The main diseases that run through Costa Rica include Malaria, Dengue, Fever, Chagas Disease, Leptospirosis, Zika and Yellow Fever. According to Pan American Health Organization, in 2006-2010, 84,443 cases of Dengue disease were reported, of which 471 were serious. Costa Rica is considered a high-risk area for Malaria, which encompasses approximately 70% of the home population. Leptospirosis has the highest morbidity of any disease in which has caused a total of 46 deaths from 2006-2010, conferring from the Pan Health Organization. Costa Rica health officials have been in tight guard and have cautioned future travelers informing them that cases of the Zika virus have been confirmed.
The Mayo Clinic reports that in the first half of the 20th century, whooping cough was a leading cause of childhood illness and death in the U.S. (CDC, 2000). In 2010, an outbreak in California resulted in the illness of 9,477 and caused the death of ten infants (California Department of Public Health, 2010). This was the biggest outbreak of whooping cough since 1945. First documented in 1981, the epidemic we now know as HIV began to appear as a rare lung infection characterized by a weakened immune system. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) -the final stage of HIV -is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States among people age 25 to 44 (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012).
Smallpox is a highly contagious and fatal disease that had a huge impact on the human population. It is thought to have been originated from India or Egypt at least 3,000 years ago. Smallpox is caused by two variations of the variola virus, variola major and variola minor. Variola major is the most common form of smallpox. It enters the body through the lungs and is carried to the internal organs.
6. Compare the two time periods in terms of causes of death (text, Tables 7 and 8, Figure 4). From 1914 to 1965 the main cause of death was infectious diseases, resulting in about 23.1% of the deaths recorded. What they found that stood out the most that it was Leprosy, which killed 432 people, which is 12.7% during the first period. Infectious diseases are the likely causes for death in humans ranging from15 - 49 years of age.
About 420,000 childhood cancer survivors live in the U.S., with much more around the world (St. Jude Children 's Research Hospital) this shows that cancer is one major diagnosed disease found in children under the age of 15. Cancer patients will have long-lasting chronic conditions during treatment. Plus 0.35% of children get cancer and is always being overlooked. Childhood cancer research is vastly and consistently underfunded. Childhood cancer is the leading cause of death by disease in children under the age of 15 in the U.S.One in 285 children in the U.S. will be diagnosed with cancer by the time they are 20 years old.Every year, an estimated 250,000+ new cases of cancer affect children under the age of 20 worldwide.Two-thirds of
According to the CDC, “approximately half of the babies less than one year old who get pertussis need treatment in the hospital” (Fast Facts). The pertussis vaccine, discovered in 1906 was developed by Bordet and Gengou. It is a common virus that is more well known for affecting babies. The virus also known as “Whooping Cough” for the sound the host makes while trying to catch their breath. A single person with, “pertussis can infect up to 12 to 15 other people” (Pertussis F.A.Q).
Problem Although Haiti has been negatively affected by many health challenges, the most compelling challenge remains frequent natural disasters which cause high incidence rates of preventable infectious disease and mental illness. Progress Cholera: Cholera is one of the major challenges Haiti still faces as a result of the effects of natural disasters. Shortly after the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010, Haiti experienced a devastating cholera outbreak, killing over 9,100 people (United Nations, 2016). Since then, efforts have been made to further prevent such an epidemic. However, when Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti in October 2016, the country faced a cholera outbreak battle again.
The North American Smallpox Epidemic (1775-82) A report on the nature of losses and the complex set of factors that caused the disaster, based on our understanding of the concepts of risk and vulnerability. Historical perspectives and introduction The smallpox epidemic that devastated North America from 1775-82 is one of the worst cases of disease outbreaks that the world has ever experienced. It coincided with the American Revolutionary war and hugely aggravated the effects of this contagious disease. Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by the Variola major virus, though a much milder form of the disease was also caused by the Variola minor virus. The disease spreads when healthy individuals inhale droplets of saliva from infected
Prevention can be done through vaccination of avoiding of any contact with an infected individual. Smallpox has been on Earth for hundreds of years and is known to be one of the most deadliest diseases/ epidemics ever experienced by humanity. It kills about thirty percent of all people infected and spreads very quickly as it is highly contagious. Smallpox is known to happen to even some of the most significant icons all throughout history including George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Mozart. It's been one of the deadliest diseases to ever spread in this world for the past hundred years which has now been eradicated saving millions of lives every year.
Indeed human rights have failed to achieve its goals in many countries around the globe due to economical and political diversities. According to Himalayan Foundation, 20,000 Nepali girls are enslaved. The recent Rohingya refugee crisis and genocide by Burma has questioned human rights defenders. WHO reports say that around 125 million girls and women were victimized of Female Genital Mutilation in 29 countries in Africa, Middle East and Asia. Surprisingly more than 2000 victims of FGM have received treatment at London Hospitals in last three years, reported by Martin Bentham in ‘London Evening Standard’, 2013.