This article is intended to be a brief overview of the key changes and new concepts which came into force on 1 January 2011, with the enactment of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth), replacing the Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth) ( 'the TPA '). History of the Australian Consumer Law The Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Act (No. 1) 2010 (Cth) was the first of two Acts to implement the new Australian Consumer Law.
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‘The Tampa Decision: Examining the Australian Government’s prerogative power to detain and expel unlawful non-citizens in 2001’ The executive power of the Commonwealth has largely been neglected, both by the High Court and by commentators, receiving scant attention in comparison with the Commonwealth 's legislative and judicial powers. However, it was just fourteen years ago, in 2001, when a Norwegian cargo vessel MV Tampa being denied entry into Australia after rescuing 438 asylum seekers sparked one of the most controversial yet illuminating civil cases in Australian legal history. The result was a civil suit (Ruddock vs Vadarlis 2001) in which the Federal Government successfully appealed the initial ruling to the Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia, where it was found that the government does indeed possess a prerogative power to prevent the entry of non-citizens into
The motivation that provoked the British to settle in Australia was to expand their empire. Historian’s opinions on why New South Wales was colonised in 1788 has changed over time due to the evidence that has been found. Historians originally thought that Australia was colonized as a ’dumping’ ground for convicts and place for them to be transported to, although through further evidence and changing views with historians, it gives us the different perspective that Australia was colonised for the expansion of the British Empire. This essay will argue that Australia was colonised to expand the Empire of the British people. Botany Bay provided good resources for them to use such as Flax and Timber used for making cloths and building ships.
As a domestic student whose only been here for a few months, not knowing anything about Australian history is hard, this mind map consists of my own understanding about the Colonisation of Australia at this point of the unit. It contains the following concepts: Reasons why Australia was colonised, Age of Exploration, Impact of colonisation to the Indigenous people and finally the process of how the culture of Indigenous people was lost. Why was Australia colonised in the first place? According to (Skwirk,n.d) there are many reasons why other countries would want to colonise another country, mainly because of the land, the more land you colonised, the more powerful you become. The discovery of new land led to excitement of the people to explore more.
So for Australia to form its own parliament to become an independent nation, a Constitution must be formed, and after a series of general votes by the public called referendums, the national constitution was created. The Australian Federal Parliament is bicameral, meaning that it is run by two houses: The Senate and the House of Representatives. In the Australian Constitution, it states that laws can only be passed or changed when there is the approval of both houses of Federal Parliament, and the Royal Assent of the Governor General. There are also State and Territory Parliaments, which follow the same process as the Federal Government, only being allowed to make laws for each respective
Someone’s rights as a human is something they should always be given and allowed to have. Article Five in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” (United Nations General Assembly). This right was broken when they began to use violence in the detention centers where they have been holding the refugees. Also, when they restricted the amount of water they were allowed to drink a day in the severe temperatures, it went against this article. When Australia is only been letting one percent of refugees resettle in their country each year, it begins to break a couple rights.
Start Your Visa Assessment Here Security Due to security concerns subsequent to threat of terrorism from abroad, anew provision has been drawn which prohibits the approval of an Australian citizenship application if that person is identified as a risk to Australia 's security. The prohibition applies to all applications including those for Australian citizenship by descent, Australian citizenship by conferral, and applications for the resumption of Australian
The Bringing Them Home report’ recommendation (9b.) outlines “That all under-graduates and trainees in relevant professions receive, as part of their core curriculum, education about the history and effects of forcible removal” (HREOC, 1997). In 2002 the Queensland Indigenous Education Consultative Body (QIECB) made a similar recommendation, suggesting that “Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander studies [should] be mandatory in all pre-service education courses in Queensland tertiary institutions through discrete courses or units” (Price, 2012). These government recommendations have been introduced to, acknowledge, re-establish lost relations with, and apologise to the Australian Indigenous peoples in regards to past government policies and practices which resulted in the forcible removal of Indigenous children from their
Erskineville Summary Unlike most inner-city Sydney suburbs, Erskineville offers a village-like appeal with green, leafy streets, some of the most famous of Sydney cafes, choice schools, and friendly neighbours. The fact that it sits within 3 short kilometres of the central business district is just one of the many perks of living in Erskineville. Working professionals love it for the culture and the proximity to the capital city for the short work commute. Some even choose to take a stroll into work over driving or riding public transport, though these options are available. Erskineville is rich with Australian history and heritage buildings, making it somewhat of a landmark all its own.
In her critique, Carnivalesque Freedom in Hawthorne’s YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN, Selina Jamil proposes that although there in an obvious theme of the human heart’s confrontation with evil, there is also a carnivalesque theme that is exemplified when the use of irony and parody ridicule the Puritan idea of virtue as well as the power of evil itself. Jamil continues that the carnivalesque theme further establishes that the “encounter with evil teaches the average mind to replace naiveté with skepticism.” Ultimately, Jamil states that there is no resolution with the internal conflict of Goodman Brown just like there is no resolution as to whether the “witch meeting” was reality or a dream. If Jamil indeed believes that YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN exemplifies a feature of Bakhtinian carnival, then Bakhtinian carnival concepts should, at the very least, be mentioned. Jamil offers a look at the ridicule of the Puritan idea of virtue and the “power” of evil itself by suggesting that the rituals displayed by Hawthorne “parodically mirror” that of the church; furthermore, the irony found in the “sable form” stating that
8) Explain and evaluate the views of Anaximander regarding the nature of substance. Anaximander (610-546 BCE) was a famous philosopher known for his different, but correct point of view about the primary substance of the reality. He rejected to Thales, who said that “All is water”, and Anaximenes, who claimed that all objects are composed for air when he stated that the primary substance is in fact unlimited, or infinite. Even though Anaximander questioned about the existence of primary substance in an observable pure form, he was right in his opinion. A substance has 9) Explain and evaluate the views of Pythagoras regarding the nature of substance.
There are always many interesting discussions about which salmon flies are the right ones. It depends a lot on the conditions, such as the weather, the seasons and the specific location. So what are the best salmon flies? There is no one answer to this question.
“Actions are the seed of fate. Deeds grow into destiny” said by Harry S. Truman is about actions creating fate which then turns into destiny. The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho is a story of a boy called Santiago who decides to follow his destiny. Santiago’s adventure takes many turns caused by his fate and free will. The momentous events that happen in life are caused by a combination of both fate and free will.