According to Aristotle triangle, he advocates for the ability to persuade the audience and speaker with employing pathos, ethos, and logos. The ethical appeals are the ethos; emotional appeal is pathos, while the logical appeals are logos. Abortion is a hotly debated issue across the world. In the USA, the current political climate alongside the economic recession is affecting factors precipitating abortion, and this is warranting investigation on the reasons for the same (Lawrence, et al. 2005). The abortion in America is a big issue, and therefore the paper examines the ethical, moral and logical arguments behind seeking, statistics, and justifying the acts.
Rosalind Hursthouse in her paper Virtue Theory and Abortion, handles with the moral standpoint of abortion from a virtue ethics perspective. Her research is directed towards investigating whether or not an abortion is something a virtuous person would do. Hursthouse examines the morally relevant considerations and in so doing, she rejects the standard questions used to determine the morality of an abortion such as the status of the fetus, and the rights of a women. The morally relevant considerations she sees fit to assess the moral legitimacy of an abortion are concerns with family relationship, personal circumstance, and basic biological facts. Through her considerations, Hurthouses account of virtue ethics gives us adequate moral advice in regards to the question of abortion.
"Flowers for Algernon" is the short story of a man named Charlie Gordon. Charlie is a 37 year old man. He is not very smart. He has an IQ lower than 70, but he wants to be smart like the rest of the people in his life. He doesn’t want to be dumb anymore. Charlie has an operation done to him to make him smarter. In order to get this operation done Charlie has to take a series of tests. Charlie's doctors, Dr. Nemur and Dr. Straus, need him to take the tests to see if he is the right person to use for the operation. They do use him for the operation, the operation they give him is supposed to make him very smart. When the doctors preform the operation they are supposed to make very ethical medical decisions. Ethics are moral standards that show you right from
Pregnancy, giving birth, and abortion are three interrelated topics. They offer moral dilemmas that aren’t easily solved or tackled. In this paper, I will discuss abortion and I will approach it from the point of view of a consequentialist, a deontological ethicist, and a virtue ethicist. I will start by defining abortion, provide some information about the reasons why women opt to abort a fetus, then give a specific example of a moral dilemma that a woman is facing, and explore the dilemma from the different points of view.
You won't believe what happens in Lucille Fletcher’s “The Hitchhiker,” Ronald Adams is running away from his problems but he keeps making them worse by chasing after them. This means that the more he runs away the angrier this man gets. Another theme that I found was that death is coming to claim what is rightfully his. This means that this mysterious man is trying to take something thing back that was once his. Fletcher uses craft techniques to develop the theme. The author tells what is happening in the story by putting in dialogue in her writing to make it more interesting. When the author uses dialogue for Adams, it just makes more conflict with the main character.
An ethical dilemma today in society is that of abortion, which one would define as a deliberate end to a pregnancy. Various arguments exist questioning if an abortion is morally justifiable. Some say the state should decide on the legality of an abortion, some politicians say the federal government should decide, and many believe it should be up to the women since it pertains to their body. In this paper, I will analyze what a utilitarian’s perspective on abortion would be.
The concept of ethics entails systemizing, justifying, and recommending right and wrong conduct. It involves in practical reasoning: good, right, duty, obligation, virtue, freedom, rationality, and choice. Humanity has questioned this concept of ethics and ‘good’ for as long as it has survived, as it deals with real-life issues such as “what is morally right and wrong?” and “how do people ought to act?” Such ethical dilemmas can be found in people’s everyday lives, and although appears to be a straightforward question, there is much debate over which standard of behavior people should abide to when responding to certain situations, and determining what is morally right or wrong.
“And know-I knew that he was beckoning-beckoning me to my death.” Adams, from the story “Hitchhiker”. In the “Hitchhiker” by Lucille Fletcher, there is a man named Adams who is driving from New York to California and along the way he is followed by a hitchhiker. In the “Pedestrian” by Ray Bradbury, Leonard Mead goes out for a walk every night and one night he gets in trouble with the police. The “Hitchhiker” by Lucille Fletcher, is more suspenseful than the “Pedestrian” by Ray Bradbury, because of the writing techniques: imagery, word-choice, and dialogue.
