Malik, V. S., B. M. Popkin, G. A. Bray, J. P. Despres & F. B. Hu (2010) Sugar-sweetened beverages, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease risk. Circulation, 121, 1356-64. Pan, A., Q. Sun, A. M. Bernstein, J. E. Manson, W. C. Willett & F. B. Hu (2013) Changes in red meat consumption and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: three cohorts of US men and women. JAMA Intern Med, 173, 1328-35.
ClinicalEndocrinology 2012 76 911–918. Michalaki MA, Vagenakis AG, Leonardou AS, Argentou MN, Habeos IG, MakriMG, et al. Thyroid Function in Humans with Morbid Obesity. Thyroid 2006;16:73-8 Bastemir M, Akin F, Alkis E, Kaptanoglu B. Obesity is associated with increased serum TSH level, independent of thyroid function. Swiss Med wkly 2007;137:431-4.
In them article “Let Them Eat Fat” the Author, Greg Crister, uses concrete facts and figures to buttress his arguments. Several researches were considered. There were also comparisons among race, culture, gender and social classes. For instance, “In 1998, Dr. David Satcher, the new U.S. surgeon general, was moved to declare childhood obesity to be epidemic. "Today," he told a group of federal bureaucrats and policymakers, "we see a nation of young people seriously at risk of starting out obese and dooming themselves to the difficult task of overcoming a tough illness."
COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERVENTIONS TO AVOID COMPLICATIONS AND MANAGEMENT IN DIABETES MELLITUS: A NARRATIVE REVIEW FROM SOUTH-EAST ASIAN PERSPECTIVE Shazia Qasim Jamshed 1, Akshaya Srikanth2, Abdul Kareem Al-Shami 1 1. Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia 2. Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Abstract Background and Aims: Asians accounts 60% of the world’s diabetic population with a different burden on young and middle-aged. The objective is to critically evaluate the published literature relevant to cost-effectiveness analysis of interventions to prevent complications and
ABSTRACT Objective: As the peptic ulcer affects 2-10% of the population and is gradually affecting more of the young as compared to the old so a study was designed to identify the factors associated and look for the complications and incidence of peptic ulcer perforation in young adults. Methods: Patients of either sex between 18-30 years of age diagnosed of peptic ulcer perforation (gastric or duodenal ulcer perforation) failing to respond to medical therapy, admitted on an emergency basis were included into the study. Intra-operative findings pertaining to exploration under general anesthesia, release of free gas as the abdomen was opened, site and size of perforation, amount and nature of peritoneal contamination present were made note
Top 5 Effective Belly Fat Exercises |Weight Loss Tips Collection of Working Weight Loss Tips Wednesday, June 5th, 2013 at 9:13 am Nowadays, people are more concerned about their increasing obesity especially for their belly fat. If you are the one and want to burn your belly fat exercises is the perfect way to burn belly fats. Belly fats is the abdominal fat or in more clinical sense known as the visceral obesity. When the body is accumulates certain amount of belly fat, it can results in swelling in waist size as well as it can develop higher risks of heart diseases, diabetes and possibility of cancer. Therefore, you should really need to do everything in order to burn your central
There have been over fifty kinds of adipolins been identified, but adiponectin and leptin worth our further discussion. Hormonal function of Adipose Tissue in Causing of Obesity As the level of plasma adiponectin concentration fall with increasing obesity, with the effect more significant in men than in women, this is correlated to insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. Insulin resistance means glucose builds up in the blood instead of being transfer to glycogen to store in liver or being absorbed by the cells, will easily lead to type 2 diabetes. For leptin, which is the first adipocyte hormone identified, can influence food intake through a direct effect on the hypothalamus. Research proved that in human and rodents, plasma leptin concentrations are highly correlated with BMI.For most obese individuals, they have high leptin concentrations which facilitates the secretion of extra adipose tissue.
Body mass index BMI is a standard measurement for body weight. Obesity brings lots of disadvantage to people health. Many health issues arise due to obesity, example like cardiovascular disease, Type -2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, cancers-endometrial and others. Basically if patient is overweight or obese, we will encourage them in losing weight, and having a healthy life style and avoid intake of high cholesterol, sugar, fat. 5.
Retrieved from NIH website https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/major-depression.shtml Nemeth, C. L., Harrell, C. S., Beck, K. D., & Neigh, G. N. (2013). Not all depression is created equal: sex interacts with disease to precipitate depression. Biology Of Sex Differences, 4(1), 1-10. doi:10.1186/2042-6410-4-8 Parekh, R.,(2017) What is depression? Retrieved from American Psychiatric Association website https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/depression/what-is-depression Rice, F. (2010). Genetics of childhood and adolescent depression: insights into etiological heterogeneity and challenges for future genomic research.
Childhood obesity is, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) one of the most public health challenges of the 21 century, with over 42 million children under 5 estimated to be overweight (WHO). The epidemic is caused by a global trend towards radically reduced physical activity levels. This is coupled by a global shift in diet towards energy-dense foods that are high in fat, salt and sugars (HFSS), but low in vitamins and minerals, and advertising and marketing for these types of food products are argued to be partly to blame for the shift in dietary intake. There are some considerable concerns expressed about the Level of children’s exposure to brands on social networks, leading to complex arguments about children’s resulting sense of reality and feelings of self-esteem. Skaar (2009) for example argues that the constant viewing of brands and products online, and the opportunity for children to adopt the strategies and resources of professional marketers to market them, lay foundations for social competition and reinforces patterns of exclusion and uniformity.
Who or what is to blame for the increase of obesity? Thinking Sociologically about Sources of Obesity in the United States by Robert L. Peralta examines obesity as a "disease" (Peralta 200). Peralta provides multiple possibilities to why United States citizens are becoming heavier. He argues that the government aid programs, availability, and cost of nutritious foods makes it difficult to eat healthy (200). Next, the article infers that obesity could be largely a social issue.
In any case, now we should investigate the larger picture, which is that in ten years that is a total gain of thirty pounds. This weight gain can lead to type two diabetes which is associated with being overweight and numerous health issues emerge, for example, heart attack, stroke and kidney disease just to name a few. There are so many negative side consequences for obesity and essentially, we need to commit to fighting this epidemic. I must say it is disturbing that this is the first generation of children that will live a shorter life than their parents will. I think one serious issue is that food quality has decreased in a major way because corporations want to maximize profit.
Psychology: An introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, Z.S., Nelson, C.B., Hughes, M., Eshelman, S., Wittchen, H.U., & Kendler, K.S. (1993). Lifetime and 12 month prevlance of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey.
Emma’s BMI (body mass index) is 34 which on a body mass index scale is considered very obese. Obesity is one of the main risk factors that can have an effect on Emma’s fertility. Obesity can cause a variation of fertility issues such as to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), insulin resistance, and issues with menstruation and ovulation. A simple loss of five to ten percent of Emma’s body weight can restore ovulation. Emma’s high BMI can lead to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Three such measures are weight loss of program participants, versus the control group, blood pressure of the program participants versus the control group and serum cholesterol numbers of the people participating in the program versus the control group. As already noted all of these (and more) are associated with obesity and its consequences (Grundy, 2004). Teaching Methods and