Union Army Essays

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    Why was the Siege of Vicksburg such an immense turning point for the Union in the Civil War? This mainly was due to the capturing of the Mississippi River, which contained the South’s main ports for trading with foreign countries. Capturing the Mississippi demolished the Confederate’s leading position in the Civil War. This great achievement for the Union helped change the outcome of the war. The Siege took place in Vicksburg, which is located near central Mississippi on the western side of the

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    “Stonewall” Jackson, 1862 I In early April 1861, Colonel Robert Edward Lee was offered field command of the Union armies by Winfield Scott. Lee declined, saying that he could not contemplate fighting against the South in the event of their secession from the Union. He resigned from his anomalous position and returned to his beloved Virginia. On 25 April 1861, he was promptly made commander of the Virginian army. The Us Civil War had broken out on 12 April 1861 with the shelling of Fort Sumter in South Carolina

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    span. Major General John Pope lead approximately 62,000 Union soldiers in the Second Battle of Bull Run. On the other side, the Confederates were lead by General Robert E. Lee. Despite having fewer men, the Confederates were ultimately victorious as a result of their superior military strategy and their understanding and use of the local terrain. The Second Battle of Bull Run was greatly impacted by both the resources of the both the Union and the Confederate troops, as well as by the local geography

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    1863, the turning point of the Civil War, Gettysburg, had begun with General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia's second invasion of the North. On its second day, Lee ordered an attack on Union forces dug in just south of town. His men, fresh off a first day of fighting, stormed the Union army’s left flank, but they were repelled as a result Chamberlain’s famous bayonet charge down Little Round Top. Therefore, the Union was saved and peace was eventually restored because of Joshua L. Chamberlain’s short

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    Little Round Top and into the pages of history.” ( Longacre ) . In May 1863, Gettysburg began with General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia's second invasion of the North. On its second day, Lee ordered an attack on the Union army just south of Gettysburg. By the third day, the Confederate army was forced to retreat back as a result of a failed Pickett’s Charge. The Union was saved and peace was eventually restored because of Joshua L. Chamberlain’s short period of defense at the Battle of

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    Civil War Tactics

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    bigger your army, the bigger the chance you have at victory. Casualties were at an all time high and the Union and Confederacy scrambled to protect their troops. The Civil War’s staggering number of casualties accounted for calculated tactics, the troublesome lives of civilians and the emergence of proper medical practice in a race to win, and in doing so caused an abundance of trauma for almost everyone in the nation. Fighting in a war is all about tactics and the Confederate and Union armies managed

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    Punitive War Analysis

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    Punitive War: Confederate Guerrillas and Union Reprisals, Clay Mountcastle provides a detail account on how the Union’s attitude and actions changes during the Civil War due to the guerrilla actions against them. The point of Punitive War is not to illustrate the guerrilla actions, but focuses on the Union Army’s response the aggression. The purpose of this study is to educate those interested in military history, such as Officers in the United States Army or simple college students, on how guerilla

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    Railroads In Civil War

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    The Civil War was the first war to use railroads and turn them into a weapon of war. During the Civil War railroads became the vital new technology for both the Union and Confederate forces. The great distances separating armies, the need for supplies, and quicker troop movements all increased the need for the railroad. Without this new weapon the Civil War may have lasted until the last man was literally left standing. The ability to implement and use the railroads in the Civil War would play a

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    as population, industrial and agriculture ability, transportation networking, and financial resources when compared to the South. The North had “ 2.1 million men who fought for the Union” (Goldfield, The American Journey, 407) this equaled about half of the North’s men of eligible age to fight. A majority of the Unions military about 200,000 men where African Americans, a hearty amount of which was ex slaves. An additional amount of soldiers came from Irish and German immigrates as well as northern