Rationalism and empiricism are two methods that can be understood under the concept of epistemology, psychology and philosophy of psychology to understand where the source of knowledge comes from. “In psychology and its philosophy, empiricism and rationalism concern the sources of psychological states and capacities that may include, but are not confined to, state of knowledge (Longworth, 2009).”
In an article published in the Boston Gazette, in 1768, Samuel Adams voices his opinion using inductive reasoning on how the Quartering Act along with the King and his troops are eradicating a civil and sane government system that once was. Samuel Adams’s primary experience as an American colonist, newspaper publisher and his clear knowledge of his government, as evoked throughout his writing, gives him credentials, or ethos, along with the fact of him being a Harvard graduate, American statesman, and tax collector. Samuel Adams displays his thoughts stating that the Crown and soldiers within England - the government who create laws for its 13 colonies- feel as they are not obligated to adhere to that same law.
In this essay I will write about the strengths and weaknesses of perception as a way of knowing. Perception is the way we perceive the world through our senses. We use all five of our senses, which are sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch to understand the world and interpret it. We can then say it’s a Primary way of knowledge. We can also say that, because the senses is the way our body communicates, we have at least three more senses: kinesthetic sense, which is our awareness of our body’s dimensions and movement; vestibular sense, which is the awareness of the human’s balance and spacial orientation; and organic sense, which is the manifest of the internal organs (for example, hunger or thirst). But can our senses trick us and affect what we know of the world? How can we know that the reality we know is simply a figment of our imagination?
Whilst the knower’s perspective is always essential in the pursuit of knowledge, it’s essence is greater in some areas of knowledge than others. Perspective shapes both what we pursue in knowledge and it affects how we interpret pursued knowledge. Whilst the latter has greater influence over subjective areas such as the arts and history, the former affects even the pursuit of knowledge in more objective areas such as the natural sciences and maths. What’s more, for knowledge to be knowledge, there must be a knower. Each individual knower gains knowledge through the ways of knowing reason and emotion (amongst others); these ways of knowing shape and are shaped by our perspective. More often than not, the knowledge that we pursue has been given to us by another knower, especially in areas of knowledge like history; in this case the previous knowers perspective also shapes our pursuit of knowledge. Thus, in areas of knowledge where shared knowledge is pivotal we draw upon a shared perspective, not just that of the individual knower. Due to perspective affecting knowledge in such a magnitude of ways, it is essential in all areas of knowledge. Through exploring the pursuit of knowledge in three different areas of knowledge: the arts, history and the natural sciences, it becomes apparent, that although to different extents, perspective is essential in shaping each.
The debate whether abortion is morally permissible or not permissible is commonly discussed between the considerations of the status of a fetus and ones virtue theory. A widely recognized theory of pro-choice advocates can be thought to be that their ethical view is that fetus’s merely are not humans because they lack the right to life since they believe a fetus does not obtain any sort of mental functions or capability of feelings. Although this may be true in some cases it is not in all so explaining the wrongness of killing, between the common debates whether a fetus does or does not obtain human hood, should be illustrated in a way of a virtuous theory. The wrongness of killing is explained by what the person or fetus is deprived of, such as their right to life; not by means of a heart beat or function of one’s body, but by the fact that it takes their ability of potentially growing into a person to have the same human characteristics as we do.
In the world today, morality is not black and white anymore, it has developed into a gray area in which can scarcely be defined. The dictionary definition of morality is stated as "the quality of being in accord with standards of right or good conduct." Be that as it may, everyone has a contrasting opinion or view of right and wrong. This disagreement of opinion on what is moral causes controversy, such as the topic of abortion. Since abortion is simply put as the killing of an unborn child, why are women that kill their children convicted as murders when women who abort their children are not convicted as murderers? In fact, abortion is destroying the life of a child; therefore, it should be expressed as morally wrong, except when circumstances
In today’s world, many people tend to have a set of ethical principles which is one of the guidelines for them to follow on. The question is how he or she defines ethics? To answer, Ethics is best defined as knowing what is right or wrong in the action based on the moral principles. Moreover, it is also known as the branch of knowledge that deals with ethical issues. In relation, there are some ethical theories which deal with the ethical issues. The consequentialist theorist can be taken as an example. Consequentialist theories are a theory in which it is based on the consequences of an action. Based on the movie assignment, The Island, there are some major views that the consequentialist theories have on the movie. One of the major