In the course of human events, and of human history, a lot of tragic accidents have happened and among them, the R.M.S. Titanic. The world 's largest cruise ship, at the time, took a deep plunge into the North Atlantic ocean on the night of April 15th, 1912. The horrifying event killed more than 1,500 innocent people on its maiden voyage, and only about 700 survived the wreck. The ship was going from Southampton, U.K. to New York City.
I. INTRODUCTION The Black Death arrived in Europe on October 1348 when 12 Genoese trading ships arrived at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. The people who gathered on the docks that was about to greet the ships met with a horrifying surprise: Most of the sailors aboard the ships were dead, and those who were still alive were gravely ill. They were overcome with fever and delirious from pain. Also, they were covered in mysterious black boils that oozed blood and pus and gave their illness its name: the “Black Death.” The Sicilian authorities immediately told them to leave the harbor, but it was too late.
INTRODUCTION: The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was an industrial accident. It happened at a Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, India. On 3 December 1984, the plant released 42 tonnes of toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to toxic gases. A mixture of poisonous gases flooded the city, causing great panic as people woke up with a burning sensation in their lungs. Thousands died immediately from the effects of the gas.
9/11 became the day that a tragic event killed thousands, injured hundreds and changed America forever. On September 11, 2001, also known as 9/11, one of the greatest tragedies had struck America. This was caused by a terrorist attack that will forever be remembered by Americans. The attack started at 8:45 a.m. when the flight, American Airlines Boeing 767, that was holding 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center that was located in New York City. The massive explosion caused burning debris to shower over the surrounding buildings and onto the streets below, which made it clear that America was now under attack.
The relative risk of fatal occupational accident for a female seafarer compared with all economically active women ashore is thus 32.2 (11.4 to 90.5) and for female seafarers in traditional male occupations 175.4 (62.3 to 493.4). Two of the fatal accidents were caused by suffocation in a tank and in the ship’s hold, respectively. Both had been asked to enter these confined spaces by superiors, although this was in violation of basic safety regulations. One female seafarer drowned in the harbor after returning from a public house ashore, and the last fatal occupational accident was caused by a maritime disaster. The remaining fatal accidents consisted of five traffic accidents, giving an SMR of 2.52 (0.79 to 5.92) for this specific cause of death.
Japan is an island in East Asia, and its location lies in the Pacific Ocean. On the 11th March, 2011, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake developed in the country, a phenomena that unleashed a tsunami with waves up to 39 metres. In this environmental disaster, the estimated death toll is 15884 people, and it is probed that most of them died by drowning. In spite of suffering the damages of the earthquake, both nations faced major problems after the disaster. Haiti experienced lack of clean water and the outbreak of cholera in October of the same year, which made recuperation even harder.
There have been many disasters in the world whether natural disasters or man-made. They have all caused some kind of destruction on Earth and we wonder what caused these disasters; especially the man-made ones. A few man-made disasters are the Titanic’s ship disaster, the molasses tank explosion in Boston, and the St. Francis Dam flood in California. The earth’s temperature did have an effect on these disasters something we can’t control but they had multiple human errors. Such as lack of technology, human ambition to have more, and lack of taking enough precautions.
A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls. A total of 230,000 people were killed (Telegraph,2014). Tsunamis are giant ocean waves that are triggered by an earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These ocean waves will grow in height as they travel inland, due to the depth of the ocean decreasing. The world responded with donations and relief efforts to countries affected which included Indonesia, Thailand, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Burma and Maldives.
In maritime industry, there are two worst case scenario for seafarers, sinking or capsizing. If you work on any kind of ship in any waters you take risks every day. There are all kinds of hazards in this industry, but when a ship sinks or capsizes, the results can be devastating. These kinds of events lead to injuries, illness, and in the worst possible situations fatal hypothermia or drowning. As a seafarer, you should know that your employer has the responsibility for taking all necessary precautions needed to prevent sinking or capsizing.
With big oil companies constantly causing spills in the oceans marine life are directly affected causing mass deaths to fish in the area. While this is also happening a lack of food and resources start to diminish from those that use said fish in their local practices. As a society a drastic change needs to happen where holding big companies who pollute more accountable for their actions; for if nothing is done the Earth will begin to be so polluted where as a species survival may not be possible. This may not be something possible in the near future, but more in the next few