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    Sherman first saw combat at the Battle of First Manassas, where he commanded a brigade of Tyler’s Division. Although the Union army was defeated during the battle, President Abraham Lincoln was impressed by Sherman’s performance and he was promoted to brigadier general on August 7, 1861, ranking seventh among other officers at that grade. He was sent to Kentucky to begin the Union task of keeping the state from seceding. While in the state, Sherman expressed his views that the war would not end quickly

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    begun after South Carolina seceded from the Union. They believe that the Fort would be theirs. Lincoln ordered the troops not to fire, yet he provided them with food. Eventually, South Carolina took control of the fort, thus becoming the first Confederate victory. The Union and Confederate forces battled at Manassas, Virginia. Both armies attacked each other as they met on the left flank. The South was able to build up enough troops to overrun the Union, causing them to retreat to the North. This

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    off part of his army, which McClellan would probably never figure out. Therefor, Lee had an advantage on McClellan’s army. That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it. Of course, now that McClellan knew about this, he knew that he had the advantage in the numbers of soldiers and began attacking the confederates lines. The first day of battle was one of the worst considering 5,000 were killed, 20,000 wounded and the union troops

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    The Battle of Antietam was not clearly won by either the Union Army or the Confederate Army, but still ended up being one of the most significant battles and turning points of the American Civil War. It might not be as well-known as other battles such as the Battle of Gettysburg or the Battle of Appomattox, but it was still very important to the overall outcome of the Civil War. There are a number of reasons why this battle is so significant and stands out from other Civil War battles. The Battle

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    This story is about the events and discussion of the strategy to be used by the Confederate and Union forces leading up and during the Battle of Gettysburg. This review will discuss two topics raised by Michael Shaara in the novel; the ongoing conflict between which fighting style and strategies should be used by the Confederate army, and the other is the state of mind of the Confederate and Union

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    freedom for him and his wife. The price was outrageous because he only had 100 dollars including all his savings while the cost was 800 dollars. As a result, he decided to escape. At that time, Union troops were blockading the port at Charleston. They welcomed slaves who wanted their freedom to go past Union lines. Smalls, therefore, planned to take his wife and children to freedom by water. After a careful planning, they sneaked out toward the Charleston port in the early morning of May 13, 1862 when

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    It was a victory for the union army and the 9th vermont regiment. The fall of Richmond was fought at Richmond, Virginia. This was one of the last battles and the battle were the union took over the confederate capital. But before this battle George had been captured and forced into a prison camp( Author Visit.) George was not wounded or killed in any of

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    Hooker led the Union in this battle and Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were Commanders of the Confederate States of America (Civil War Trust). Lee and Jackson conceived one of the boldest plans of the war, and it was because of this plan that the Confederate States of America won the Battle of Chancellorsville (Civil War Trust). Many lives were lost in the battle, however there was one loss that was the most profound to both sides of the war. Joseph Hooker, the commander of the Union in this battle

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    Ulysses S. Grant took no part in the operation in the prison camps. He did not have anything to do with the creation of these camps let alone taking part in the operation, which he could not have done based on his rank early in the war. Most of the camps were built and officially started operating between the years 1861 and 1862, when Grant was off "displayed his military prowess early in the conflict. In 1861, he led 3,000 troops into his first major engagement.” This meaning he was busy in combat

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    General James Longstreet men to essentially over flank the Union and left them headed towards Little Round Top and Big Round Top. Little and Big round top where the southern most parts of the battlefield and place that held great significance. Making and executive call Brigadier General Gouverneur K. Warren in quick fashion moved his troops to the top of the two hills to repel Longstreet Confederate troops. Doing this however also left Union troops in the middle of the confederate forces to fight

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    between the conventional confederate and union armies in 1861, the tactic of guerrilla warfare swept through Missouri. It was caused by secessionist “bushwhackers” and local union militia known as “jayhawkers” fighting in small squabbles across the state. Both sides had plenty of reason to hate the other, due to the many atrocities committed by the others. Confederate fighters killed civilian unionists, executed prisoners, and scalped the dead. Union soldiers, however, enforced martial law on

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