Drunk driving has decreased over the years and became less of a problem. “Laws making it illegal for someone under age 21 to purchase or possess alcohol have led to an 11 percent drop in alcohol-related traffic deaths among youth. From 1988 to 1995, alcohol-related traffic fatalities for youth ages 15 to 20 fell by 47 percent” (Degutis 3). Since the minimum legal drinking age was changed to 21, the results of drunk driving have lessen. The law is the only thing keeping the old problem from happening
Traffic crash rates have been inversely related with the minimum legal drinking age since the 1970’s. Studies conducted since the 1980’s analyzed how the change in the MLDA affected the outcome of total traffic crashes for youth, drinking-driving convictions, single-vehicle nighttime crash fatalities, and alcohol problems among youth. The MLDA needs to be at 21, because 67% of the studies completed have concluded that there was a significant decrease in traffic crashes and crash fatalities when the drinking age was higher. In addition, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that in 1987 alone, 1,071 traffic crashes were prevented because of the MLDA of 21 (NHTSA 1989). Lower rates of death caused by vehicle crashes were found in states with higher MLDA’s throughout these various studies, and a 16% decrease in vandalism rates were observed in 4 states that raised their MLDA.
According to James C. Fell is a senior program director at the Alcohol, Policy and Safety Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation in Calverton, Md. By lowering the drinking age to eighteen it just moves the spectrum down. So instead of an eighteen-year-old drinking underage that will move down to sixteen year olds drinking underage. He believes that it will make alcohol more accessible to younger teenagers, “A 16-year-old or a 14-year-old doesn 't look 21, but they may look 18.” (Ogilvie 2011)
On June 15,2013, in Burleson Texas, Ethan Couch lost control, colliding with a group of people assisting another driver with his car in the ditch. Ethan Couch was intoxicated, driving on a restricted license, and was speeding in a residential area. Ethan was only 16 when this crash happened and it was because he was intoxicated. This story demonstrated that drinking under the legal age can take many innocent people’s lives away. In the United States you must be 21 to have a alcoholic drink, but each state is different if you are cought under age drinking.
Should the U.S. Legal Drinking Age be lowered from 21 to 18 Years of Age? Alcohol is considered the drug of choice for many American youth. Statistics provide that there are more than 10.1 million underage drinkers in the U.S. with 85 percent of college students and 72 percent of 12 graders having tried alcohol. As a result, underage drinking contributes to death from injuries, increases the risk of sexual and physical assault, as well as playing a role in risky sexual behavior. However, there have been increasing debates over whether the minimum legal drinking age should be reduced from 21 years to 18 years.
Should the United States lower the legal drinking age, which is now twenty-one, to a more reasonable age, such as eighteen. The legal drinking age is unjust and unfair. Therefore, it should be lowered to eighteen to make all adults equal. Individuals often compare drinking with unsuccessfulness and/or recklessness, and that is not the case at all. Overtime there have been millions of successful and intelligent people that commonly consumed alcohol.
The pure thought to get caught by the police or your parents is frightening to teens or underage drinkers and that 's why people use binge drinking. Binge drinking is defined as excessive amounts of alcohol consumed in a short period of time. Teens do this because when your illegally drinking you don 't particularly have a lot of time to drink so you just do it as fast as you can to use the time you have with your friends to get wasted but to be home before curfew. Many accidents and deaths have happened because of binge drinking, and we could lower the chances of binge drinking by lowering the legal drinking age to 18. The effects alcohol takes on the brain is the only “downside” to lowering the drinking age, but if used responsibly it 's not that big of a problem.
(1998) investigated the use of fake identification to purchase alcohol by underage drinkers. Participants included 900 teenagers aged 16-19, whom completed self-report questionnaires based on their experience of trying to purchase alcohol (Schwartz et al., 1998). Borrowing and altering fake identification happened more often than purchasing it through the mail, as this method was sometimes unsuccessful (Schwartz et al., 1998). Similar findings were examined by Morleo, Cook, Bellis, and Smallthwaite (2010) investigating the use of fake identification between underage drinkers aged 15-16. A cross-sectional study was held investigating how the underage drinkers had purchased alcohol (Morleo et al., 2010).
Advocates and supporters of lowering the MLDA 21 to 18 allows young adults the right to make decisions about the consumption of alcohol. As the age of 18 entails an individual to legally become a young adult, receiving the “[rights] and responsibilities [required] to vote… and purchase cigarettes…” (Chiappetta), being prosecuted and tried as an adult, serve on juries, getting married, and drafting to the military – in which dangers the lives of themselves and others surrounding them. As lowering the MLDA from 21 to 18 will lessen the excitement to break the law for consuming alcohol finding the balance between moderation and consumption will become less taboo for workforce individuals and incoming university students. While allowing the consumption of alcohol in regulated and licensed environments and establishments as opposed to unsupervised house parties or fraternity houses “decreases the likelihood of danger and [controversial] actions” (McCardell). Advocates and adversaries of lowering the MLDA 21 both establish the safety of individuals who consume alcohol is always top priority.
The public agrees 72 percent of adults think that lowering the drinking age would make alcohol more accessible to kids, and nearly half think that it would increase binge drinking among teens. Lowering the drinking age would worsen the problems of underage and binge drinking. Advocates often point out that if a young adult is old enough to go to war and vote, he should have the power to imbibe alcoholic beverages. Does society think we should lower or higher the drinking age? Research indicates that when the minimum legal drinking age is 21, people under age 21 drink less overall and continue to do so through their early 20s.
In The united States the legal drinking age is 21 and many people have different opinions about that. The controversial topic brings many opinions, Should the drinking age be lowered ? Many people see it different ways and bring up good points but in many places in the world the drinking age is 18 and I agree that the united states should lower the drinking age. Furthermore at the age of 18 you turn to an adult a person pays bills for their car, house, and many other things.