Krohne's Theory Of Coping

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Taking care of patients with critical illness is surely demanding since it requires a close medical supervision care by a multi-disciplinary team. Being a nurse in an intensive care unit is stressful and challenging since it requires the nurse to demonstrate special characteristics and skills in order to be able to adjust to the critical sittings, accommodate to the patients’ needs, provide the patients with the best medical treatment and evaluate their conditions as well as to help their families to cope with the critical care environment. Critical care nursing has been associated with sophisticated clinical requirements for the nurses to establish and achieve desired outcomes by coping with any stressors or difficulties confronted…show more content…
According to (Krohne, 2002) who classified coping as a theory and grouped it into diverse categories relying on two diversified methods, either trait vs. state oriented technique or microanalytic vs. macroanalytic approach, has defined coping as “the cognitive and behavioral efforts made to master, tolerate, or reduce external and internal demands and conflicts among them.” On the other hand, (Folkman & Lazarous, 1984) integrated the definition of coping for both animals and humans as a progressive growth that causes a reduction in the reactions of animals as well as in human trial. While all these researchers have defined the concept of coping relying on different perspectives, (Pearlin & Schooler, 2016) have structured the significant and rigid aspects that form the concept. These aspects are positive comparisons, which are illustrated as the type of situations that people confront and consider as less intense when they actually seem to be harsh when they are viewed. The second element is selective ignoring, which is elucidated as looking around or seeking for a positive feature while being in a very disturbing surrounding. The third function is neither to prevent the event that induces stress nor to originate innate comprehension to questionable situation within the even. On the other hand, barriers might interrupt the coping process by diverse ways. For instance, the patient or the family might reject any interventions due to religious reasoning hence; rejection is the first barrier of the coping concept. Secondly, families who have unfamiliar expectations for clinical care plan and ask for irrational demands, which are out of the nurse’s control, will depict the second factor which is control. The third element can be elucidated as “escape-avoidance” (Krohne,

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