Besides being separated by an ocean, the Romans and Aztecs were very much alike. Both were ruled by emperors worshipped as a god, both had highly trained and skilled armies that contributed to their land control, and both believed in polytheistic religions. On the other hand, there are significant differences between the two empires, like the type of government system, economy, and social structure each civilization
Han China and Mauryan India had many similarities. They were both bureaucracies, they both had emperors, and both empires established their laws on religious belief. They also had a lot of contrasting ideas for positioning their people, and they had contrasting ideas for their different religious standpoints. One empire put more weight on logic, and the other more on religion. Both Han China and Classical India used social structure systems as a method of political control.
History takes place because changes occur throughout both past as well as current civilizations. Much of the past has succumbed to change because of an apparent impersonal force, war. Through war, many advances arise allowing new civilizations to begin as well as old civilizations to fall. Over the course of several millennia, war has brought both beginnings as well as ends to several dynasties in China as well as shifts in religion across Islam. War in all civilizations has been an important driving factor for conquest as well as a gain in wealth.
Ancient China, just like the rest of the world, was shaped by people. Everyone from the lowest class to the highest nobles played an important part, but some had an especially significant role in changing history’s path. One of these people was a man named Kong Qui, or, as he’s better known in the Western world, Confucius. He was born in 551 B.C. in the Lu state of China.
For instance, the relationship between humans and gods that resound throughout the narrative, gender divisions, civilization versus nature and lastly, how the Sumerians lived. The story of Gilgamesh is one of the earliest epics in world literature and was composed in Southern Mesopotamia before 2000 B.C. As mentioned and discovered by scientists, this writing was inscribed on twelve clay tables in cuneiform that depicted the way of life in Mesopotamia. During this period, a major factor influencing behavior, personal and political decision-making, and material culture was religion. Sumerians had a polytheistic belief system, which means that the people believed and worshipped multiple gods and goddesses.
The comparison between the Middle East, China, and Africa resembled in abounding ways. One way they all relate was through their religion: they are all polytheistic, the belief in more than one deity. The people believed that these deities, sometimes their ruler, controlled the forces of nature. For example, if there is a period of drought, they would pray to the gods
The religions traded back and forth along the Silk Road went through many changes. For example, Christianity and Buddhism became much more materialistic religions because of the goods available to them. Additionally, Christians began to infuse Roman and Greek thoughts into their religion. This was due to the fact that many different and unique ideas were spread throughout different civilizations along the Silk Road. While the religions themselves were changing, the process of them being spread stayed constant.
One of the similarities that they both shared, was religion. Although their religions and beliefs in gods were different, the reason for their similarity was that they both believed in some kind of higher power and ways of worship (Henretta, 22). Secondly, Native Americans and Europeans also both had established governmental systems. They both had their individual and unique ways of keeping things civilized. The reason for that was because both groups of people wanted a government to provide social order and economic systems.
Eric Li Phil 511 Prof. Tiwald 10/14/15 Human Nature is Good Human nature are hard to define, even philosophers are divided by it. In both eastern and western philosophy we have philosophers, Mengzi and Rousseau, who argued for human nature being good, and we have philosopher, Yang Zhu, who argues that human nature is bad. Mengzi in the bce taught that human nature is good, but people stray from it because they do not reflect on the four virtues they are born with. In addition, Rousseau, who is born after the bce, writes that human nature is good, but because of the development of society people have changed. Finally, Yang Zhu, who has been arguing with Mengzi, taught that human nature is bad because people are selfish and only will help if there is self-interest.
Also at this time wanted to find answers and meaning and to finding these we created a religion. At this time in Mesopotamian, we believe the world was controlled by many gods, not just one. As people come together there can be conflicts within their society causing the creation of order. Around 2100 B.C.E. in Babylon king,