CHAPTER ONE 1. Introduction 1.1 Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is deposition of plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the inner most layer of the walls of large and medium –sized arteries. (Herbert, 2014) Atherosclerosis is the buildup of a waxy plaque on the inside of artery, the arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body, and they are lined by a thin layer of cells called the endothelium. The endothelium works to keep the inside of arteries toned and smooth, which blood keeps flowing. (Zarbock, et al, 2008) There are two major types of cholesterol, the HDL (high density lipoprotein) or good cholesterol, and the LDL (low density lipoprotein) or bad cholesterol. When the endothelium …show more content…
Health impairing behavior, have harmful effects on health or otherwise prek2dispose individuals to disease. Such behaviors include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and high dietary fat consumption. The Smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, gaps in primary care services and low screening uptake are all significant determinants of poor health, and changing such behaviors should lead to improved health. (Adler, et al, 1994). Health Protective Behaviors (HPBs) Health protective behaviors (HPBs) are individual actions taken to protect, promote, or maintain health. These actions are both prescriptive in nature (e.g. nutrition, get adequate exercise) and proscriptive (e.g. smoking and excessive alcohol consumption) (Pender, 2006). Interest behaviors that have important impacts on the health and wellbeing are based up on two assumptions: (a) That a significant proportion of the mortality from the leading causes of death is caused by behavior of individuals, and (b) that such behavior is modifiable (Conner. …show more content…
Reducing Risks, Promoting Health life.. On an annual basis an estimated 17.1 million person die because of Atherosclerosis, which constitutes of 29% of all mortality. (WHO, 2002). The importance of health behaviors in preventing disease and protecting or promoting health has been well demonstrated; however, the relation between health behaviors and health protecting is not clearly under-stood. Understanding how specific health behaviors are associated with health may have implications for designing effective health promotion programs and understanding underlying motivations to practice healthy behaviors in general. (Abd Al_Rida, 2008) Health behavior plays an important role in the prevention, control, protection, treatment and rehabilitation processes of most health problems. These behaviors may be based on decisions or are done regularly and have become routines or habits. Healthy life style is more than just eliminating harmful habits; it is a way of living. Life style can significantly decrease the risk of disease and can be protective health, while significantly increasing the change of living healthfully throughout the life span. A healthy life style is increased or decreased by our level of wellness. (Allender and spradly,
Health promotion is the delivery of information and education both to individuals and to the nation, which will help them to make positive lifestyle choices. It helps people to empower (take control) over the factors that affect their own health and so do something to develop their health and wellbeing. Health promotion cannot be forced on people it is done so that individuals are given enough good and accurate information for them to make up their own minds on actions to take that will make a positive change. What is its purpose?
Hi Olayinka, I like that you mentioned that “prevention is better than cure”. Recent statistics reveal that too many people in this country do not have access to preventative health care required to remain healthy and avoid or delay the onset of diseases. A healthy life style helps us to leave a healthy life, reduce the cost of health care, as well as helping to prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. The key to success for wellness and prevention programs is to make the resources for achieving a healthy lifestyle affordable and accessible to the general population. (Rose, M. 2014).
The Healthy People 2020 initiative gives 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. These objectives are to be met by the year 2020 (healthy people reference). The vision of this health initiative is to help create a society where people live long and healthy lives. People, as defined in the Health Promotion Model (HPM), are organisms shaped by their environment that also have the ability to shape
Interventions may include developing safe and accessible recreational spaces, walking or biking trails, and promoting physical activity programs targeting different age groups. Collaborating with schools, community centers, and local sports clubs can provide opportunities for physical activity and engage residents in active lifestyles (Georgia Department of Public Health, 2023). Health Education and Literacy Providing health education programs that focus on nutrition, diabetes prevention, and management can empower individuals to make informed choices regarding their health. These programs can be conducted in community centers, schools, and workplaces, reaching a diverse range of residents. Collaborations with healthcare providers, public health departments, and community organizations can enhance the effectiveness and reach of these initiatives.
