His works have given people outside Indian nations to peek into the cultures which revolve a fictitious South Indian town, Malgudi. His works include novels like ‘The Guide’, ‘The English Teacher’, and ‘A Tiger for Malgudi’. Both writers regardless of somewhat different backgrounds share a common trait in which both writers employed the use of realism in their works. Based ‘The Ruined Nest and Other Stories’ and ‘The Guide’, both Tagore and Narayan portrayed the bits and pieces of the Bengali and Indian lives in their true forms eliminating the idealistic
The story of an artist, Drishya, during the height of the Nepalese Civil War is highlighted in this novel. The novel is the love story of Drishya and the first generation American Nepali, Palpasa, who has returned to the land of her parents after nine years. It is also an anti-war novel and describes the effects on the Nepali lifestyles. Also, present the effect faced by Drishya during his travels. This novel shows the tourchered and troubled faced by Nepali citizens gave by the Maoist and the government and reflects the dead bodies of people who used to die without any reason.
The narration moves from past to present in exploring the various events that happened in her life and that of the Dalit in a caste based society. The novel moves from the village to convent with the harrowing experiences of a Dalit child and some childhood memories which throw light on Dalit identity formations within South Indian cultures. Karukku is the narration of painful memories, despair, disillusionment, dejection and the pathetic conditions of the life and culture of people where women are subjected to sexual harassment and physical assault. Incidents are narrated and over narrated and reinterpreted each time to express the oppression of dalits is only because of Cultural inheritance. Even in the novels, Sangathi and Vanvam and vedantta, Bama does the same by depicting the lives of Dalit women.
Most interestingly, writes the twentieth Century Celebrity Kancha Ilaiah(1996) that “Instead of depending on Western methods, Phule, Ambedkar and Periyar spoke and wrote on the day- to- day- experiences of the Dalit castes. He has made a pertinent point in this regard, stressing that 'personal experience brings out reality in a striking way'. He would argue that this is the only possible and indeed the most authentic way in which the deconstruction and reconstruction of history can take place (Why I am not a Hindu: A Sudra Critique of Hindutva Philosophy,Culture and Political
The four major phases in this trajectory, that is largely accepted are: the first phase is one with complete subservience and intellectual slavery, the second one is total defiance and a falling back on desperate nativity and national identity, the third a sort of internationalism and universalisation (sadharanikarana), and the last, that is almost concurrent with the third, one of creative integration. Consequently, a large number of Indians were greatly moved by the genuine desire to present before the western readers an authentic picture of India through their writings. The works of various writers get not only a vast category of readers, but also receive a vast critical acclaim. Many Indian writers have choosen English as a medium of expression and left a great impact on different forms of literature. For example Toru Dutt, Pandita Ramabai Saraswati, Sri Aurobindo, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Mulk Raj Anand, R. K. Narayan, Raja Rao, Nissim Ezekiel, Nayantara Sahgal, Kamala Das, Jayant Mahapatra, Anita Desai, Bharati Mukherjee, Salman Rushdie, Shashi Deshpande, and some recent Indian writers such as Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai, Arvind Adiga, Chetan Bhagat and many others have been using English to represent the Indian culture and spirit.
Gulzar’s poetry too is filled with rural aspects like almost all films under his direction. As a keen observer of villages, Gulzar never turns his eyes away from the rural life as he himself was born in a village ‘Dina’ which is now in Pakistan. He is aware of all the rural aspects including culture, tradition,
Ramdhari Singh Dinkar- The Patriotic Nationalist Poet Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ was a renowned revolutionary Indian Hindi poet. He was a prominent poet of rebellion for his nationalist poetry which he wrote in the days before Indian independence. He was a poet, essayist and academic. After independence, he has been addressed as a Rashtrakavi (National Poet) for his inspirational nationalistic compositions. His bravery based poems was his famous works.
The Indian novelists in English, by using various linguistic and stylistic devices, have succeeded in infusing the rhythm of Indian languages into English and in assigning the Indian sensibility. Their language items form Indian thought and imagery and acquire a distinctive identity and elasticity. In the words of Prof. Gokak, Indian English Literature represents the evolution of a distinct standard, the body of which is English but whose soul is Indian in color, thought and imagery. There are different opinions regarding this experimentation in the style. Meenakshi Mukherjee states that the style is not integral to the author’s point of view but something added to the material like ‘icing on the cake or embroidery on a sari’.
Dhyanesh Narayan may be could not do properly and line by line translation of Dākghar. But his efficiency is remarkable in this context. These Sanskrit translations is a wealth for Sanskrit
Gujarati Tribal literature is mostly oral, but there have been attempts by some non-Tribals like Chandrashobha Deshmukh, L.D. Joshi, Nathji Pathak, Pandurang Vanikar, Dr. Bhagwandas Patel, Hasu Yagnik and others to document it in written forms. And Tribals like Lalchand Ninama, Ghelubhai Nayak, Shankarbhai and Revaben Tadvi, and others have made tremendous efforts to record and preserve Tribal literature. Dr. Ganesh Devi the director of Tribal Academy, Tejgadh, Gujarat deserves a special mention for his efforts to preserve and highlight the importance of the Tribal languages and culture. Contemporary Tribal writers like Surmal Vahoniya, Jeetendra Vasava and others have taken up the pen to relate the unique Tribal experiences which till recently have been only oral.