Sodium chloride Essays

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    Sodium Chloride Lab

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    The purpose of this report is determine if sodium chloride is a viable option as a deicer on winter roads. To determine this, one must compare a multitude of factors. In this lab, the freezing point depression of water, enthalpy of dissolution, cost, and environmental impact will be discussed. A large factor in how effective a substance is as a deicer is it’s ability to decrease the freezing point of water. If the freezing point of water can be lowered, the outside temperature must be much colder

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    Knowing the Interrelationship Between the Consolidation of Sodium Chloride Mixtures and Their Densities Chemistry 1A Lab 5pm Th, Department of Chemistry, California State University Fresno Professor Nimavat Experiment Conducted: 1/25/18 Report Submitted: February 15th, 2018 Alex Luna* and Ellen Introduction: Density is defined as the ratio between mass and volume or mass per unit volume. It is a measure of how much stuff an object has in a unit volume. This report discusses an experiment to find

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    concentration of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) solution affects the volume of the gases (Oxygen gas and Chlorine gas) at the anode during the electrolysis of sodium chloride solution. In my previous chemistry classes, I have learnt that concentration affects the majority of the gas produced at the anode. This made me wonder, how does the ratio of oxygen gas to chlorine gas produced at the anode vary at the electrodes. This made me formulate the research question: How does the concentration of Sodium Chloride solution

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    OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the relationship between the reactants calcium chloride and sodium iodate their product calcium iodate. INTRODUCTION Experiment six was about the relationship between reactants and products. In this experiment the relationship of calcium chloride and sodium iodate in a reaction that produces calcium iodate. The calcium chloride and the sodium iodate undergo a precipitation reaction to produce calcium iodate. The goal is desirable for gaining understanding

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    of each solution according to its concentration. Assuming that the density of each solution is approximately 1 g/mL, the mass of each solution will be 600 grams.(mass of solution=volume of solutiondensity of solution) In order to calculate the sodium chloride mass required for each solution use the following formula: mass of solution=mass of NaCl 100concentration of solution. For the solution of NaCl 5% are need 30 g NaCl and 570 mL water; for the solution of NaCl 8% are needed 48 g NaCl and 552 mL

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    Reaction Lab

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    Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Carbonate because it was the only reaction that produced a gas release. Unknown A and C produced the only yellow, brown precipitate just as the reaction between Sodium Carbonate and Silver Nitrate had previously. This led to the conclusion that A is Sodium

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    Mass Lab

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    one form into another, mixtures can be separated or made, and pure substances can be decomposed, but the total amount of mass remains constant. For example, from our experiment in the lab, we observed mass of the mixture of aqueous Sodium Sulfide and aqueous Zinc chloride turned white color. After the filtration, and all the water was evaporated, we measured the mass very close to what we had started at the beginning. The error in mass occurred because of the remained residue (solute) in the beaker

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    6.03 Identity Lab Report

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    sucrose, graphite, and water as molecular; sodium chloride as ionic. In order to determine this, 3 tests were conducted. The first test was to test the conductivity of each substance at room temperature. In this test, only graphite and aluminum conducted. This shows that these substances conduct electricity as a solid. The next test was conductivity as a solution. From our findings, sucrose had poor conductivity, while ascorbic acid and sodium chloride had good conductivity. Ascorbic acid conducts

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    I. INTRODUCTION This report discusses an experiment, the objective of which was to determine the classification of six known chemicals: sodium nitrate, barium chloride, silicon carbide, naphthalene, urea, and antimony and two unknown chemicals XIa and XIb. Since each type of chemical (ionic, molecular, macromolecular and metallic) has its own set of properties, by testing these properties and finding them out for each chemical, it was possible to classify them. The properties tested during this

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    Organic Acid Lab Report

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    DESCRIPTION  A simple reaction, followed by isolation of the desired product from the solution, will illustrate a typical application of extraction.  Some organic acids are liquid and are soluble in water as indicated. The sodium salts of these acids are ionic compounds that are also very soluble in water. If an aqueous solution of one such salt is acidified with a strong mineral acid, the much weaker organic acid is produced.  The weak organic acid is largely un-ionized in the aqueous solution

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    CH 204 - Introduction to Chemical Practice Experiment 2 - Qualitative Analysis of Cations Petra Hsia Stefi Hsia TA: Joey Gurrentz February 8, 2018 RESULTS & DISCUSSION In Part A of the experiment, the presence of silver was confirmed by the "Unknown 4" substance. It was discovered with two rounds of testing. In the first round, two drops of 6M acetic acid and 4 drops of 1M K2CrO4 was added to the "Step 6" test tube, the solution turned a yellow-orange color. Because there was no formation of yellow

