This problem is becoming more widespread than ever in the US if this keeps going it might spread all over the world. If that happens then women would be in a never ending hole. Since we have talked about the main problem let’s dive in to one of the biggest elements of the gender wage gap. One of the biggest elements of
Katie Bardaro, from Pay Scale Human Capital, once said “The real issue here is not the gender wage gap, but the jobs wage gap. People are filling positions according to gender, with higher-paid positions being filled by men and lower-paid positions being filled by women. That needs to change” In addition, men and women have differences on how they get paid. People think that men should get paid more because they think that they can do so much more, when women can do the same amount as a man can.
Since the effect of paid leave on labor force participation rates is typically much higher for women than men, offering paid leave can help push the economy towards gender equality in labor force participation. This equality has obvious implications for economic growth. (Aguirre, Hoteit, Rupp, and Sabbagh, 2012). The benefits of paid family leave to individuals, to businesses, and to society are well-documented. Not only could a paid family leave program keep women in the workforce and decrease their need for public assistance, but it could reduce employer costs and contribute to U.S.
(1A) One of the factors that lead to women being treated differently in the job market of the United States is the fact that there are gaps in employment that women often take that do not as largely affect men. Since women often live longer lives than men that are faced with the challenges of taking care of dying spouses and even taking care of their older parents. This dilemma was discussed in the “Sandwich Generation” video from a previous assignment, where there was an unemployed mother that was taking care of her young son and very old and sick parent while her husband was at work trying to make ends meet. Women also often times are faced with the challenge of taking care of infant children post-partum resulting in time off of work.
Research shows wage gaps are solely a product of the choices of the second party. Woman have chosen what level of education they wish to pursue, the fields they wish to be in, and where they work. When looking back at a censuses of the early-to-mid 1900’s the majority of working women worked at small enterprises rather than booming companies: large Firms pay at higher rates, their payout going predominantly to males of the working class (Rubenstien, Michael Harvey). When taken under the scope, large enterprises rejected woman workers, and if they did hire, the lady’s income would be significantly smaller. Consequently, companies would deny the reason being that they were of a different sex, and rather blame it on how little education the skill the person had, “Frequently, even when given raises, their new pay still comes short of that of their male coworkers.
Australia and the United States were the only nations which did not offer a statutory paid maternity leave scheme. The report also found that the statutory schemes of most nations paid a rate at, or close to, 100 per cent of the parent’s previous earnings (OECD 2007). Unpaid parental leave National unpaid maternity leave entitlements were introduced in 1979. A Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration test case led to the inclusion of 52 weeks unpaid maternity leave in federal awards for long-term employees who had 12 months continuous service with one employer (O’Neill et al 2010).
Having a baby comes with a mix of emotions, not only for the woman but also for their family. This joyous, exciting, and sometimes terrifying moment in a woman’s life just scratches the surface of thoughts that are going through her head. Since more women are in the workforce, “scheduling” pregnancies around company time-off has become the norm. In order for some woman to get a couple months of paid leave they would have to work two years straight, without taking any sick or vacation leave. This kind of dedication can put strain on a woman, both physically and emotionally.
In this article, Noam Scheiber discusses the rising issue of parental paid leave equality in the workplace. The argument is that dads should have the ability to help with family responsibilities if they so choose, and be given the same paid leave rights as their women counterparts. In a case as far back as 2013, Dechert law firm attorney, Ariel Ayanna, had endured heckling from co-workers who let him know
In current times, more and more fathers have been demanding for paid leave in order to spend some time with their newborns. This is why the topic of compensated paternity leave has been a heavily debated by the governments of countries all over the world, as not all countries give new fathers the privilege of paid leave. One thing to keep in mind is most of the cases regarding paternity leave that have been brought to the court usually include an element of gender discrimination as their basis, due to the fact that women are frequently given greater compensated maternity leave compared to men. New mothers require a leave from work after a child is born, however so do the fathers.
With the United States not offering paid maternity leave for new mothers it has made it very difficult for people to work with this issue, and most are struggling. Some topics you should know about the maternity leave in the United States is only four states have announced publicly they have paid maternity leave, women are struggling with the policies, policies contribute to a gap in gender pay, FMLA doesn’t help everyone, jobs with technology have the best benefits, having paid maternity leave would be good for business, companies are working on these policies and so is
The law on leave for family and, I think, should include paid maternity leave. In other regions of the world, it provides childbirth and parental leave through the social security system. For example, in the Caribbean this month, all employees of the Social Insurance Fund, known as national insurance are deducted. The National Insurance will pay insurance premiums for employees in the same way that Americans receive social security benefits. If women give birth, and also be able to get maternity leave, the spouses can get parental leave to be considered a country to join the insurance.
People are paid time off for reasons less important than having a baby. Most parents fear the first day they have to leave their baby in a new child care facility. Sometimes the unpaid time that most people take affects their family because everyone struggles when a paycheck is not coming in. The cost of raising a new baby buying diapers, clothes, formula, and medical bills all adds up when there is no income coming in. Some of the recourses I plan to use to back take on the argument are the websites and periodicals, I will research and gather data that supports statistics that show the states that have enforced paid maternity leave in the work place have higher employment return.
“Our country 's parental leave policies are woefully behind the rest of the world, and today San Francisco has taken the lead in pushing for better family leave policies for our workers” (Wiener) . Parental leave is when the companies/ government pay a worker to spend time with their newborn in the family. Recently the United States was acknowledged to be the only country to not have mandatory parental leave for parents of newborns. This would be arguable for whether or not it should be allowed and enforced as a new law. Reasons for parental leave would be financial issue, bonding time and educational increases.
The United States’ current parental leave policy directly causes health issues in mothers, fathers and newborn children. A paid leave policy would assuage this complication and achieve the U.N sustainable goal of good health and well being. The authors of the Maternal and Child Health journal describe the health benefits of a paid leave policy: “[Studies show that paid family leave] gives children a healthy start, lowers infant mortality by more than 20% (Ruhm 1998)” (Rowe-Finkbeiner, Martin, Abrams, Zuccaro, Dardari 3). Writer Sarah Fass adds that “in terms of children’s health, access to paid parental leave has been found to reduce child mortality, particularly when the leave is paid and provides job- protection benefits” (Fass 1).
The lack of income from these independent mothers is enough to make their families fall behind. This issue alone is what drives mothers back into the workplace long before that three month period. Out of the 173 countries studied 168 countries offer paid maternity leave, the United States though obviously was not amongst those