Home is where the heart is, but what if home is no longer safe? Joyce Carol Oates explores this concept in her 1966 short story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been”. On surface level, this story appears to discuss a rebellious young girl named Connie and her confrontation with Arnold Friend, a stalker. The ending leaves the reader to assume that Arnold Friend plans to sexually assault the young girl. However, looking beyond what is initially shown, a new context can adhered to the plot. Carl Jung’s theory of archetypal patterns delves into the human psyche by analyzing its parts. According to Jung, the human mind is split into three different parts; the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious- which can be split into many different archetypes that impact personality (McLeod). Oates uses archetypes and symbolism to show the battle of a young girl trying make her own home and identity in a world that
Most stories from ancient times to now use the idea of good vs. evil or heros vs. villians in some form. In most stories these roles are clearly defined with a definite idea of who is on which side, and the characters in these roles stay in them throughout the story. Other times who is on which side is less clearly shown, and shifts in characters from one side to the other. Over the course of Frankenstein, Victor and the monster alternate the archetypical roles of hero and villain, thus Mary Shelley is saying that people and characters are not strictly defined to be in one role.
Neo-analytic theorist Carl Jung believed that there were two forms of the unconscious: the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. Under the collective unconscious falls archetypes, which are universal, and common
Carl Jung developed a theory of archetypes to account for an explanation to the shared images that are recurrent in time and space across different cultures. The meaning of the word archetype in its original Greek form is “original pattern” from which other patterns evolve. In his theory Jung differentiated between two types of unconsciousness: a collective and a personal one. He believed that archetypes are contained in the collective unconscious, which he understands as a type of knowledge all the people from a given group are born with, they are intrinsic to them. Despite not being aware the collective unconscious it dictates how people act in certain situations, mainly those related to emotions. For Jung the personal unconscious stores what could be conscious at any moment but is
According to Snow (2010), personality is divided into two parts; outer world, which consists of all the explicit behaviours which are shared with others, and inner world which is inconspicuous such as thoughts, dreams,
Personality is something that all of us possess within and remains relatively consistent and permanent throughout our lives. According to Davenport, 2017, “personality consists of the recurring patterns of thoughts, emotions, characteristics, and behaviors that make a person unique”.
The Jungian archetype was first introduced by Carl Gustav Jung, a psychiatrist at the University of Zurich, who with Sigmund Fred explored the unconscious of the human psyche. Jung came to believe that there is a shadow behind a person mind and Freud disagreed to such idea and rather say that it was just the limbo. Although their friendship did not last that long, Jung came up with an idea in which believed that universal, mythic characters live within the collective unconscious of people over world. These type of archetypes can be seen in the short stories of Edgar Allan Poe
Carl G. Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist, and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology, comes up with several theories which influenced many fields from psychology to literature and films. Jung focuses on the deep sides of the psyche and he suggests that our unconscious part is also connected to our ancestors and myths in terms of archetypal norms (Jung 261) In Jungian psychology there are various levels of psyche such as persona, anima/animus, shadow, self and many more. Among these levels, shadow plays an important role in the human psyche. Shadow is a concept where less likeable features reside in and it is the opposite of the ego (Caro iv). By being the center of the consciousness, ego is confronted with the shadow in some cases by means of external effects. In
Erik Erikson was a student of Freud whose approach to psychoanalysis was called ego psychology (Larsen & Buss, 2008). It is believed that ego was the most powerful part of a personality.
Every individual goes through different experiences that mold them into who they are. The combination of their genetic makeup, the environment in which an individual is exposed to, peers, culture, and many other factors determine who they are as an individual (Twenge & Campbell, 2016). This is also what is considered to be an individual’s personality. It is the greatest influence on how an individual will react in any given situation; not everyone will react the same in any situation. Personality is the recurring patterns of thoughts, behaviors, and feelings that can be seen across all situations and time (Twenge & Campbell, 2016, p. 6). If an individual’s personality includes being highly extraverted, then reactions and responses should be
The existence of the subconscious mind is widely believed to have been first discovered by Sigmund Freud (1900) . He stated that the subconscious mind is like a big storehouse for repressed desires that is exclusive to each individual and they’re shaped by your life experiences, your memories and beliefs that can’t be deliberately brought to surface. For example, our basic instinct like urges for aggression and sex are contained in the subconscious mind and do not reach our consciousness because we see them as unacceptable to our rational and conscious selves. They are a part of your mind that you can’t access by your own will, a portion of minds that sleeps within you but in some ways affect your thought processes, behaviours and actions in
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development.
According to the Jung Personality Test, I have the personality type ENFP, or (E)Extraversion (N)iNtuition (F)Feeling (P)Perception . When people think of the personality type ENFP, most people typically think of someone warm, enthusiastic, and energetic. Whilst others think of someone who is directionless and has little forbearance. Although I have all of the traits included in this persona, some of them are less prevalent than others. Despite the fact that many people would think that I don’t know what I’m doing, or I at times seem like I have no purpose, I actually am just caught up in the enigma and possibilities all around me. With this personality comes a broad range of talents, exceptional persuasiveness, and creativity to
Over the years, many theories have been developed to study the human personality. Some of the notable theories are psychoanalytic theory, trait theory, humanistic theory and behavioural theory. In this assignment, we have chosen to compare and contrast the psychoanalytic and humanistic theories.
Personality is defined as the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual 's unique character. Personality theory is the approaches to understanding the “What”, “How” and “When” of characteristics and features that make up an individual 's personality. An insight into personality is important to understand the function of a person’s mind. By doing this you would be able to understand and observe your own psyche from an outside perspective, interact with others better and understand why they do what they do or predict how someone may react to something.