Comparing The US Constitution And NYS Constitution

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The U.S constitution and NYS constitution are similar regarding separation of powers divided among the executive, legislation and judicial and were the intention of establishing local authorities to protect people’s right. As Bowman state, state constitution represents the fundamental laws of that state, which provide a set of rules, regulations, and procedures (Bowman 47-48). These constitutions were designed similar to the US, therefore transferring over its strengths and weakness. In NYS constitution, the legislation lies with the senate and assembly, the governor holds the executive power, but it does not specify it judicial roles, except for the court systems (Pecorella and Stonecash 106 and 113). As mention prior, the functions that transferred …show more content…

The NYS constitution’s Bill of Rights last ratified in 1938 with 18 sections, but three repealed later. The difference between NYS Bill of Rights and the US are the combination of the same rights in a single amendment. For instance, the first amendment in the U.S. Bill of rights, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise…..; abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;….. Right of the people peaceably to assemble, petition the government for a redress of grievances.” is the combination of 3 of NY state bill of rights. Another difference was the rights of criminals. NYS uses habeas corpus for the protection of holding without a cause (Department of Sate) and the US followed a right to a grand jury and public trial. The charming touch of the NYS bill of right was also another difference because it laid out more individual rights for its people. Section 1, rights, privilege and franchise, section 11 equal protection laws; civil rights, and sections 17 and 18, workers and labor injustices (Department of Sate), explicitly directed to many aspects of citizens such as discrimination and workers compensation ( Department of

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