ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease refers to the kidneys have been damaged by conditions, such as diabetes, glomerulonephritis or high blood pressure. Kidney disease also makes more possible to mature heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen gently on long period of time, often without any symptoms. It may eventually lead to kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant to preserve survival time. So the primary detection and treatment can prevent or deferral of these complications. One of the main challenges is giving proper treatment and accurate diagnosis of the disease. The major task is to find an accurate algorithm which doesn’t require long time to run for giving accurate and correct results. The aim of this …show more content…
CKD is a long term disorder caused by damage to both kidneys , . There is no single cause and the damage is typically permanent and can lead to ill health. In some cases dialysis or transplantation may become essential. Diabetes mellitus is also becoming more common in one cause of CKD. Chronic kidney disease is become more frequently in older people and consequently is likely to increase in the population as a whole. People with chronic kidney diseases are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and they should be recognized early so that appropriate preemptive measures can be taken . In the early stages of CKD people may be unaware that they have some illness so the blood or urine test may be an only way to discover the disease. Establishing which conditions influence to CKD identifies those who should have the required blood or urine tests. Early finding of CKD can establish if kidney disease is likely to be liberal allowing appropriate treatment to slow …show more content…
A Naive Bayesian model is easy to build, with no complex iterative parameter assessment which makes it especially useful for very large datasets. Even though it’s simple, the Naive Bayesian classifier often does unexpectedly well and is widely used because it often outperforms more refined classification methods. Bayes theorem delivers a way of calculating the posterior probability, P(c|x), from P(c), P(x), and P(x|c). Naive Bayes classifier assumes that the effect of the value of a predictor (x) on a given class (c) is independent of the values of other predictors. This hypothesis is called class conditional independence
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Dialysis is not only expensive, but also rough on patients and it is only a temporary solution. Essentially, since dialysis filters the blood through a machine, the patient is stuck living to that machine until there's an available organ. Due to the advances in medicine, kidney transplantation is the best option for the patient. Not only is it reliable, causing very few complications, it can help return the patient to their normal life. However, the lack of kidneys available for transplant caused 50,000 deaths worldwide.
Dialysis basically acts as an artificial kidney by filtering the blood of the patients on it. Dialysis can be both a good and a bad thing. The good in it is works just like a kidney would for a temporary fix, the bad is that sessions last three hours, several times a week. Dialysis is very harsh on the patient’s bodies, especially the ones that become dependent on it. It basically drains their bodies and causes them to become very weak and most of them aren’t able to work anymore.
Eliminating Other Disease With A Blood Test While testing the blood alone does not bring a positive answer for this health problem, it does rule out other diseases that may produce similar symptoms, such as; cancer vitamin and mineral difiencies lupus erythematosis other infections rare hereditary disorders Measuring Brain
For example, dialysis, the kidney treatment that the author’s mother was receiving, could seriously weaken a patient’s organ. Although this is a common treatment that serves to perform the function of a failing kidney, it could results in a variety of side effects
Human body and its health problems had been unknown for centuries until the evolution of the medical field in the late 1800s which lead to a rise in the average life expectancy from thirty six to a sweeping seventy eight. Then specialists started to identify the structure and the function of each organ. That’s when they found how important some organs as well as the human body cannot work properly without it. The kidney is one of those organs due to how fundamental it can
Kidney cancer can affect any or all of those layers. The cancer can stop the kidneys from filtering waste liquid and prevent them from regualting the body's blood pressure levels. Kidney cancer also has the abltiy to spread to other areas of the body as well. Once this occurs, it makes the processs of treating it, significnatly more
There are different diagnostic tool classification systems for Knowledge-Based Practice, but one of the most commonly used is the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The ICD is a globally recognized system for classifying diseases and other health conditions. Healthcare providers use it to diagnose and treat patients, and researchers to measure the prevalence of diseases. The ICD can be used in clinical settings to diagnose and treat patients. In community settings, the ICD can be used to measure the prevalence of diseases and to track trends in disease rates.
Initially, there will be blood in urine (haematuria) only, although proteinuria (protein in the urine) may also develop. Occasionally, the proteinuria is so marked that nephrotic syndrome is diagnosed. Later, the blood pressure starts to rise and, in men, renal function declines slowly. Once the blood creatinine has reached *200 mol/l patients can be advised that a form of dialysis or a transplant will be required, on average, 16 months later. This is very roughly 50% of kidney function, which would be classed as stage three of kidney disease.
She primarily treats the geriatric population. An acute exacerbation of chronic kidney disease can also be referred to as acute on chronic kidney disease. This is typically an acute kidney injury (AKI) that occurs in a patient with normal kidney function or preexisting kidney disease. “AKI is
There are several silent symptoms that are related to type 2 diabetes. First, patients with type 2 diabetes go to the bathroom frequently. For example, they visit the bathroom from 7 to 10 times a day while normal people visit the bathroom from 6 to 7 times a day. (2) As a result, they feel too much thirst, so they need to drink more liquids to prevent themselves from dehydration. Sugary drinks are chosen by patients to rehydrate the dehydration such as soda or chocolate milk.
Summary In this lab our primary goal was to learn about the kidney and its filtration abilities as well as how the kidneys maintain blood composition by altering the urine composition. As well as to see the effects glucose, protein, salt, and water intake have on the urine composition and volume. To do this we will use multistix test strips to test the urine before the intake in fluids and then once again after the glucose, protein, salt, or water is consumed. The last objective is to understand the relationship between urine output and various conditions and diseases, this is done through the use of several multistix test strips and descriptions of several people's characteristics and their diseases.
Introduction: Chronic periodontitis (CP), the commonest type of periodontal disease, it is an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within of the tissues supporting the teeth, progressive loss of attachment and bone loss. It is closely related to several systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The link between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be due to infection and inflammation. The periodontal inflammatory state may increases the chronic inflammation present in CKD, thus decreasing renal function. Periodontal therapy may reduce inflammation and improves endothelial function.
Congestive heart failure The term "congestive heart failure" is somewhat misleading. The heart does not fail, but rather that it does not contract as strongly as before, and does not pump enough blood around the body to meet the body's needs in terms of oxygen. This is caused by a buildup of fluid in the lungs that impedes the breathing or causes disturbances to the lower limbs. Again, these symptoms are not manifested in all cases.