Knowing about personal health risks, making changes to lessen them, and sticking with these changes are important for maintaining optimal health. In the end, each individual is responsible for their own actions, and becoming educated about their risks will help them to make better choices. The audience for this persuasive essay will include both employers and employees. The first challenge in reaching this audience could be potential privacy concerns. Employers should not have access to health records of their employees that is not work related, and some may worry that their medical information will be shared.
The national initiative stimulates disease prevention and health promotion by creating goals and objectives once they obtain these goals they coordinate them with the preventative health service as well as educational activities in order to help support the public to improve their overall health. • How does it influence health? Healthy People 2020 aims to improve major health issues in many individuals.
The Healthy People 2020 mission statement: To improve health through strengthening policy and practice, Healthy People will: • Identify nationwide health improvements priorities; • Increase public awareness and understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability and the opportunities for progress; • Provide measurable objectives and goals that can be used at the national, state, and local levels; • Engage multiple sectors to take actions that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge; • Identify critical research and data collection needs. (Healthy People, 2017) The Healthy People 2020 mission statement outlines how the program hopes to improve health through strengthening policies and enhancing practice across the United States. The program identified 26 objectives to focus on as important health issues. As of 2014, data shows that 14 out of the 26 indicators have met their target or shown improvement (Healthy People, 2017).
Obesity is a preventable medical condition, as a matter of fact, adults who are trying to avoid obesity can participate in a physical activity that involves movement for about 15-30 minutes a day that is all it takes. Physical activities is not only good for adults but for children as well. This essay is to inform adults about their health, the cause of obesity and how it can be prevented. According to, The Burden of Obesity in North Carolina", "no physical activity and unhealthy eating combined are the second leading preventable cause of death",(p.6). In order to avoid stroke, cancer, diabetes and obesity,none has to be physically active and change their eating habits, if they are eating unhealthy.
Currently, healthcare has shifted from curative care to preventive care. The American public benefits from preventive care because it is cost effective and has lasting impacts on the community. The initiative of Healthy People 2020 is focusing on the health and preventing disease in local communities. The goals of Healthy People 2020 are to promote healthy behaviors, encourage quality of life while eliminating disparities among all age groups within the community (Healthy People 2020).
I strongly value my health and believe that health is our greatest form of wealth. When one lives a healthy lifestyle, it means more opportunities to explore the world, build families, achieving anything the heart desires and conquering personal goals. The behavior change philosophy fits my personal philosophy of health education the most because it involves goal setting, behavioral contracts and self-monitoring to help foster the modification of an unhealthy habit. The behavior change philosophy is very important because change is a process, not an event. Self-efficacy and motivation are key factors in successful behavior changes.
Lifestyle Choices Relevant To Health, How Health Status Is Perceived and Provision of Health Care Services Human behaviour often plays an important role to maintain health and prevention of disease. With an eye to lower the considerable mortality and morbidity linked with health related issue, health professionals have twisted to models of behaviour for guiding the
This essay explores the relationship of socioeconomic impacts on health in Islington Borough and accumulate data about disparities in the provision of health and social care services. I will also examine government methods in the promotion of health and factors and how barriers affect these health promotion campaigns. Health promotion is the procedure of empowering individuals to build control over, and to enhance, their Health. It moves past an emphasis on individual conduct towards an extensive variety of social and environmental interventions. The Ottawa Charter (1986) defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health to reach a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing
According to the Fantastic Lifestyle Questionnaire the strongest aspect of wellness in my life is my family, no tobacco use, no alcohol, no drugs consumption at all. Also, tried to get enough sleep and always enjoyed my leisure time. Family has always support me in my ups and downs in life, always supports me with great confidence and enthusiasm. 2.
Health promotion and health education have many similarities, despite them being distinctly different. Health promotion and health education are both very important, especially when being used as tools in the hands of different authority figures and policy makers. Health promotion and health education both advocate for health in a systematic way or as a planned application, however we learned in class that anyone can promote health, but not everyone can be a health educator when it comes to health education. Health promotion entails methods by enabling individuals to gain control over the determinants of their overall health. The prerequisites of health are addressed by developing healthy public policies.
Your work site may have programs and policies that encourage wellness. Examples include programs that: • Inform you about work site health risks and how to avoid them. • Teach you about preventing health problems like obesity, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. • Make fitness classes available at work.