Why Are Women Paid Less? —— It Is Not an Issue Only About Discrimination That Simple According to a survey by North American Industry System(NAICS), based on average wages, all workers in 2014 including full-time and part-time, women earned just 75.3% compared to men. As more and more women enter the labor market, this issue is increasingly attached great importance, and whether this issue relates to discrimination is the biggest concern. In his article, Mark Perry, the professor of economics and finance, argues if the gender wage gap is caused by discrimination. In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue. In addition to the physical differences between men and women, different hours of work, importance degree of children, and occupational selections also influence different earnings. First of all, hours of work in some ways determine a person’s …show more content…
Yet, there are many problems beyond these factors. Why do women spend less time on work? Why are women paid less after they have children whereas men are paid more? And why do women choose more flexible jobs? There must be something beyond these factors and affects women’s decisions. I think the most important factor is stereotype. The power of society is huge. Almost everyone is doing what society expects he or she to do. It affects how people make a decision. Women are expected to spend more time looking after kids. It is same as men are expected to earn more money to support a whole family. That is why men and women have almost opposite situations. Furthermore, we have such a selection bias due to gender difference. For example, we always expect nurses are females and layers are
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Lastly, take risk as another factor. Majority of the workers in nearly all the most dangerous occupations, such as iron workers and loggers, are male, and 92 percent of work-related deaths in 2012 were to men. Males are also more likely to pursue occupations where compensation is risky from year to year, such as finance and law. Research shows that average pay in such jobs is higher to compensate for the risk. Therefore, due to the fact that women and men do different type of jobs and work different hours, the gap in wage is not related to gender discrimination and feminism is again proven to be irrelevant
Did they win their fight, or are they fighting for no reason? Equal pay was always a struggle for women. When men and women in the same workplace got paid different amounts for the same amount of work it angered women. “The persistence of gender-based wage disparities — commonly referred to as the pay or wage gap — has been the subject of extensive debate and commentary.
Paragraphs will be ordered in terms of topic, rhetoric analysis, evidence, collaboration between results to embody my argument and to provide contributing factors and there effect on a universal standpoint to the ethos of women (religion, maternal implications, upbringing, geographic location). A contributing factor leading to gender inequality and segregation in the workforce is geographic location. This refers to the general identification and location of individuals and or data (Jones, 2015) and no matter where you are based in the world, there will always be gender inequality and segregation in the workforce. Pay gaps across such a place as the America, has seen a difference of 77% between men and women in pay. This means that women get roughly 77cents per dollar less than the average white man across the country (Casserly, 2015).
Throughout history, women fought for equal opportunity to build onto the infrastructure of America. Once the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920 giving women voting privileges, their rights increased substantially to present day. Although, one issue that has been pressed in current time, is the wage gap between genders. The noticeable income gap between men and women reflects stereotyping of women, and how America lessens women’s roles in various occupations. The ongoing issue with stereotyping women, partly stems from activities they did in the past, correlating into present time.
The gender wage gap is outrageous. That gap is still significantly large in America, despite efforts that have been going on for decades to eliminate it. Women simply receive substantially less than men in this country. They are being discriminated against, and there is so much evidence to prove this. We cannot let them dismiss the evidence any longer.
The gender pay gap is a significant issue in the United States because it promotes institutional and internal sexism and the unfair treatment of human beings. An infamous statistic about the wage gap has been the 77 cent statistic, stating that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns 77 cents. The statistic is calculated by, “...dividing the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working women by the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working men, all rounded to the nearest $100” (Glynn 2). This, however, represents males and females from all occupations, causing opponents to argue that, because it does not represent the gap between people who have the same job, a wage gap does not exist. Nonetheless, multiple studies have proven that a gender pay gap does exist within the United States.
These jobs will naturally pay more. More examples of male dominated jobs would be loggers, pilots, farmers, ranchers, truck drivers, construction workers, and the list is endless. Men are more likely to take jos that have longer hours than women and this again could go hand in hand with women who want children. Men will also take jobs that require weekend work for example a man or woman who works a nine to five will not earn as much as a man or woman who works on a unscheduled time clock. Although all of the above reasons to promote reasons why men earn more than a woman it has been proven through Nemkos’ research that an unmarried woman who has never had a child will generally earn more than a man who is unmarried (Tobak,
Although some people do say that the myth of the wage gap is just that for all others there is something we can do. In Ann Crittenden review of Don 't Get Mad, Get Even: Book Review of Getting Even: Why Women Don 't Get Paid Like Men—And What To Do About It Crittenden argues that while women essentially are even with men in terms of education and experience, women still get the short end of the stick and get payed less then males. She claims that even with the blatant sexsim going on in most workplaces there is soemthing all women can do, demand their fair share. Now this might seem as a simple task but if it was childs play, then women would have been getting paid fairly since they entered the workforce back in the the 60’s. She develops this claim by stating research done by Evelyn Murphy a financial analyst.
Katie Bardaro, from Pay Scale Human Capital, once said “The real issue here is not the gender wage gap, but the jobs wage gap. People are filling positions according to gender, with higher-paid positions being filled by men and lower-paid positions being filled by women. That needs to change” In addition, men and women have differences on how they get paid. People think that men should get paid more because they think that they can do so much more, when women can do the same amount as a man can.
It may be 2018, but the gender pay gap is still here, why is that? Women have been and still are getting a lower pay than men to do the same job. Women are doing equal if not more work, but somehow make less. The following paragraphs will explain what is happening today like the fact that over time men 's pay increases more than women 's does. Besides that I will also mention that not just white women make less than men other cultures make even less than them, and I also will share real people speaking up about them being paid less than men.
It is proven that gender does contribute to a difference in wages in society and there for another cause of wealth inequality. The U.N. has found that gender discrimination is still a significant factor in holding many women and children around the world in poverty. In many countries, there is a gender income gap in the labor market. For example, in America, statistics show that “The median full-time salary for women is 78 percent of that of men”; despite the fact women make up half the workforce. One of the reasons women earn less income/money in their lifetime is usually because they are single mums and/or have more people/family to support on their
Annotated Bibliography Quast, L. (2015, November 22). The Gender Pay Gap Issue Is Fixable -- But May Require Bolder Actions To Overcome. Retrieved from Forbes.com: http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2015/11/22/the-gender-pay-gap-issue-is-fixable-but-may-require-bolder-actions-to-overcome/2/ It is reported by the Economic Policy Institute that although women had made tremendous records entering into workforce and gain great successes in education, but their wage is 83% comparing to men. The world forum also released a report in 2015 that women now make as much as men earned a decade ago.
The United States is currently facing an economical problem that involves males and female differences within the workplace. Males are given bigger and sometimes even better rewards for doing equal amounts of work as their female counterparts. Females are frequently not receiving the same wage even if they can complete the same job of a male. Also, females are less likely to get promoted within their job if they are competing against a male. A source states, “Women are now more likely to have college degrees than men, yet they still face a pay gap in every single education level,