage of relativism and dualism onto the commitment stage because of my ability to use a combination of reason, valid evidence, and opinion to formulate theories about certain topics. Dualism can be summarized as a stage in development where the factors for decision making are mostly limited to solid facts and verified evidence. Relativism is when opinions are used to formulate a thesis, and as mentioned in the original discussion post, that they all carry equal weight. A potential issue with the relativist mindset could be that the students at this stage do not allow for the hesitation needed for successful decision making. Due to the fact that I consider myself at the commitment stage, I do not think
Transcendentalists believe in nature, individualism, nonconformity, and a simple way of life. Their beliefs state that a person should only rely on what is necessary to life, and each person should be their own person, meaning that each person cannot fall into the conformity of society. Could it be possible that today 's overindulgent society needs to go back to the beliefs of Transcendentalism? Transcendentalists preach that each person should do what they believe is right, or what their conscience believes is right. Thoreau asks, “Can there not be a government in which majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but conscience?—in which majorities decide only those questions to which the rule of expediency is applicable?”
Musante 1Frank MusanteKirk T. HughesLove and LitMidterm18 March 2018 Love and Moral Judgement Moral judgement has a big part of love. As readers, we have the ability to judge and decide for ourselves what moral love means to us, and when reading we see how different characters judge if the acts of the character 's should be considered moral. When we look at and compare the two readings of Dante 's Inferno Canto 5 and Do you Know where I Am we see this. In these readings we see the similar acts, but different ways it’s dealt with.
A common perception young adults come face to face with is the “American Dream”. The American Dream comes in many shapes and forms, due to everyone conceiving information differently to make up their own meaning of it. In honest definition the American Dream is just being able to thrive in society being well off and able to support a family stably. What needs to be answered is if the American Dream, in definition, achievable by all citizens? Evidence I have resorted to, shows that its achievable to only a selective group of people.