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    5-aminotetrazole monohydrate: In a 250 ml round-bottom flask equipped with a condenser for refluxing (90 °C) and a magnetic stirring bar, 5.00 g (5.95 mmol) dicyandiamide (three times crystallized), 7.47 g (11.9 mmol) sodium azide and 11.00 g (17.8 mmol) boric acid and 100 ml of water is added and allowed to reflux for 24 hours, after the completion of the reaction, until the solution pH to about 2 to 3 as hydrochloric acid 37% is added (about 12 ml) Then the reaction mixture was cooled in a refrigerator

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    Before the water reach to the consumer 70% of the permeate water goes to potabilization or remineralization while 30% goes the demineralization. In potabilization plant four chemicals are added which are: Sodium hypochlorite It is added for final disinfection of treated water Sodium fluoride This chemical must be existed in the potable water because when it dissociate fluoride is produced as shown in the chemical reaction: NaF → 〖Na〗^++ F^- The fluoride used to protect the teeth in two ways:

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    Melt An Ice Cube Essay

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    Does table salt, sugar and pepper effect the time it takes to melt an ice cube? Introduction In areas around the world, where there are blizzard conditions, getting from one place to another is quite a problem as snow blocks the roads, railways and prevents aeroplanes from entering and exiting the country. In these countries, how are they able to melt the ice so that the road is clear for use? If you live or have been in a place that often has snow in winter, you may have seen truckloads of salt

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    Properties of Ionic and Covalent Substances Lab Report Introduction The purpose of this lab was to determine which of the following substances: wax, sugar, and salt, are an ionic compound and which are a covalent compound. In order to accurately digest the experiments results, research of definitions of each relating led to the following information: ionic compounds are positive and negatively charged ions that experience attraction to each other and pull together in a cluster

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    Finding the Formula of a Hydrate – Lab Report (DCP, CE) Introduction and Overview: A hydrate is a chemical that has water molecules loosely bonded to it. The water molecules are not actually part of the formula, so the formula is written slightly differently. An example would be CaSO4 . 3H2O. This chemical would be called calcium sulfate trihydrate. When finding the mass of this chemical, you find the mass of the calcium sulfate and then add 3 times the mass of water to it. (40.08 + 32.066

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    6.03 Chemistry Lab

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    The chloroform and caffeine mixture was collected and into a conical flask labeled A. The remainder of the solution was discarded. This was repeated for beakers B and C. 9. Sodium sulphate was then added to each beaker to dry the liquid by getting rid of any remaining water from the solution. The sodium sulphate was then filtered and discarded. 10. The solution was then placed under the fume hood for the chloroform to evaporate. 11. Methanol was filled in a test tube and placed into a

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    6.03 Pre Lab

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    Marwah Alabbad Post lab 10/21/15 Question 1: 1. Experiment 1: Number of trails NaOH concentration (M) Volume of HCl solution (mL) Initial volume of NaOH(mL) final volume of NaOH(mL) The volume of NaOH to titrate HCl (mL) Concentration of HCl (M) 1st 0.1023 25.0 10.05 36.12 26.07 0.085 2nd 0.1023 25.0 5.74 31.40 25.66 0.105 3rd 0.1023 25.0 9.84 35.52 25.68 0.105 First trail calculation: 0.02607L× (0.1023mole NaOH/1L)×(1 mol of HCL/1 mol of NaOH)×(1/0.025)= 0.085M of HCl The average HCl concentration

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    RESULTS & DISCUSSIONS PREFORMULATION: S.NO API CHARACTERISATION RESULTS 1 Physical Appearance Mycophenolate mofetil white to off-white crystalline powder 2 Melting point 93-94ºC 3 solubility Freely soluble in acetone, soluble in methanol, and sparingly soluble in ethanol. Table 3: Characterization of API Calibration Curve of Mycophenolate mofetil: Calibration Curve of Mycophenolate mofetil in pH 7.4 PBS Solvent pH 7.4 phosphate buffer Saline (PBS) Wave length 253 nm Unit for concentration mcg/mL

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    Essay On Toxicity Test

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    1.1.2.2.2 The performed toxicity test principle: The preformed test in this experiment is a modified method of the limit test OECD TG 203, and is more adapted for marbled crayfishes. The principle of the test is to show that the LC50 is greater than 100 mg /l. In this test, the marbled crayfishes were exposed to the different test substances dissolved in water and observed for 120 hours. Ever 24 h the mortality, the growth, color and the movement of the crayfishes were recorded. When 1 crayfishes

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