Benito Mussolini's Fascist Movement

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After World World I, Italy was in a chaotic state of cultural, political, and economic change. The outcome of the Treaty of Versailles left the Italian people with many problems, which cause even more turmoil. An Italian born military leader named Benito Mussolini felt he needed to do something for his country, so in the year 1919 he introduced Fascism. Webster's dictionary defines fascism as “a political movement, or regime that stands for a centralized autocratic government lead by a dictatorial leader” (Webster,2017). While some people believe Mussolini’s “Fascist Movement” to be deficient”, I believe that through Mussolini’s rise to power and creation of the Fascist regime helped strengthen his desire to unify the Italian population. Mussolini…show more content…
He proved this with the creation of The Black Shirts, which was a group of Italian war veterans. This group was tired of the state of Italy after the war and they believed Mussolini could make Italy as it was before the war. The Italian people received very little from The Treaty of Versailles, they were told that they would get the Adriatic Coast but did not end up getting what they were promised which left them very bitter and decided to turn to Mussolini for change. Mussolini gained many supporters this helped him beat D’Annunzio, who was another politician running against him. Mussolini had public speaking skills, military service and a large group of supporters who were from the military and working class who were backing him which strengthened his campaign. A historian named Robert Paxton said, “Above all Mussolini bested D’Annunzio by serving economic and social interests as well as nationalist sentiment” (Paxton 2004). This lead to his rise to power and him as sole…show more content…
“The “return to order” planned by Mussolini and his officials was merely the initial step of a comprehensive program of domestic transformation that would allow the country to emerge as an international and colonial power” (Ghiat. 2001). Italy did not have a leader prior to him that possessed both military greatness and national pride. His military conquests in the mediterranean area in countries like Libya, Ethiopia and Albania started to bring military power and respect back to the Italian nation. The military war veterans of World War I were a major step for Mussolini he was able to give them the leader that could give them a fresh start because they felt like their country forgot about them after they came back from the war. This proved to make the war veterans like him even more in Italy which added to his favor and he started to make more promises to the Italian people as long as they kept their trust in
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