Introduction In order for a coral reef to be productive and healthy, the water quality in the ocean should be maintained. Water quality not only affects coral reefs, but the other organisms that live on it and are involved with the natural food chain. Some of the factors that can influence water quality are nutrients, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, light, and chlorophyll present. Water is essential to every living organism because it helps with respiration, maintaining body temperature, digestion and provides energy. This experiment involved taking water samples from Ferry Reach off the BIOS dock and analyzing different factors to determine general conclusions about how water quality affects reef ecosystems.
Scientist has estimated that there are at least 100,000 archeological sites on the Chesapeake Bay. Only a small amount have been documented so far but, the pollution doesn 't make that easy to discover more. The rich history in the Chesapeake Bay is now being ruined because of the growing pollution issue, which is why many people are fighting to stop
Professor Petersen-Mahrt Svend of SEMM The European School of Molecular Medicine states that E. gracilis has a high sensitivity to environmental changes such as the change in pH levels (Petersen-Mahrt 1997). The pH level [of the environment] can directly distress the absorption of nutrients in marine environments. E. gracilis has been found to endure an expansive range [compared to] other algae (Danilov and Ekelund 2001). Through studies done by William J. Robbins, a botanist from Columbia University, E. gracilis has been found to grow best at a pH level of 3.0
There are many alternatives to overfishing that will help control the population. 1. With a better management system, more referred to as fishing rights, people can reverse the reasons that prime to overfishing. With fishing rights in effect, commercial fishermen benefits are projected to the long-term well-being of the fishery. Their yearly intake improves also the fish population
Exploring the potential measures to adapt to changing climatic condition. 2.Materials/Methods 2.1.Study sites: Socioeconomic data will be collected from several coastal fishing communities in the coast of Japan. Sites will be selected based on the important sardine fishing community those are accessible and occupied within the a similar spectrum of social and environmental conditions (Cinner et al., 2009). 2.2. Data collection and methods: Several different research approaches have been developed to examine the vulnerability of a particular community to environmental change (Adger and Vincent, 2005; Bene, 2009; Brooks et al., 2005; Cutter, 1996; Yohe and Tol, 2002).
Of the 260 million tons of plastic the world produces each year, about 10 percent ends up in the Ocean, according to a Greenpeace report (Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans, 2006). Seventy percent of the mass eventually sinks, damaging life on the seabed. The rest floats in open seas, often ending up in gyres, circular motion of currents, forming conglomerations of swirling plastic trash called garbage patches, or ultimately ending up washed ashore on someone’s beach. But the washed up or floating plastic pollution is a lot more than an eyesore or a choking and entanglement hazard for marine animals or birds. Once plastic debris enters the water, it becomes one of the most pervasive problems because of plastic’s properties: buoyancy, durability, propensity to absorb waterborne pollutants, its ability to get fragmented in microscopic pieces, and more importantly, its proven possibility to decompose, leaching toxic Bisphenol A (BPA) and other toxins in the
On product packaging, they have marked on environmental policies, including the volume and weight loss related to containers and packaging, manual, and to reduce the thickness of continuous improvement. Furthermore, they are renewable resources effectively utilized. Distribution With the help of UPS Supply Chain Solution from 2005, Nikon developed the synchronized supply chain strategy. This strategy significantly Nikon shorten the supply chain and improve distribution market and customers. Meanwhile, with the help of professional distributors, Nikon can focus more on developing new products and improve product quality.
The article thoroughly explains how coastal wetlands provide many benefits to the global economy and ecosystems. Some of the benefits listed in the article include protection against floods, production of goods, and water purification. Woodward (2001) aims to value coastal wetlands in order to increase efforts put into restoration. The article will be useful because it lists a great amount of benefits that coastal wetlands provides and would allow for the creation of solutions on how to maintain these benefits. Zedler, J.B., Kercher, S. (2005).
Much of the trash such as glass and plastic can be recycled at port, but if it is not recycled, it is incinerated and then dumped at sea, contributing to the floating plastic debris that has a serious effect on a wide range of marine organisms. According to the Coast Guard there is more the one million birds and 100,000 marine mammals that die each year from ingesting or becoming entangled in plastic debris. In addition to this waste, industries onboard generate waste from photo shops, print shops, x-ray development, batteries, paint, and solvents. These toxic wastes have been known to cause death and reproductive failure in a number of marine