Heery and Anderson (2005) also add some more point about the characteristics of digital repositories. They said that repositories are collections of digital objects and there are several characteristics which differentiate between digital repository and other digital collections. The characteristics mentioned were as followed: a) Content is deposited in a repository, whether by the content creator, owner or third party. b) The repository architecture manages content as well as metadata. c) The repository offers a minimum set of basic services such as put, get, search and access control.
A qualitative approach comprising of two main research methods were chosen: (a) an ethnographic approach, mainly through participant-observation and (b) four in-depth formal interviews. Due to the highly focused nature of the research topic and the time constraints within which the research must be done, it is difficult to adopt a purely ethnographic approach to answering the research aims. Furthermore, it is common for ethnographers to interview and qualitative interviewers to collect observational data about people and places. Hence, adopting such a research design which involves participant-observation and interactive interviewing can usefully be combined to provide further insights to understand discursive and social practices (Bryman, 2001). 3.2 Ethnography Capable of being put to a variety of different uses, ethnographic research is an important and increasingly accepted tool as a research design for social scientists (Bryman, 2001).
How life could be without memory? Memory plays an important role in our life because we can learn new things and storage them or we can share bad or good memories that we have. According to Matling, memory is the process of maintaining information over time, so to maintain this information we have to know and learn different information thar we know about memory. First, there are differents types of memories. Then, the characteristics of memory, with the term characteristics we are referring to the complex and also the part of the brain that keeps memories.
The world is under continuance and un-stoppable rapid change and so too the working and studying environments people involved in. One of the major changes the education field is currently facing, and which has a keyinfluence on the learning communities, is the increasing use of information and communication technologies in educational institutions. This causedthe traditional forms of teaching and learning that are used to be transformed into online and e-learning experiences. (Pittinsky, 2003) claimed that these is several internal and external pressures on universities that have inforced for the need to review teaching and learning forms and practices from new standpoints to come across the challenges shaped by knowledge-based cultures. These pressures include a demand for a higher number of places in the higher education with no parallel increase in financing (Phillips, 2005); a larger diversity of learners including a variety of backgrounds, learning needs, motivations, abilities, learning preferences, time availability and course content requirements (Bates, 2005).
Performing literature review requires recognition, retrieval and collection of research. During this period of research various books, articles, dissertations and various other things are searched and read. The kind of material you collect and how much it is related to your research is an important and crucial thing. Understanding the collected literature is also an important thing because the literature could have new and complex terminologies and frameworks that are difficult to understand. An important thing is to see the strengths and weaknesses of methodologies, theories and finding of literature that the researcher has collected and read.
- Organization design changing due to different logistical approach; in fact, for an appropriate use of big data, companies need to modify their entire approach to how they previously used to analyse data; this is because big data usually comes constantly rather than just periodically as open data or other sources of data do. Also, the company will need new softwares which must be able to handle also real-time analysis and it will have to hire qualified data scientist to manage big data appropriately (and, in case the company is willing to protect customers privacy also qualified data protection employers are needed). - Noises and variability; another problems in analysing big data is about understanding which datas are relevant data and which are not. In fact, having a large amount of datas makes it possible that some datas are incorrect or misleading. This is a problem for understanding their veracity and so their quality might be low.
As the use of technology and data framework is expanding, a related hazard with technology is additionally forcing a few dangers to the information system.More and more utilization of technology and expanded occasions has made it basic for organizations to put appropriate controls. Controls can be ordered in view of nature say, preventive,detective and remedial or in light of some parameters like physical, sensible
Cutter, “A library catalogue is a list of books which is arranged on some definite plan. As distinguished from a bibliography it is a list of books in some library or collection”. (Kumar and Riaz, 1999). The usability, availability, completeness on an up to date basis, to personalise, current and future size, format and productivity of the catalogue are some of the factors which affect the use of catalogue. There are four options of cataloguing axe as follows: 1.
India has the expertise to meet the challenge and to set up digital libraries in the country. Information technology continues to evolve, as does the digital preservation community, new projects are being created on a regular basis, shared registries and tools are constantly developing and growing. With the advent of digital preservation , the priority was to preserve the content rather than the support. For many institutions, digital preservation is a new challenge and they are just beginning to confront the policy technological and human resource implications of digital preservation. There is a need to compile and distribute a set of guidelines, standards and best practices for digital preservation.
Theoretical Sensitivity and Complexity: One important aspect in ground approach theory is the theoretical sensitivity which is different in between researchers. It is the ability of the researchers to increasingly develop to conceptualize and formulate a theory by constant comparison of data. A researcher does not go blank and give up knowledge. Researchers should be sensitive with learnings that could make the researcher alert to the possibility of emergence and how to formulate it conceptually (Giske & Artinian, 2007) To be sensitive, a semi-structured interview guide shall be used for gathering interview content. As more data will be collected and analyzed, theoretical sensitivity will increase enhancing more focused interviews.