History is comprised of so many figures and personalities who have made their mark – positively and negatively. Some people have made such a profound impact that their names become immemorial. Such is the case Benito Mussolini, the Italian dictator during the Second World War. His domestic and foreign policies at a time of war and turmoil that followed made him a name worthy of history books, even if these paint him in the negative light. His fascist focus and how he utilized this to manipulate Italians and the world, conveying the message that Italy no longer relies on class warfare and everyone is on an equal footing was appalling and amazing at the same time.
For example, Julius saw Brutus as a reliable and trustworthy friend. As the story continues, Cassius has forged letters written to Brutus explaining that he must repair the Roman empire, and not allow Caesar to be king. Finally, in act three when the conspirators begin to stab Caesar, he looks up and sees Brutus with a dagger and says “ Et tu Brute?” (III,i,77).
Italian Niccolo Machiavelli was a Renaissance politician, philosopher, historian, diplomat and writer whose work has been a major influence in modern political thought and helped shape the systems that govern us today. This essay intends to analyze some of the major differences between two of his most important writings, The Prince and The Discourses, and come to a conclusion on which of the works most accurately describes Niccolo’s true view of politics; and what his true views actually are. In Discourses, Machiavelli switches from his talk of principalities under a single ruler which is the basis of The Prince, and instead delves into the virtues of a republic. Ultimately, The Discourses represents a more accurate view of Machiavelli’s political beliefs. The Discourses, all in all, is a clearly stated political book that lays down the prerequisites to build a successful republic and how to maintain its virtues.
Propaganda is used by the World State from the novel “Brave New World” and Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Party. Propaganda is a way of persuading the masses for a certain organization or movement. It is a form of mind control and works on the fears and desires of the audience. The three forms of propaganda that the World State and Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Party, use are the following. Bandwagon, convincing the audience to take advantage of the offer before it is too late.
Specifically at the end of the epic in the death of Turnus by Aeneas. Throughout the epic, Vergil linked Aeneas with Augustus, both in his actions and in their destiny for Rome. The reader has sympathized with Aeneas at turns and thought of Turnus as his rival. In the end, rather than building Aeneas up as the conquering hero who will bring peace throughout the land, Vergil makes the audience appeal more to Turnus. Turnus pleas for his life to Aeneas with, “You’ve triumphed: the Italians see me asking for mercy, and Lavinia is your wife.
Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines Fascism as "a political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition." Basically what this breaks down to, also according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, although for students, Fascism is "a political system headed by a dictator in which the government controls business and labor and opposition, is not permitted." The Liberals continuously call the Conservatives, Fascists, but more often than not, in doing so, they themselves are being Fascists. For example, yesterday was a day set aside for the Conservatives to gather and show their support for President Trump. Plainly many Liberals protested this support because they cannot stand the fact that anyone wants to support our President.
Nationalism is extreme pride in one’s nationality or country and I think this is the most important contributing because each country wants to prove how they are better than one another so they are willing to go through any odds including war. For example in Fascist Germany, Adolf Hitler wanted to rebuild Germany which involved democracies that were weak, he incorporated communism which did not help the Nazis grow, and included the November Criminals who signed a treaty for Jews as being evil. He projected all the problems in Germany were caused by the Jews which started commotion. Benito Mussolini who was a dictator to Italy wanted to bring all glory back to Italy and rebuild the Holy Roman Empire. He suppressed rival parties, muzzled the
In fact, “the historical origins of Nazi Propaganda can be traced back to Hitler’s ‘Mein Kampf,’ in which he devoted two chapters to analyzing the importance of propaganda and its practice.” (Narayanaswarmi, 1.” Hitler himself even agreed that propaganda is an extremely effective weapon. He stated in his book, “Propaganda tries to force a doctrine on the whole people… It works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea.” In Hitler’s autobiography, he did not hesitate when he spewed out hatred against Jews; he said he believed Germans were superior, and he shared his point to destroy democratic countries and rid Europe of Jews.
Many of his works, especially in his essays, reflect his personal idea of nationalism. For example, in “Notes of Nationalism”, Orwell writes that it is “inseparable from the desire for power […] for the nation or other unit in which he has chosen to sink his own individuality”. Hence, he connects his idea of nationalism with the corruption of the government, which only has an objective, to obtain power. This same pattern can be clearly seen in 1984. One of the most important scenes in the novel, in which Winston asks to O’Brien why the Party subjugates Oceania’s population, he defines the Party’s objective as to “seek power entirely for its own sake [and] interested solely in
Although many people opposed Adolf Hitler when he attempted to rise to power in Germany, he had just enough supporters to begin his great conquest of an unattainable goal- to create a practically perfect society made up only of Aryans. Through this hideously fascist transformation of Germany, along with that of Italy and Japan, we are left to wonder, why fascism? As humans, we tend to look into more extreme solutions as our problems worsen. Whether it be poverty, sadness, or death, we fear pain and discomfort. When faced with these hardships, we become increasingly desperate for relief.
Mussolini made a group paramilitary unit called the “Black Shirts,” they would terrorise political opponents. Mussolini was successful and by 1922 Italy slipped into political chaos. Mussolini saw this as a chance to gain authority of Italy. Soon after this happened Mussolini declared that on he could restore order and he was given authority. By 1925 Mussolini had dismantled all democratic institution.
For those who supported imperialism in the 1900s followed three vital reasons in the encouragement in which were Economic Factors, Military Factors, and Cultural Factors. In the United States officials have direct or indirect affects in the jurisdiction between other countries. In fact, the United States in this case wanted to acquire new markets in which goods are to be sold. Imperialism pertains a crucial military factor in which enforcement and overall involvement of imperialism. A key factor in the opposition of imperialism is the moral belief of democracy and the laws we abide to as citizens in the United States.
In an examination of the minds of fascist leaders, world renowned psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich stated, “Fascist mentality is the mentality of the subjugated "little man" who craves authority and rebels against it at the same time” (Reich, 7). This statement embodies the meaning of fascism as it explains the minds of those who lead such political systems. These leaders recognize fascism as an alternative system to the dominant ideology,for example the ideals of democracy, and seek to go against the powers of significant authority and their ideals through gaining significant authority for only themselves. This can be seen when Hitler sought to go against the supposedly “inferior” within Germany, through the Treaty of Versaille.
The Conservative military soldier Paul von Hindenburg was elected president in 1925, and Germany stabilized. Hitler maneuvered through Nazi Party politics and emerged as the leader. The Führerprinzip, or leader principle, established Hitler as the one and only for the Party members swore loyalty unto death. Final decision that is the responsibility of Hitler, and his strategy was to develop a highly structured party that could compete in Germany 's future elections. Hitler hoped to create a bureaucracy which he visioned as "the germ of the future state.
Q7. The Fascist nations were extremely powerful during their time, along with the strong leadership they provided. Fascism is a political movement which promotes extreme forms of militarism and nationalism. It includes the denial of individual rights and dictatorial one-party rule. Fascism has several characteristics; for example, social, chief examples, basic principles, political, economic, and cultural characteristics.