Case Study: The Chesapeake Bay

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The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States located between Maryland and Virginia lying inland from the Atlantic Ocean. It has more than 150 major rivers and streams covering parts of six states New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland Virginia and West Virginia. Nearly 17 million people live in the Chesapeake Bay watershed and affect the waters pollution. The Bay is very important to the economy of Maryland and Virginia providing economic resources, including crabs, oysters and rockfish, as well as recreational activities in and around the water. Due to the increase in the amount of pollution in the water, the wildlife and the recreational activities in the bay have slowly went down. To try to fix and understand why this …show more content…

Environmental Protection Agency to conduct a five-year study of the Bay resources and water quality. Their study focused on three major problems of the Bay nutrient over enrichment, toxic substances and the decline of submerged aquatic vegetation. In 1983 the three surrounding states. “The District of Columbia, and the federal government signed a pact, the Chesapeake Bay Agreement of 1983, committing them to improve and protect [the] water quality of the Chesapeake Bay through coordinated activities” (Bockstael). Which they planned to improve and protect the water quality and living resources of the Chesapeake Bay estuarine system to restore and maintain the Bay’s ecological integrity, productivity, and beneficial uses and to protect public health. A group of professors, N. E. Bockstael, K.E. McConnell and I. E. Strand, from the University of Maryland Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics wrote an empirical article about “Measuring the Benefits of improvements in Water Quality: The Chesapeake Bay”. Addressing the question of the human values from the Bay. How do people use the Bay and how much are they willing to pay for the changes in water quality that improve their use? In this paper we will review the data and methods used, what the major findings in their research, and what the strengths and weaknesses of the analysis was

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